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Umthetho No. 2005-102 (ukukhubazeka) [AA_OrgIntl_ONU-CDPH]

Inqaku elihambelanayo - IQela eliSebenzayo elihambelanayo

Lo mbhalo ucetyiswa ukuba uhlalutye ngaphakathi kwesakhelo se Ingxelo ye-Autist Alliance kwiKomiti ye-CDPH kuRhulumente waseFrance.
Ukuba ungathanda ukunika amagqabantshintshi aluncedo kule ngxelo, cofa kwi-disc eluhlaza (okanye uye emazantsi ephepha) ukufumana imiyalelo yendlela omawuqhubeke ngayo.


Umthetho n ° 2005-102 kaFebruwari 11, 2005 wamalungelo alinganayo namathuba, ukuthatha inxaxheba kunye nokuba ngummi wabantu abakhubazekileyo (France)

Umthombo: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jorf/id/JORFTEXT000000809647

Indlu yoWiso-mthetho kunye neSenethi zamkele,
UMongameli weRiphabliki upapasha umthetho, umxholo wawo ulandelayo:

UMXHOLO I: AMALUNGISELELO JIKELELE (Amanqaku 1 ukuya ku-3)

Isiqendu 1

Ngaphambi kwenqaku L. 146-1 yesenzo sentlalo kunye neekhowudi zeentsapho, inqaku L. 146-1 A lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-1 A.- Kuwo onke amaqumrhu esizwe okanye omhlaba akhupha uluvo okanye amkela izigqibo malunga nomgaqo-nkqubo oxhasa abantu abakhubazekileyo, abameli babantu abakhubazekileyo bonyulwa kwisindululo semibutho yabameli babo, ukuqinisekisa ubukho Umanyano ngaxeshanye lwemibutho ethatha inxaxheba kulawulo lwamaziko ezentlalo kunye nonyango kunye neenkonzo ezichazwe kwi-2 °, 3 °, 5 ° kunye ne-7 ° ye-I yeNqaku L. 312-1 kunye nemibutho engathathi nxaxheba kuyo . "

Isiqendu 2

I. Isahluko IV seSihloko I seNcwadi I yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho:
1 ° Phambi kwenqaku L. 114-1, inqaku L. 114 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 114. -Ukuba nesiphene, ngokwentsingiselo yalo mthetho, nakuphi na ukusikelwa umda komsebenzi okanye ukuthintelwa kokuthabatha inxaxheba kubomi ekuhlaleni obuva ubunzima kwindalo yakhe ngumntu ngenxa yokonakala okukhulu, okuhlala ixesha elide okanye okuqinisekileyo enye okanye nangaphezulu komzimba, uvakalelo, ingqondo, ukuqonda okanye imisebenzi yengqondo, yokukhubazeka okuninzi okanye ukuphazamiseka kwempilo. ";
2 ° Inqaku L. 114-1 lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
a) Umhlathi wokuqala uthathelwe indawo yimihlathi emibini ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Wonke umntu okhubazekileyo unelungelo lobumbano kuluntu lonke lwesizwe, olumqinisekisa, ngenxa yesi sinyanzelo, ukufikelela kumalungelo asisiseko amkelwe kubo bonke abemi kwanokusetyenziswa ngokupheleleyo kobumi bakhe.
“Urhulumente uqinisekisa ukuphathwa ngokulinganayo kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kwilizwe liphela kwaye uchaza iinjongo zeminyaka emininzi. ";
b) Umhlathi wesibini uyacinywa;
3 ° Umhlathi wesibini wenqaku uL. 114-2 ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, isenzo esilandelelweyo sijolise ekuqinisekiseni ukufikelela kwabantwana, abafikisayo okanye abadala abakhubazekileyo kumaziko avulelekileyo kubo bonke abemi nolondolozo lwabo kwisakhelo semfundo esiqhelekileyo, yomsebenzi nobomi. Iqinisekisa ukukhatshwa kunye nenkxaso yeentsapho nezalamane zabantu abakhubazekileyo. "
II. - 1. Imihlathi emithathu yokuqala ye-I yenqaku loku-1 lomthetho n ° 2002-303 yomhla wesi-4 kuMatshi 2002 ngokunxulumene namalungelo ezigulana kunye nomgangatho wenkqubo yezempilo iba linqaku L. 114-5 lekhowudi isenzo sentlalo kunye neentsapho.
2. Amagatya eSiqendu L. 114-5 seKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho njengoko zivela kwi-1 yale II ziyasebenza kwinkqubo eqhubekayo ngomhla wokuqalisa ukusebenza komthetho. n ° 2002-303 kaMatshi 4, 2002, ikhankanywe apha ngasentla, ngaphandle kwaleyo ithe yagwetywa ngokungenakuphikiswa kumgaqo wembuyekezo.
III. -Ukubonelelwa nge-2 ° ka-I no-II kweli nqaku kuyasebenza eMayotte nakwimimandla yaseFrance esemaZantsi naseAntarctic.
IV. -Incwadi V yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ziye zalungiswa:
1 ° Phambi kwesahluko I sesihloko IV, isahluko sokuqala sifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isahluko sokuqala
Imigaqo ngokubanzi
“Ubugcisa. L. 540-1. Umhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 114-1, inqaku L. 114-5 kunye nomhlathi wesine wenqaku L. 146-1 ziyasebenza eMayotte. ";
2 ° Yongezwa ngesihloko se-VIII esibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"ISIHLOKO VIII
"AMAZWE EMZANTSI
KUNYE NOKUQHELEKA KWENKQUBO
"Isahluko esahlukileyo
Imigaqo ngokubanzi
“Ubugcisa. L. 581-1. Umhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 114-1, inqaku L. 114-5 kunye nomhlathi wesine wenqaku L. 146-1 ayasebenza kuMazantsi eFrance naseAntarctic Lands. "

Isiqendu 3

Emva kwenqaku L. 114-2 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, inqaku L. 114-2-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 114-2-1. -Urhulumente uququzelela rhoqo kwiminyaka emithathu, ukusukela nge-1 Januwari 2006, kwinkomfa yesizwe yabakhubazekileyo ebamemela ngokukodwa imibutho emele abantu abakhubazekileyo, abameli bemibutho elawula amaziko okanye iinkonzo zentlalo-ntle nezentlalo ezamkela abantu. Abantu abakhubazekileyo, abameli bamasebe kunye namaqumrhu okhuseleko lwentlalo, imibutho yabasebenzi emele imibutho yabaqeshi kunye namaqumrhu afanelekileyo, ukuze kuxoxwe ngendlela yokuqhutywa komgaqo-nkqubo ophathelene nabantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Ekupheleni komsebenzi wenkomfa kazwelonke engokukhubazeka, uRhulumente ungenisa kwi-ofisi yendibano zepalamente, emva kokufumana uluvo lweBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana labakhubazekileyo, ingxelo engokuphunyezwa komgaqo-nkqubo wesizwe ukuxhasa abantu abakhubazekileyo, egxila ikakhulu kwizenzo zokuthintela ukukhubazeka, ukubenza bafikeleleke, badibanise, bagcine kwaye bakhuthaze ingqesho, ukuhlonipha umgaqo wokungacalucalulo kunye nophuhliso iimeko zokuphila. Le ngxelo ingakhokelela kwingxoxo-mpikiswano kwiNdlu yoWiso-mthetho nakwiNdlu yeeNgwevu. "

ISIHLOKO II: UKUTHINTELWA, UKWENZIWA KOPHANDO NOKUFUMANEKA KWEENKONZO ZEMPILO (amanqaku ama-4 ukuya kwali-10)

Isiqendu 4

Inqaku L. 114-3 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho ifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 114-3. -Ngaphandle kokukhetha kumalungiselelo aphathelene nothintelo kunye nokuhluzwa okubonelelwe ngokukodwa yikhowudi yezempilo yoluntu, yikhowudi yemfundo kunye nekhowudi yabasebenzi, uRhulumente, oogunyaziwe bengingqi kunye nemibutho yokhuselo loluntu ukumiliselwa kwemigaqo-nkqubo yokuthintela, ukunciphisa kunye nokuhlawulela abakhubazekileyo kunye neendlela eziyimfuneko ekuphumeleleni kwabo ezijolise ekudaleni iimeko zokudibana zokuthintela oonobangela bokukhubazeka, ukuthintela ukukhubazeka okongezelelekileyo, ukuphucula amandla omntu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokukhangela ukuzimela okungcono.
“Umgaqo-nkqubo wokuthintela, ukunciphisa nokuhlawulela abakhubazekileyo usekwe kwiinkqubo zophando ezibandakanya iinkqubo ezahlukeneyo.
“Umgaqo-nkqubo wothintelo lokukhubazeka ubandakanya ngokukodwa:
“A) Iintshukumo ezijolise ngqo kubantu abakhubazekileyo;
“B) Iintshukumo ezijolise ekwaziseni, ekuqeqesheni, ekukhapheni nasekuxhaseni iintsapho kunye nabongi
“(C) Iintshukumo ezijolise ekukhuthazeni uphuhliso lwamaqela okuncedisana;
“D) Uqeqesho kunye nenkxaso yezenzo zeengcali;
“(E) Ulwazi loluntu kunye nezenzo zokwazisa;
“F) Amanyathelo othintelo malunga nokuphathwa gadalala kwabantu abakhubazekileyo;
“G) Iintshukumo ezenza ukuba kube nakho ukuseka iibhondi zekhonkrithi zobumi;
“H) Izenzo ezithile zenkxaso yengqondo enikwa usapho xa kubhengezwa ukukhubazeka, ngaphandle kokukhubazeka;
“I) iintshukumo zemfundo ezikolweni neendawo zokusebenzela kwakunye nakuzo zonke iindawo zolwamkelo, zololongo nezokuxhasa, ngokweemfuno zabantu abafunyenweyo;
"J) Amanyathelo okuphucula indawo yokuhlala kuthathelwa ingqalelo zonke iimeko, iimveliso kunye neenkonzo ezilungiselelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokwenza imigaqo yoyilo eyilelwe ukusebenza kwindalo iphela.
“Ezi ntshukumo kunye neenkqubo zophando zinokuphakanyiswa liBhunga leSizwe laBantu abaKhubazekileyo elikhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-1 okanye ngebhunga elinye okanye nangaphezulu lesebe labantu abakhubazekileyo abakhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-2 xa ezi ntshukumo okanye iinkqubo zigcinwe kwelinye okanye amanye amasebe. "

Isiqendu 5

Inqaku L. 3322-2 yeKhowudi yezeMpilo yoLuntu yongezwa ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Zonke iiyunithi zokupakisha iziselo ezinxilisayo zithwala, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngumyalelo woMphathiswa ojongene nezempilo, umyalezo wezempilo ocebisa ukungabikho kotywala ngabafazi abakhulelweyo. "

Isiqendu 6

Emva kwenqaku L. 114-3 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, inqaku L. 114-3-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 114-3-1. -Uphando malunga nokukhubazeka sisihloko seenkqubo ezahlukeneyo zokuhlanganisa amaziko emfundo aphakamileyo, imibutho yophando kunye neengcali.
"Ijolise ngokukodwa ekuchongeni abantu abachaphazeleke kukukhubazeka kunye nezifo ezisuka kuyo, ukuchaza unobangela wokukhubazeka okanye ukukhubazeka kokuphazamiseka, ukuphucula inkxaso yabantu abachaphazelekayo kwinqanaba lezonyango, kwezentlalo nakwezonyango. , kwezemfundo okanye ekufundiseni, ukuphucula ubomi babo bemihla ngemihla kunye nokuphuhlisa amanyathelo okunciphisa ukukhubazeka kunye nokukhusela umngcipheko.
“Uqwalaselo lukazwelonke kuqeqesho, uphando kunye nezinto ezintsha malunga nokukhubazeka sele zenziwe. Ikhupha ingxelo ingeniswe kuMphathiswa ophethe abantu abakhubazekileyo, kwibhunga lenzululwazi leNgxowa-mali kaZwelonke yoBumbano yokuzimela kunye nakwiBhunga leLizwe leNgcebiso labantu abakhubazekileyo rhoqo emva kweminyaka emithathu.
"Esi sigqeba, esenziwe ngummiselo siquka imibutho emele abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo, inoxanduva lokuthatha isigqibo ngokulungelelaniswa kwemigaqo-nkqubo yokuthintela kunye nokuhlola iingxaki zempilo ezibonelelwe yikhowudi yempilo yoluntu, ngokuthi ikhowudi yezemfundo kunye nekhowudi yezabasebenzi enomgaqo-nkqubo wothintelo lokukhubazeka.
“Ingathunyelwa liBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana laBantu abakhubazekileyo okanye libhunga lesebe elibonisanayo labantu abakhubazekileyo elikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-2. "

Isiqendu 7

Emva kwenqaku L. 1110-1 yekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu, inqaku L. 1110-1-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 1110-1-1. -Ingcali zezempilo kunye necandelo lezamayeza nezentlalontle zifumana uqeqesho oluthile ngokubhekisele kuphuhliso lolwazi olunxulumene nezifo ezibangela ukukhubazeka kunyango, ezobuchwepheshe, ezokufundisa, izinto ezintsha kwezemfundo. nemicimbi yezentlalo enxulumene nabo, ukwamkelwa kunye nenkxaso yabantu abakhubazekileyo, kunye nokwaziswa kokukhubazeka. "

Isiqendu 8

Umhlathi wesithathu weNqaku L. 1411-2 yeKhowudi yezeMpilo kaRhulumente yongezwa sisivakalisi esibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
Icacisa iindlela ezizezinye ekufuneka zisetyenzisiwe, ukuba kukho imfuneko, ukuze abantu abakhubazekileyo baxhamle ngokupheleleyo kwizicwangciso zokusebenza. "
II. -Icandelo L. 1411-6 lekhowudi efanayo yongezwa yimigaqo emibini ebhalwe ngolu hlobo:
“Abantu abakhubazekileyo bayaxhamla kuthethwano olongezelelekileyo lokuthintela unyango. Bafumana ubuchwephesha kwezonyango apho obenza ukuba baqinisekise ukuba bayazuza kuphuhliso lwezonyango kunye nobuchwepheshe bokunciphisa ukukhubazeka kwabo. Ukuhamba rhoqo nohlobo lokubonisana kuchazwa ngokomyalelo woMphathiswa ojongene nezempilo.
“Amaqela ezonyango anobuchwephesha ajongene nolu thethwano kungaboniswana nawo ngamaqela ezohlukeneyo ezikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-8 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho, njengenxalenye yophuhliso lwezicwangciso zembuyekezo ezizezakho ezilungiselelwe. kwinqaku L. 114-1-1 yekhowudi efanayo. "

Isiqendu 9

Emva kwenqaku L. 1111-6 yekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu, inqaku L. 1111-6-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 1111-6-1. -Umntu othintelwe ngokusisigxina, ngenxa yokunqongophala kokusebenza kwamalungu aphezulu ngokunxulumene nokukhubazeka komzimba, ekuzenzeni ngokwakhe izenzo ezinxulumene nokhathalelo oluchazwe ngugqirha, unokumisela, ukukhuthaza ukuzimela kwakhe, umnakekeli wendalo okanye yokukhetha kwakhe ukufezekisa.
"Umntu okhubazekileyo nabantu abachongiweyo bafumana kwangaphambili, kwezempilo, imfundo efanelekileyo noqeqesho ebenza ukuba bafumane ulwazi kunye namandla afunekayo okwenza isenzo ngasinye sabakhubazekileyo abachaphazelekayo. . Xa kuziwa kwiinkqubo zokonga, le mfundo kunye nokufunda kubonelelwa ngugqirha okanye ngumongikazi.
“Imiqathango yokusetyenziswa kweli nqaku ichaziwe, apho kufanelekileyo, ngummiselo. "

Isiqendu 10

Umhlathi wesine weNqaku L. 122-26 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi yongezwa ngesigwebo esichazwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Xa ukuhanjiswa kwenzeka ngaphezulu kweeveki ezintandathu phambi komhla olindelekileyo kwaye kufuna ukuba umntwana alaliswe esibhedlele nasemva kokubeleka, ixesha lokunqunyanyiswa kwesivumelwano sengqesho elibonelelwe kwimihlathi eyandulelayo landiswa ngenani leentsuku phakathi komhla wokuqala womhla Ukuzalwa kunye nomhla olindelweyo, ukwenzela ukuvumela umqeshwa ukuba athathe inxaxheba, nanini na xa kunokwenzeka, kukhathalelo olunikwa umntwana wakhe kwaye axhamle kwizenzo zemfundo yezempilo ezilungiselela ukubuyela kwakhe ekhaya. "

UMXHOLO WESI-11: IMBUYEKEZO NEZIBONELELO (Amanqaku 18 ukuya ku-XNUMX)>

Isahluko I: Imbuyekezo yeziphumo zokukhubazeka (amaNqaku 11 ukuya kwali-15)

Isiqendu 11

Emva kwenqaku L. 114-1 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, inqaku L. 114-1-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 114-1-1. -Umntu okhubazekileyo unelungelo kwimbuyekezo yeziphumo zokukhubazeka kwakhe nokuba kungayiphi imvelaphi kunye nohlobo lokungakhubazeki, ubudala bakhe okanye indlela aphila ngayo.
"Le mbuyekezo ibandakanya ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zabo, nokuba kukukhathalelwa kwabantwana, ukufunda, ukufundisa, imfundo, umanyano lobungcali, amalungiselelo ekhaya okanye indawo yokusebenza eyimfuneko ekusebenziseni ngokupheleleyo ubumi babo kunye namandla okuzimela, uphuhliso okanye umbutho wokunikezelwa kwenkonzo, ngakumbi ukuvumela abo bajikeleze umntu okhubazekileyo ukuba baxhamle kwixesha lokuphumla, ukuphuhliswa kwamaqela okuncedana okanye iindawo kumaziko awodwa, uncedo lwalo naluphi na uhlobo kubantu okanye kumaziko ukuba baphile kwindawo eqhelekileyo okanye ehlengahlengisiweyo, okanye ngokufikelela kwiinkqubo nakumaziko athile akhubazekileyo okanye iindlela kunye neenkonzo ezihamba nokuphunyezwa kokhuseleko kwezomthetho ezilawulwa sisihloko XI seNcwadi I seKhowudi yeNdawo. Ezi mpendulo zilungisiweyo zithathela ingqalelo ulwamkelo nenkxaso eyimfuneko kubantu abakhubazekileyo abangakwaziyo ukuveza iimfuno zabo bebodwa.
“Iimfuno zembuyekezo zibandakanyiwe kwisicwangciso esenziwe ngokuqwalaselwa kweemfuno kunye neminqweno yomntu okhubazekileyo njengoko kuchaziwe kwiprojekthi yakhe yobomi, equlunqwe ngumntu ngokwakhe okanye, ukusilela oko, kunye naye. ngummeli wakhe xa engakwazi ukuveza uluvo lwakhe. "

Isiqendu 12

I. Isahluko V seSihloko IV seNcwadi II yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalo kunye neeNtsapho zibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isahluko V
"Isibonelelo sembuyekezo
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-1. - I. - Nawuphi na umntu okhubazekileyo ohlala ngendlela ezinzileyo narhoqo kwimetropolitan yeFrance, kumasebe akhankanywe kwinqaku L. 751-1 kwikhowudi yokhuseleko lwentlalo okanye eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, egqithile kwi iminyaka yelungelo kwisibonelelo semfundo sabantwana abakhubazekileyo ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 541-1 yale khowudi, iminyaka yabo ingaphantsi komda obekwe ngummiselo kwaye ukukhubazeka kwabo kuhlangana Iikhrayitheriya ezichazwe ngummiselo kuthathelwa ingqalelo ngakumbi imeko kunye nokubaluleka kweemfuno zembuyekezo ngokubhekisele kwisicwangciso sobomi bakhe, unelungelo lokufumana isibonelelo sembuyekezo esineempawu zohlobo oluza kuhlawulwa, ngokwe ukhetho lomxhamli, ngesisa okanye ngemali.
"Xa indlalifa yenkonzo yembuyekezo inelungelo elivulekileyo lolo hlobo luphantsi kweskim sokhuseleko lwentlalo, izibalo ezihlawulwe malunga noku ziye zatsalwa kwinani lenkonzo yembuyekezo phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo. .
Ummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente ucacisa imeko yokuhlala ekhankanywe kumhlathi wokuqala.
"II. - Oku kulandelayo kunokubanga ibhenefithi yale nkonzo:
“1 ° Abantu abaneminyaka engaphezu komda okhankanyiweyo kum kodwa abakhubazekileyo bahlangana, phambi kwalo mda wobudala, iikhrayitheriya ezikhankanyiweyo ndatsho mna, ngokuxhomekeke ekuceleni le nkonzo phambi kobudala obumiselwe ngummiselo;
“I-2 ° Abantu abaneminyaka engaphezu komda okhankanyiweyo kum kodwa abenza umsebenzi wobungcali ongaphaya kobu budala kwaye abakhubazekileyo bayazifezekisa iikhrayitheriya ezichazwe kuphicotho-zincwadi I.
“III. Abaxhamli benkxaso-mali ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 3-245 banokubanga ibhenefithi yenxalenye yenkonzo ekhankanyiweyo kwi-3 ° yenqaku L. 541-1, phantsi kweemeko ezimiselwe ngummiselo. Kwikhowudi yokhuseleko lwentlalo, xa bevezwa, ngenxa yokukhubazeka komntwana wabo, kwizityholo eziwela phantsi kwe-3 °. Ezi ntlawulo azinakuthathelwa ingqalelo kulwabiwo lwesibonelelo esongezelelweyo esikhankanywe apha ngasentla.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-2. Inkonzo yembuyekezo inikezelwa yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 kwaye ibonelelwe lisebe, phantsi kweemeko ezifanayo kulo lonke ilizwe.
“Ukuhlolwa kwesicelo senkonzo yembuyekezo kubandakanya ukuvavanywa kweemfuno zembuyekezo yomenzi-sicelo kunye nokusekwa kwesicwangciso sentlawulo esenzelwe wena esenziwa liqela leenkqubo ezininzi phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwinqaku uL. 146- 8.
“Nangona kunjalo, kwimeko yokungxamiseka okuqinisekisiweyo, umongameli webhunga ngokubanzi angayinika inkonzo yembuyekezo okwethutyana kunye nemali ebekiweyo ngummiselo. Unethuba leenyanga ezimbini zokumisela isigqibo, ngokungqinelana nemimiselo yeziqendu ezibini ezandulelayo.
“Izigqibo ezinxulumene nolwabiwo lwenkonzo yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-9 inokuba sisigqibo sesibheno phambi kwenkundla yezobuchwephesha yezokhuseleko loluntu. Izigqibo zikaSihlalo weBhunga Jikelele ngokunxulumene nokuhlawulwa kwenkonzo zingenziwa isibheno ngokuchasene neekomiti zesebe ezichazwe kwiNqaku L. 134-6, phantsi kwale miqathango kwaye ngokweenkqubo ezichaziweyo kumaNqaku L. 134 -1 kuye kuL. 134-10.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-3. Inkonzo yembuyekezo inokwabiwa, phantsi kweemeko ezichazwe ngummiselo, kwiirhafu:
“1 ° Inxulumene nemfuno yoncedo lwabantu, kubandakanya, apho kufanelekileyo, ezo zibonelelwa ngabakhathaleli bosapho;
“I-2 ° inxulumene nesidingo soncedo lobuchwephesha, ngakumbi kwiindleko ezihlawulwa yi-inshurensi xa ezi zixhobo zobugcisa ziwela phantsi kweenkonzo ezinikezelweyo kwi-1 ° yenqaku L. 321-1 yekhowudi yokhuseleko loluntu;
“3 ° Inxulumene nendawo yokuhlala kunye nesithuthi somntu okhubazekileyo, kunye nazo naziphi na iindleko ezongezelelweyo ezibangelwe kukuhamba kwakhe;
“4 ° Ngokukodwa okanye okhethekileyo, njengaleyo inxulumene nokufunyanwa okanye ukugcinwa kweemveliso ezinxulumene nokukhubazeka;
“I-5 ° Inxulumene nolwabiwo kunye nokugcinwa kwabancedisi bezilwanyana. Ukusukela nge-1 kaJanuwari 2006, intlawulo ehambelana nenja ekhokelayo engaboniyo okanye inja encedisayo ithathelwa ingqalelo kuphela ekubaleni kwenkonzo ukuba inja ifundisiwe kulwakhiwo oluqinisekisiweyo nangootitshala. bafaneleke ngokwemiqathango echazwe ngummiselo. Izinja zinikezelwa kubantu abakhubazekileyo ngaphambi kwalo mhla kucingelwa ukuba ziyahlangabezana nale miqathango.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-4. -Into yenkonzo ewela phantsi kwe-1 ° yeNqaku L. 245-3 inikwa nawuphina umntu okhubazekileyo nokuba imeko yabo ifuna uncedo olusebenzayo lomntu wesithathu kwizinto ezibalulekileyo zobomi okanye ezifunekayo Ukubeka iliso rhoqo, okanye xa ukwenza umsebenzi wobungcali okanye umsebenzi wokukhetha kunyanzelisa iindleko ezongezelelweyo.
“Isixa esabelwe umntu okhubazekileyo sivavanywa ngokwenani leeyure zobukho ezifunwa yimeko yabo zize zilungiswe ngokusisigxina, kuthathelwa ingqalelo eyona ndleko yomvuzo wabancedisi babantu ekusebenziseni umthetho wezabasebenzi kunye yesivumelwano esidibeneyo sisebenza.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-5. Inkonzo yenkonzo yembuyekezo inokumiswa okanye iphazamiseke xa isekiwe, ngokubhekisele kwisicwangciso sembuyekezo somntu kwaye phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo, ukuba umzuzi akayinikezelanga le nkonzo kwimbuyekezo yeerhafu ekuthiwa yabhalwa kuye. Kuxhomekeke kuye, apho kufanelekileyo, umtyali wenkonzo ukuzisa isenzo sokubuyisa imali esetyenziswe ngokungekho mthethweni.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-6. Inkonzo yembuyekezo inikezelwa ngokusekwe kumaxabiso kunye nexabiso elimiselweyo ngohlobo lwenkcitho, ngaphakathi komda wokuhlawulwa onokwahluka ngokwezixhobo zomxhamli. La maxabiso akhankanyiweyo kunye nereyithi yokugubungela, kunye neyona mali iphezulu yento nganye ekhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 245-3, zichongwa ngummiselo. Imigaqo kunye nexesha lokunikezelwa kwale nkonzo zichazwe ngummiselo.
"Ayibandakanywa kwizibonelelo ezigcinelwe ukumiselwa kwenqanaba lokugubungela elikhankanyiweyo kumhlathi ongaphambili:
- umvuzo womsebenzi oqeqeshiweyo womntu ochaphazelekayo;
- izibonelelo zethutyana, izibonelelo kunye nezibonelelo zobomi ezinikezelwa kumaxhoba eengozi zorhwebo okanye kubaxhamli babo abakhankanywe kwi-8 ° kwinqaku lama-81 lekhowudi yetax;
- ingeniso yokubuyisela, uluhlu lwayo olumiselwe ngummiselo;
"- ingeniso evela kulowo utshatileyo, iqabane elihlala naye, umntu lowo umntu onomdla athe wagqiba isivumelwano sobumbano, umnakekeli wosapho, ohlala kwikhaya elinomdla, unikezela ngoncedo olusebenzayo , yabazali bakhe kwanaxa umntu ochaphazelekayo elawula nabo;
"- izibonelelo zempilo ezikhankanywe ku-2 ° I wenqaku le-199 septies zekhowudi yetax, xa bezenzelwe umntu okhubazekileyo yena okanye, egameni lakhe, ngabazali bakhe okanye ngummeli wakhe osemthethweni , ootatomkhulu noomakhulu, abantakwabo noodadewabo okanye abantwana bakhe;
"- izibonelelo ezithile zentlalo ezinenjongo ekhethekileyo, uluhlu lwazo luqwalaselwe ngummiselo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-7. Ulwabiwo lwenkonzo yembuyekezo ayixhomekekanga ekuphunyezweni kwesibophelelo solondolozo esichazwe kumanqaku 205 ukuya kuma-211 ekhowudi yoluntu.
“Akukho ndlela yokufumana le nkonzo eyenziwayo ngokuchasene nelifa lomntu ongasekhoyo, okanye nxamnye nommangalelwa okanye umntu osele egqibile.
“Izixa-mali ezihlawulelwe esi sibonelelo azixhomekekanga kumxhamli xa lo ubuyileyo efumene ubutyebi obungcono.
“Isibonelelo sembuyekezo asithathelwa ngqalelo kubalo lwesondlo okanye isixa setyala elibalwe ngokwezixhobo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-8. -Iinkonzo zembuyekezo azinakutshintshelwa kude kuba zihlawulwa ngqo kumxhamli kwaye azinakuthathwa, ngaphandle kwentlawulo yeendleko zomntu okhubazekileyo owela phantsi kwe-1 ° yenqaku L. 245-3. Kwimeko yokungahlawulwa kwezi ndleko, umntu wendalo okanye wezomthetho okanye iqumrhu elinoxanduva lwazo linokufumana kuSihlalo weBhunga Jikelele ukuba le nkonzo iwela phantsi kwe-1 ° yeNqaku L. 245- 3 ihlawulwe ngqo kuye.
“Isenzo somxhamli ekuhlawuleni izibonelelo siyaphelelwa emva kweminyaka emibini. Lo myalelo uyasebenza nakwintshukumo eziswe ngumongameli weBhunga Jikelele yokufumana kwakhona iinkonzo ezingahlawulwanga, ngaphandle kwaxa kukho ubuqhetseba okanye isibhengezo sobuxoki.
“Ukonganyelwa kwezibonelelo zentlalo kubonelelwe kumaNqaku L. 167-1 ukuya kuL. 167-5 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo nako kuyasebenza kwinzuzo yembuyekezo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-9. - Nabani na ofumene isibonelelo sembuyekezo ngaphambi kweminyaka ekhankanyiweyo kwinqaku L. 245-1 kwaye ohlangabezana nemiqathango ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 232-1 angakhetha, xa efikelela kule minyaka nakuhlaziyo ngalunye lolwabiwo lwale nzuzo, phakathi kokuyigcina nokufumana isibonelelo sokuzimela esizimeleyo.
“Xa umntu ofikelela kule minyaka yobudala engakhange abonakalise naluphi na ukhetho, kuthathwa ngokuba unqwenela ukuqhubeka nokuxhamla kwisibonelelo sembuyekezo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-10. Amalungiselelo eSiqendu L. 134-3 ayasebenza kwiinkcitho ezibangelwe kukuhlawulwa kwenkonzo ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 245-1.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-11. -Abantu abakhubazekileyo bahlaliswa okanye bakhatshwa liziko lezentlalo okanye lezamayeza okanye lokulaliswa esibhedlele kwiziko lezempilo banelungelo lokufumana isibonelelo sembuyekezo. Ummiselo ulungisa iimeko zokunikezelwa kwawo kwaye uchaze, ukuba kukho imfuneko, ngokweemeko zeqela elinomdla, ukuncitshiswa okunokusetyenziswa kuye ngexesha lokulaliswa esibhedlele, ukuhambelana okanye indawo yokuhlala, okanye imiqathango yokunqunyanyiswa kwayo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-12. -Into ekhankanyiweyo kwi-1 ° yeNqaku L. 245-3 inokusetyenziswa, kuxhomekeke kukhetho lomntu okhubazekileyo, ukuhlawula ngokuthe ngqo umqeshwa omnye okanye nangaphezulu, ngakumbi ilungu losapho phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kumhlathi wesibini kweli nqaku, okanye ukuhlawula inkonzo enikezela ngoncedo lwasekhaya oluvunyiweyo phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 129-1 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, kunye nokubuyekeza umntu okhathalela usapho ukuthotyelwa komntu okhubazekileyo ngokwentsingiselo yeSahluko I seTayitile II yeNcwadi I yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi.
“Umntu okhubazekileyo ozalisekisa imiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo unokuqesha ilungu elinye okanye nangaphezulu losapho, kubandakanya iqabane lakhe, iqabane lakhe okanye umntu athe wenza naye isivumelwano sobumbano phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo.
"Xa ukhetha ukuhlawula ngokuthe ngqo umqeshwa omnye okanye nangaphezulu, umntu okhubazekileyo angonyula iqumrhu elimele isigunyaziso phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 129-1 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi okanye kwiziko lezenzo zentlalo zikamasipala njengommeli into ekhankanywe kwi-1 ° yenqaku L. 245-3 yale khowudi. Umzimba ovunyiweyo uqinisekisa, egameni lomxhamli, ukugqitywa kolawulo kunye nokubhengezwa kwezentlalo okunxulumene nokuqeshwa kwabancedisi basekhaya. Umntu okhubazekileyo uhlala engumqeshi osemthethweni.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-13. - Isibonelelo sembuyekezo sihlawulwa qho ngenyanga.
"Nangona kunjalo, xa isigqibo sokunikezelwa kwenkonzo yembuyekezo sinika ilungelo lokuxhamla kwizinto ezikhankanywe ku-2 °, 3 °, 4 ° no-5 ° weNqaku L. 245-3, inokuchaza, ngesicelo se umntu okhubazekileyo okanye abameli babo bezomthetho, ukuba ezi zinto ziya kuphakamisa intlawulo enye okanye ezingaphezulu.
“Ezi ntlawulo zenziwa kube kanye ezenzelwa umntu okhubazekileyo okanye abameli babo bezomthetho. Ummiselo ubeka iimeko apho izicelo zokuhlawulwa kube kanye emva kwesigqibo solwabiwo ekubhekiswe kulo kumhlathi ongaphambili zixhomekeke kuvavanyo olwenziwe lula.
“Ubugcisa. L. 245-14. Ngaphandle kokuba kubonelelwe ngenye indlela, imigaqo yokusetyenziswa kwesi sahluko igqitywe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente. "
II. Umhlathi wethoba (3 °) wenqaku uL. 131-2 wale khowudi uyarhoxiswa.
III. -KwiNqaku L. 232-23 lekhowudi efanayo, amagama athi: "isibonelelo sembuyekezo" athatyathelw'indawo ngamagama: "inkonzo yembuyekezo".
IV. -Emva kwe-9 ° bis yenqaku lama-81 lekhowudi yerhafu ngokubanzi, i-9 ° ter ifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
9 ° ter Isibonelelo sembuyekezo esibonelelweyo ngenxa yezibonelelo zenqaku L. 245-1 yomgaqo wentsebenzo kunye neentsapho; ".

Isiqendu 13

Kwisithuba seminyaka emithathu ukususela ekuqalisweni kokusebenza kwalo mthetho, isibonelelo sembuyekezo siya kwandiswa siye kubantwana abakhubazekileyo. Kwisithuba seminyaka emihlanu ubuninzi, amalungiselelo alo mthetho enza umahluko phakathi kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ngokwendlela yobudala ngokwembuyekezo yokukhubazeka kunye nokuhlawulwa kweendleko zokuhlala kumaziko ezentlalo nawonyango. ezentlalo ziya kucinywa.

Isiqendu 14

Umhlathi wesibini ka-c we-Article L. 241-10 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo ufundeka ngolu hlobo:
"- nokuba yeyiphi na into yenzuzo yembuyekezo ekhankanywe kwi-1 ° yenqaku L. 245-3 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho; ".

Isiqendu 15

Isiqendu 272 seKhowudi yoLuntu songezwa ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ekumiseleni iimfuno kunye nezixhobo, ijaji ayithathi ngqalelo imali ehlawulwe ngembuyekezo yeengozi zomsebenzi kunye nezibalo ezihlawulwe ngelungelo lokufumana ukukhubazeka. "

Isahluko II: Izixhobo zabantu abakhubazekileyo (amaNqaku 16-18

Isiqendu 16

Itayitile II yeNcwadi VIII yeKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalontle iyahlonyelwa:
1 ° Inqaku L. 821-1 lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
a) Umhlathi wokuqala uthathelwe indawo yimihlathi emithathu ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Nawuphi na umntu ohlala kummandla weedolophu okanye kumasebe akhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 751-1 okanye eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon egqithile kwiminyaka yobudala belungelo kwisibonelelo esibonelelwe kwinqaku L. 541-1 kwaye ukungabinakho ukusebenza ngokusisigxina ubuncinci kulingana neepesenti emiswe ngummiselo, ifumana, phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwesi sihloko, isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo.
"Abantu belizwe langaphandle, ngaphandle kwamazwe angamaLungu eManyano yaseYurophu okanye amaqela kwisivumelwano malunga noMmandla wezoQoqosho waseYurophu, banokuxhamla kuphela kwisibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo ukuba bahlala kwimeko yesiqhelo yomthetho ohlala kuwo okanye ukuba babambe irisiti yokuhlaziya imvume yokuhlala. Ummiselo ulungisa uluhlu lwezihloko okanye amaxwebhu angqina imeko yesiqhelo yesiqhelo.
“Ilungelo lesibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo livulekile xa umntu engenakho ukufaka ibango, phantsi kwenkqubo yokhuseleko kwezentlalo, inkqubo yomhlala-phantsi yomthetho okanye umthetho othile, isibonelelo sabadala ukukhubazeka, ngaphandle kokonyuka koncedo oluqhubekayo oluvela kumntu wesithathu ekubhekiswe kuye kwiNqaku L. 355-1, okanye ipenshini yengozi yomsebenzi, ngaphandle kolonyuso loncedo lomntu. Umntu wesithathu okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 434-2, kwisixa esilingana noko kwesi sibonelelo. ";
b) Kumhlathi wesine, la magama athi: "phantsi kweemeko ezichaziweyo kumhlathi wokuqala apha ngasentla," ayacinywa kwaye amagama athi: "Izixa-mali ezihlawulwe ngokugqithileyo ziya kuhlawulwa ngumxhamli" endaweni yazo. Ngamagama: "Ukufumana kwakhona imali ehlawulwe ngaphezulu kule meko, imibutho ekubhekiswe kuyo kwiNqaku L. 821-7 ibanjelwe kumalungelo abaxhamli ngokubhekisele kwimibutho ehlawula abantu abadala okanye izibonelelo zomhlala-phantsi. ukungasebenzi kakuhle ”;
c) Umhlathi wesihlanu ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Xa isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo sihlawulwa ukongeza kumvuzo oqinisekisiweyo ekubhekiswe kuwo kwiNqaku L. 243-4 kwiNkqubo yoLuntu kunye neKhowudi yoSapho, ukuqokelelwa kwesi sibonelelo ngomvuzo oqinisekisiweyo okhankanywe apha ngasentla. Ilinganiselwe kumyinge obekwe ngummiselo ohluka ngokukodwa kuxhomekeke ekubeni umzuzi utshatile okanye uhlala kubudlelwane bomtshato okanye uboshwe sisivumelwano sobumbano kwaye unoyena mntu okanye ngaphezulu abaxhomekeke kuye. Ezi zixa-mali ziyahluka ngokobuncinci bemivuzo yokukhula ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 141-4 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi. ";
2 ° Inqaku L. 821-1-1 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 821-1-1. Isiqinisekiso semithombo yabakhubazekileyo siyasekwa, kubandakanya isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nezixhobo ezongezelelweyo. Isixa sesi siqinisekiso siqwalaselwe ngummiselo.
"Izibonelelo ezongezelelweyo zihlawulwa kubaxhamli besibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo phantsi kweNqaku L. 821-1:
"- onamandla okusebenza, kuvavanywa yikomiti ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, kukuba, banikwe ukukhubazeka kwabo, ngaphantsi kwepesenti emiselweyo ngummiselo;
“- abangakhange bafumane umvuzo kwimisebenzi yobungcali ngexesha elimiselwe ngummiselo;
"- abaneendawo zokuhlala ezizimeleyo;
“- abafumana isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo ngenqanaba elipheleleyo okanye ukongeza kwisibonelelo sokuguga okanye sokukhubazeka okanye ipenshini yengozi yomsebenzi.
“Ukuhlawulwa kwezixhobo ezongezelelekileyo zabantu abakhubazekileyo kuphelela kwiminyaka apho lowo azuzayo ethathwa njengongafanelekanga emsebenzini phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kumhlathi wesihlanu wenqaku uL. 821-1.
“Nakuphi na ukuqala kwakhona komsebenzi wobungcali kubandakanya ukuphela kwentlawulo yezixhobo ezongezelelweyo.
“Ummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente ucacisa iimeko apho izixhobo ezongezelelweyo zihlawulwa phantsi kwabo banomdla bahlala kwindawo yezentlalo okanye yezonyango, abalaliswe kwiziko lezempilo okanye bavalelwa kwiziko eliphantsi kolawulo lwentolongo.
“Amagatya eCandelo L. 821-5 ayasebenza nakwezinye izibonelelo. ";
3 ° Emva kwenqaku L. 821-1-1, inqaku L. 821-1-2 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 821-1-2. -Ukunyuswa kokuphila ngokuzimeleyo, isixa-mali esisisigxina ngomthetho, sihlawulwa kubaxhamli besibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo phantsi kweNqaku L. 821-1:
“- banendawo yokuhlala ezimeleyo abafumana kuyo uncedo lwezindlu;
"- fumana isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo kwinqanaba elipheleleyo okanye ukongeza kwisibonelelo sokuguga okanye sokukhubazeka okanye ipenshini yengozi yomsebenzi;
"- musa ukufumana umvuzo kwimisebenzi yobungcali.
"Ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente ubalula iimeko apho ukunyuka kokuphila ngokuzimela kuhlawulwa kubantu abanomdla abahlala kwindawo yezentlalo okanye yezentlalo, abagcinwe esibhedlele okanye kwiziko lezempilo. .
“Isongezelelo sokuphila ngokuzimela asinakudityaniswa nesiqinisekiso sengeniso sabantu abakhubazekileyo ekubhekiswe kuso kwinqaku uL. 821-1-1. Umzuzi ohlangabezana nemiqathango yokunikezelwa kwezi zibonelelo zibini ukhetha ukuxhamla kwenye okanye kwenye.
“Amalungiselelo wenqaku L. 821-5 ayasebenza kwisongezelelo sokuphila ngokuzimela. ";
4 ° Inqaku L. 821-2 lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
a) Kumhlathi wokuqala, la magama athi: "ikomiti yezobuchwephesha yezikhokelo zobungcali nokuhlelwa ngokutsha ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 323-11 lekhowudi yabasebenzi" athatyathelwe indawo ngala magama: "ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146 -9 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho "kunye namagama:" kodwa ngubani "athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama:" xa engakhange abambe umsebenzi ixesha elimiselwe ngummiselo kwaye yena Bucala ngasekhohlo " ;
b) Umhlathi wesibini uyacinywa;
c) Kumhlathi wokugqibela, igama elithi: "owesithathu" lithathelwe indawo ligama: "wesihlanu";
5 ° Amanqaku L. 821-3 kunye noL. 821-4 abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 821-3. Isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo singadityaniswa nezixhobo zomntu ochaphazelekayo kwaye, ukuba kufanelekile, kwiqabane lakhe, iqabane elihlalisanayo okanye iqabane kubambiswano lobambiswano lomda ngaphakathi komda wesilingi omiselweyo Ummiselo, owahluka ngokuya nokuba utshatile na, uyahlalisana okanye uliqabane kwisivumelwano sobumbano kwaye unoyena mntu okanye ngaphezulu abaxhomekeke kuye.
“Umvuzo weqela elinomdla othathwe kwimisebenzi yobungcali kwindawo yesiqhelo yokusebenza ayifakwanga kwinxalenye yezixhobo ezisetyenziselwa ukubala isibonelelo ngokwemigaqo ebekiweyo ngummiselo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 821-4. Isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo sinikezelwe, ixesha elimiselwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente, ngesigqibo sekhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ezivavanya inqanaba ukungakwazi ukusebenza komntu okhubazekileyo ngokunjalo, kubantu abakhankanywe kwinqaku L. 821-2 yale khowudi, ukungakwazi kwabo, ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwabo, ukufumana umsebenzi.
"Ezi zibonelelo zongezelelweyo zikhankanyiweyo kwiNqaku L. 821-1-1 zinikiwe, ixesha elimiselwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente, ngesigqibo sekhomishini ekhankanywe kumhlathi wokuqala ovavanya ubungakanani bokungakwazi ukusebenza umthamo womntu osebenzayo.
“Isongezelelo sokuphila ngokuzimeleyo esikhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 821-1-2 sinikiwe, ixesha elimiselwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente, ngesigqibo sekomiti enye. ";
6 ° Inqaku L. 821-5 lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
a) Ekupheleni kwesivakalisi sesibini kumhlathi wokuqala, amagama athi: "wabakhubazekileyo" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "wabantu abakhubazekileyo";
b) Kwisiqendu sesithandathu, la magama athi: "kweli nqaku nakwinqaku L. 821-1 ukuya kuL. 821-3" kufakwe la magama: "kwesi sihloko";
c) Kwisiqendu sokugqibela, amagama athi: "kunye nokugqibezela kwawo" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: “, izixhobo ezongezelelweyo kunye nesongezelelo sokuphila ngokuzimela”;
7 ° Inqaku L. 821-6 lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
a) Kumhlathi wokuqala, la magama athi: "kubantu abakhubazekileyo bahlaliswe ngexabiso elipheleleyo okanye elilinganiselweyo loncedo lwezentlalo okanye abalaliswe esibhedlele kwiziko lokhathalelo, okanye abagcinwayo" athatyathelw 'indawo ngala magama: "kubantu abakhubazekileyo abahlaliswe kwindawo yoluntu. okanye kwezonyango okanye kwezonyango okanye esibhedlele kwiziko lezempilo, okanye ukugcinwa ”, kunye namagama athi:“ ukunqunyanyiswa, ngokupheleleyo okanye ngokuyinxenye, ”athatyathelw’ indawo ligama: “uncitshisiwe”;
b) Umhlathi wesibini uyacinywa;
8 ° Emva kwenqaku L. 821-7, inqaku L. 821-7-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 821-7-1. Ulwabiwo olubonelelwe sesi sihloko lunokuba ngumxholo wangaphambili kwicala elilawulayo kumalungelo afanelekileyo ukuba, ekupheleni kwexesha lokuhlawula, ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. I-146-9 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neeNtsapho khange igwebe ngokufaneleka kwesicelo sokuhlaziya. ";
9 ° Inqaku L. 821-9 liyarhoxiswa;
10 ° Kumhlathi wokuqala nowesibini weSiqendu L. 821-7, amagama athi: “kunye nesincedisi sawo” athatyathelw ’indawo ngamagama athi:“, izibonelelo ezongezelelweyo kunye nokwanda kokuphila ngokuzimela ”.
II. - Kumhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 244-1 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, amagama athi: "noL. 821-7" athatyathelwe indawo zizalathiso: ", L. 821-7 kunye no-L. . 821-8 ”.

Isiqendu 17

Amanqaku uL. 243-4 ukuya ku-243-6 weKhowudi yoLuntu kunye neKhowudi yamaKhaya abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 243-4. - Nawuphi na umsebenzi okhubazekileyo ohleli kwiziko okanye kwinkonzo ewela phantsi kwe-5 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1 izibonelelo ezivela kwinkxaso kunye nekhontrakthi yoncedo ngomsebenzi okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 311-4 no unelungelo lokufumana umvuzo oqinisekisiweyo ohlawulwe liziko okanye inkonzo yokuncedisa emsebenzini embambayo kwaye ethathela ingqalelo umsebenzi osisigxina okanye osisigxina. Ihlawulwa xa wamkelwa kwixesha lokuvavanywa komsebenzi okhubazekileyo, ngokuxhomekeke kwisiphelo sekhontrakthi yenkxaso kunye noncedo ngomsebenzi.
“Isixa sayo sigqitywa ngokubhekisa kumvuzo omncinci wokukhula, phantsi kweemeko nangaphakathi kwemida ebekwe ngummiselo.
“Ukunceda ukuhlawula umvuzo oqinisekisiweyo okhankanywe kumhlathi wokuqala, ukusekwa okanye inkonzo yoncedo lomsebenzi ifumana, umntu ngamnye okhubazekileyo apho ikhoyo, indawo yoncedo exhaswa nguRhulumente.
“Uncedo lomsebenzi luyahluka phantsi kweemeko ezibekiweyo ngummiselo, kuxhomekeke kwinxalenye yomvuzo oxhaswa ngeziko okanye inkonzo yoncedo lomsebenzi kunye nomsebenzi osisigxina okanye ongesosigxina. kwenziwa ngumntu okhubazekileyo. Imigaqo yolwabiwo loncedo lomsebenzi kunye nenqanaba lokuthatha inxaxheba kweziko okanye inkonzo yoncedo lomsebenzi kumvuzo wabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo igqitywa ngummiselo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 243-5. -Umvuzo oqinisekisiweyo okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 243-4 awunguwo umvuzo ngaphakathi kwentsingiselo yekhowudi yabasebenzi. Kwelinye icala, ithathwa njengomvuzo womsebenzi wokusetyenziswa kweNqaku L. 242-1 yeKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo, kunye nezibonelelo ezinxulumene nesiseko semirhumo kwisikimu seinshurensi yezentlalo kunye nemirhumo ehlawuliweyo. ipenshoni eyongezelelweyo. Le minikelo ibalwa ngokwesiseko esisisigxina okanye esonaqobo phantsi kweemeko ezichazwe ngummiselo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 243-6. -URhulumente uqinisekisa kumaqumrhu olawulo amaziko kunye neenkonzo zoncedo lomsebenzi, phantsi kweemeko ezimiselwe ngummiselo, imbuyekezo iyonke yeentlawulo kunye nemirhumo enxulumene nenxalenye yomvuzo oqinisekileyo ulingana noncedo kwisithuba esikhankanyiweyo. kwiNqaku L. 243-4. "

Isiqendu 18

I. - Kwisivakalisi sokuqala somhlathi wokugqibela (2 °) wenqaku L. 344-5 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, emva kwamagama athi: "iqabane lakhe, abantwana bakhe", kufakwe amagama : ", abazali bakhe".
II. - Isivakalisi sokuqala somhlathi wokugqibela (2 °) wenqaku elifanayo sigqitywa ngala magama: "hayi kummeli womntu, nakwisigqibo".
III. Umhlathi wokuqala wenqaku elifanayo ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Iindleko zokuhlala nokugcina abantu abakhubazekileyo, nokuba badala kangakanani, kumaziko akhankanywe ku-b we-5 ° no-7 ° we-I wenqaku uL. 312-1, ngaphandle abo babekwe kumaziko aphantsi kweCandelo L. 344-1, bahlawulwa ngu: ”.
IV. - Isivakalisi sokugqibela se-1 ° senqaku elifanayo sigqityiwe ngala magama: "kunye nenzala eyinkunzi eveliswe yimali ebekwe kwizivumelwano ekubhekiselwe kuzo nge-2 ° ye-I yenqaku le-199 leekhowudi ezifanayo".
V. - Emva kwenqaku elifanayo, inqaku L. 344-5-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-5-1. - Nawuphi na umntu okhubazekileyo okhe wahlaliswa kwelinye lamaziko okanye iinkonzo ezichazwe ku-7 ° I wenqaku L. 312-1 izibonelelo ezivela kumalungiselelo wenqaku L. 344-5 xa wayehlaliswe kwelinye lamaziko. kunye neenkonzo ezikhankanyiweyo kwi-6 ° I yenqaku L. 312-1 yale khowudi naku-2 ° wenqaku L. 6111-2 yekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu.
"Imigaqo yenqaku L. 344-5 yale khowudi ikwasebenza nakowuphi na umntu okhubazekileyo ogcinwe kwelinye lamaziko kunye neenkonzo ezikhankanyiweyo nge-6 ° I yenqaku L. 312-l lale khowudi. nakwi-2 ° yenqaku L. 6111-2 yekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu, kwaye isakhono sakhe sokulingana ubuncinci silingana nepesenti emiselweyo ngummiselo. "
VI. -Izibonelelo zeCandelo L. 344-5-1 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya isebenza kubantu abakhubazekileyo abamkelweyo, ngomhla wokupapashwa kwalo mthetho, kwelinye lamaziko okanye leenkonzo. okhankanywe ku-6 ° we-I wenqaku L. 312-1 yekhowudi efanayo okanye kwi-2 ° yenqaku L. 6111-2 yekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu, ngaphandle kokuba bayayifezekisa imiqathango ebekwe lelo nqaku .

ISIHLOKO IV: UKUFIKELELA (Amanqaku 19 ukuya ku-54)

Isahluko I: Ukufunda, imfundo ephezulu kunye nemfundo yezandla (amanqaku 19 ukuya ku-22)

Isiqendu 19

Kwisiqendu sesine seNqaku L.I-111-1 yeKhowudi yezeMfundo, emva kwamagama athi: "ebunzimeni", kufakwe la magama: ", nokuba yeyiphi na imvelaphi, ngakumbi impilo, ”.
II. - Kumhlathi wesithathu wenqaku uL. 111-2 wale khowudi inye, emva kwamagama athi: "ngokobuchule bakhe", kufakwe la magama: "kunye neemfuno zakhe ezithile".
III. Amanqaku uL. 112-1 kunye no-112-2 wekhowudi efanayo abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 112-1. Ukuhlangabezana nezibophelelo phantsi kwamaNqaku L. 111-1 kunye noL. 111-2, inkonzo yezemfundo yoluntu ibonelela ngesikolo, uqeqesho okanye uqeqesho oluphezulu lwabantwana, abakwishumi elivisayo kunye nabantu abadala abakhubazekileyo. okanye ukukhubazeka kwezempilo. Kwiindawo zakhe zobuchule, uRhulumente ubeka imithombo yezemali kunye neyabantu eyimfuneko kwimfundo yesiqhelo yabantwana, abakwishumi elivisayo okanye abantu abadala abakhubazekileyo.
"Nawuphi na umntwana okanye umntwana ofikisayo okhubazekileyo okanye onesiphene kwezempilo ubhalisiwe esikolweni okanye kwelinye lamaziko akhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 351-1, ikufutshane nekhaya lakhe, iziko lokuma.
“Njengenxalenye yeprojekthi yakhe, ukuba iimfuno zakhe zifuna ukuba afumane uqeqesho kwiinkqubo ezifanelekileyo, angabhalisa kwesinye isikolo okanye kwelinye iziko elikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 351-1 ngu igunya elilawulayo elinobuchule, kwisindululo sokusekwa kwereferensi yalo kunye nemvumelwano yabazali bayo okanye abameli bezomthetho. Olu bhaliso alukhupheli ngaphandle ukubuyela kwakhe kwindawo ekubhekiswa kuyo.
Ngokunjalo, abantwana nolutsha bahlaliswe kwelinye lamaziko okanye iinkonzo ezichazwe kwi-2 ° ye-I yeNqaku L. 312-1 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neeNtsapho okanye kwelinye lamaziko. ekhankanywe kwiNcwadi I yeSahlulo seSithandathu seKhowudi yezeMpilo kaRhulumente inokubhaliswa esikolweni okanye kwelinye lamaziko akhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 351-1 lale khowudi ngaphandle kwendawo yokujonga iincwadi, kufutshane indawo apho bahlala khona. Imiqathango evumela ubhaliso kunye nokuzimelela kulungiswa ngesivumelwano phakathi kwabasemagunyeni kwezemfundo nakwiziko lezempilo okanye kwezentlalo.
“Ukuba kunyanzelekile, banikwe iindlela zokufunda ezifundwe kumgama ophantsi kweliso loMphathiswa Wezemfundo.
“Olu qeqesho lwenziwa phambi kweminyaka yobudala yesikolo esisinyanzelo, ukuba usapho luyalufuna.
“Iyongezwa, njengoko kufuneka, ngemfundiso, ezengqondo, ezemfundo, ezentlalo, ezonyango kunye nezenzo ezihambelana nolungelelwaniso lweprojekthi eyenzelwe wena ebonelelwe kwinqaku uL. 112-2.
“Xa ukufundwa kwesiqhelo kugqitywe yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 yomgaqo wentsebenzo kunye neentsapho kodwa iimeko zokufikelela kwiziko ekubhekiswa kulo zenza kube nzima Iindleko ezongezelelekileyo ezibangelwe kukuthuthwa komntwana okhubazekileyo okanye umntwana ofikisayo aye kwindawo ekude kakhulu luxanduva lomasipala onobuchule bokwenza ukuba indawo ifikeleleke. Esi sibonelelo asikuthinteli ukusetyenziswa kweCandelo L. 242-11 lale khowudi inye xa ukungafikeleleki kwesethenjwa kungengonobangela weendleko zothutho.
“Ubugcisa. L. 112-2. -Ukuze kuqinisekiswe ikhosi yoqeqesho efanelekileyo, umntwana ngamnye okhubazekileyo, umntwana ofikisayo okanye umntu omdala unelungelo lokuvavanywa kwezakhono zabo, iimfuno zabo kunye namanyathelo aphunyezwe ngaphakathi kwesakhelo sale khosi, ngamathuba amiselweyo kwiimfuno zabo. imeko. Olu vavanyo lwenziwa liqela leenkqubo ezininzi ezikhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-8 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho. Abazali okanye abameli bezomthetho bomntwana banyanzelekile ukuba bathethe ngalo msitho.
“Kuxhomekeke kwiziphumo zovavanyo, umntwana ngamnye, umntu ofikisayo okanye umntu okhubazekileyo, kunye nosapho lwabo, banikwa ikhosi yoqeqesho engumbandela wesicwangciso sokufunda esisesakho kunye nohlengahlengiso oluyimfuneko. Ukukhuthaza, nanini na kunokwenzeka, uqeqesho kwizikolo eziqhelekileyo. Isicwangciso sokufunda esisesakho sibaluleke kakhulu kwisicwangciso sembuyekezo ekubhekiswe kuso kwiNqaku L. 146-8 seKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho. Iphakamisa imiqathango yezifundo zesikolo eziququzelelwe kunye namanyathelo avumela ukuhambelana nale ivele kwisicwangciso sembuyekezo. "
IV. - Emva kwenqaku L. 112-2 yale khowudi, inqaku L. 112-2-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 112-2-1. -Iikomiti zokubeka esweni zenziwa kwisebe ngalinye Babeka iliso kwizigqibo zeKomiti yamaLungelo ne-Autonomy yaBantu abaKhubazekileyo, ethathwe phantsi kwe-2 ° I yeNqaku L. 241-6 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neeNtsapho.
“La maqela abandakanya bonke abantu abafaka igalelo ekuphunyezweni kweprojekthi yesikolo esenzelwe wena ingakumbi ootitshala (o) abalawula umntwana okanye umntwana ofikisayo.
"Banakho, ngesivumelwano sabazali bakhe okanye abameli bakhe bezomthetho, ukucebisa kwikomiti ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 241-5 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho naluphi na uhlaziyo lokuqhelaniswa umntwana okanye umntwana ofikisayo babona beluncedo. "
V. - 1. Emva kwenqaku L. 112-2 yale khowudi, inqaku L. 112-2-2 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 112-2-2. - Kwimfundo nakwimfundo yesikolo yabantu abatsha abazizithulu, inkululeko yokuzikhethela phakathi konxibelelwano lweelwimi ezimbini, ulwimi lwezandla kunye nolwimi lwesiFrentshi, kunye nonxibelelwano ngesiFrentshi lilungelo. Ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente ulungisa, kwelinye icala, imiqathango yokusebenzisa olu khetho kubantu abancinci abazizithulu kunye neentsapho zabo, kwelinye icala, amanyathelo aza kuthathwa ngamaziko kunye neenkonzo apho imfundo ibonelelwa khona. ulutsha olungevayo ukuqinisekisa ukusetyenziswa kolu khetho. "
2. Inqaku lama-33 loMthetho oyiNombolo 91-73 kaJanuwari 18, 1991 elibeka phantsi izibonelelo ezinxulumene nempilo yoluntu kunye ne-inshurensi yezentlalo iyarhoxiswa.
VI. - Isahluko II seSihloko I seNcwadi I yeKhowudi yezeMfundo songezwa yinqaku L. 112-4 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 112-4. -Ukuqinisekisa ngamathuba alinganayo phakathi kwabaviwa, uhlengahlengiso kwiimeko zokuthatha ngomlomo, ezibhaliweyo, iimvavanyo ezibonakalayo okanye uvavanyo oluqhubekekayo lweemviwo okanye iimviwo zokhuphiswano zesikolo nakwimfundo ephakamileyo, eziyimfuneko ngenxa 'ukukhubazeka okanye ukukhubazeka kwezempilo, kubonelelwa ngummiselo. La malungiselelo anokubandakanya ngakumbi ukunikwa ixesha elongezelelweyo kunye nokuthathelwa ingqalelo kwazo ngethuba leemvavanyo, ubukho bomncedisi, isixhobo sonxibelelwano esiguquliweyo, ulungiselelo lwezixhobo ezifanelekileyo okanye ukusetyenziswa , ngumgqatswa, ngezixhobo zakhe buqu. "
VII. -Isahluko II seSihloko I seNcwadi I yekhowudi efanayo songezwa yinqaku L. 112-5 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Umzobo 112-5. - Ootitshala nolawulo, ulwamkelo, ezobuchwephesha kunye nabasebenzi benkonzo bafumana, kuqeqesho lwabo lokuqala kunye nokuqhubeka, uqeqesho oluthile ngokubhekisele kulwamkelo kunye nokufundiswa kwabafundi kunye nabafundi abakhubazekileyo kwaye kubandakanya ngokukodwa ulwazi malunga nokukhubazeka njengoko kuchaziwe kwinqaku L. 114 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho kunye neendlela ezahlukeneyo zokuxhasa imfundo. "

Isiqendu 20

Emva kwenqaku L. 123-4 lekhowudi yezemfundo, inqaku L. 123-4-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. UL. 123-4-1. Amaziko emfundo aphakamileyo abhalisa abafundi abakhubazekileyo okanye abanempilo enkenenkene, ngokwesakhelo semimiselo elawula ukufikelela kwabo ngendlela efanayo nabanye abafundi, kwaye baqinisekisa uqeqesho lwabo ngokwenza amalungiselelo ayimfuneko kwimeko yabo. umbutho, ukuqhuba kunye nenkxaso yezifundo zabo. "
II. Umhlathi wesithandathu wenqaku uL. 916-1 wale khowudi ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Ngendlela yokujongela phantsi umhlathi wokuqala, abancedisi kwezemfundo banokugaywa nguRhulumente ukuze benze imisebenzi yokuncedisa ekwamkeleni nasekuhlanganiseni abafundi abakhubazekileyo phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 351- 3, kunye nokwenza imisebenzi yokuxhasa abafundi abakhubazekileyo ababhalise kumaziko emfundo aphakamileyo akhankanywe kwiTitles I, II, IV kunye no-V weNcwadi VII yale Khowudi noncedo oluye lwamkelwa ukuba luyimfuneko ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho. "

Isiqendu 21

I. - Isihloko seSahluko I seTayitile V yeNcwadi III yeKhowudi yezeMfundo sifundeka ngolu hlobo: “Ukufunda”.
II. -I-Article L. 351-1 yale khowudi ifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 351-1. -Abantwana kunye nabakwishumi elivisayo abakhubazekileyo okanye abanengxaki yokukhubazeka kwezempilo bafundiswa kwizikolo zabantwana abancinci nakwizikolo zamabanga aphantsi nakumaziko ekubhekiselwe kuwo kumaNqaku L. 213-2, L. 214-6, L. 422-1, L. 422- 2 kunye L. 442-1 yale khowudi nakumanqaku L. 811-8 kunye noL. 813-1 wekhowudi yasemaphandleni, ukuba kukho imfuneko phakathi kweenkqubo ezihlengahlengisiweyo, xa olu hlobo lwesikolo luhlangabezana neemfuno zabafundi. Abazali babandakanyeka ngokusondeleyo kwisigqibo sokuqhelaniswa kwaye banokuncedwa ngumntu abamthandayo. Isigqibo sithathwa yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, ngokuvumelana nabazali okanye ummeli wezomthetho. Ukusilela oko, inkqubo yoxolelwaniso kunye nesibheno ebonelelwe kumaNqaku L. 146-10 kunye noL. 241-9 ale khowudi inye ayasebenza. Kuzo zonke iimeko naxa iimfuno zabo zithethelela, abafundi bayazuza kuncedo nenkxaso eyongezelelweyo eyimfuneko.
“Ukufundisa kukwabonelelwa ngabasebenzi abaqeqeshiweyo abafaka ingxelo kubuphathiswa abajongene nemfundo xa imeko yomntwana okanye yokufikisa ekhubazekile okanye ekhubazekile ngenxa yempilo ifuna ukuhlala kwiziko lezempilo okanye amaziko ezentlalo-ntle. Aba basebenzi ngaba ootitshala bakarhulumente bafumaneke kula maziko phantsi kwemeko ebonelelwe ngummiselo, okanye ootitshala babucala phantsi kwesivumelwano phakathi kwesiseko kunye noRhulumente phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe isihloko IV sencwadi IV.
“Ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente ubeka iimeko apho ootitshala abasebenza kumaziko oluntu phantsi kwegunya lecandelo elijongene nabantu abakhubazekileyo okanye abaphethe iidiploma ezikhutshwe ngabo banikezela ngale mfundo. "
III. -Icandelo L. 351-2 lekhowudi efanayo lilungisiwe:
1 ° Umhlathi wokuqala ubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-9 lomgaqo wezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho zichaza amaziko okanye iinkonzo okanye ngokukodwa ukusekwa okanye inkonzo ehambelana neemfuno zomntwana okanye okwishumi elivisayo okwaziyo ukumlungiselela. ";
2 ° Kumhlathi wesithathu, amagama athi: "ukubonelela ngemfundo eyodwa" ayacinywa;
Kwisiqendu sesibini, la magama athi: "amaziko emfundo ezizodwa" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "indawo emiselweyo okanye iinkonzo ezichazwe ku-3 ° no-2 ° we-I yeNqaku L. 12-312 loMgaqo iintshukumo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ”.
IV. -Icandelo L. 351-3 lekhowudi efanayo lilungisiwe:
1 ° Kumhlathi wokuqala, la magama athi: "ikhomishini yesebe lezemfundo ekhethekileyo" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho";
2 ° Kwesi siqendu sinye, emva kwesalathiso: "L. 351-1", kufakwe amagama: "yale khowudi";
3 ° Umhlathi wesibini ugqityiwe ngezivakalisi ezibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ukuba uncedo lomntu ngamnye oludinga umntwana okhubazekileyo alubandakanyi inkxaso yemfundo, aba bancedisi banokugaywa ngaphandle kweemfuno zemfundo. Bafumana uqeqesho olufanelekileyo. ";
4 ° Umhlathi wesithathu ubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
Benza imisebenzi yabo nabafundi ekuthe kubo uncedo lwabonwa njengeluyimfuneko ngesigqibo sekomiti ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-9 lomgaqo wentsebenzo kunye neentsapho. Ikhontrakthi yengqesho ikhankanya amagama ezikolo namaziko emfundo apho kunokwenzeka ukuba enze imisebenzi yazo. "

Isiqendu 22

Isiqendu L. 312-15 sekhowudi yemfundo songezwa ngamahlathi amabini abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ukufundiswa kwemfundo yoluntu kubandakanya, kwizikolo eziziiprayimari nezizisekondari, uqeqesho olunikezelwe ekuqondeni nasekuhloneleni iingxaki zabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokudityaniswa kwabo eluntwini.
“Izikolo zisebenzisana namaziko amkela abantu abakhubazekileyo ngenjongo yokukhuthaza ukutshintshiselana kunye neentlanganiso nabafundi. "

Isahluko II: Ingqesho, umsebenzi oguquliweyo kunye nomsebenzi okhuselekileyo (amaNqaku 23 ukuya ku-40)

Icandelo 1: Umgaqo wokungacalucaluli (amanqaku ama-23 ukuya kuma-25)

Isiqendu 23

Inqaku L. 122-24-4 leMigaqo yezaBasebenzi lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
1 ° Emva kwegama: "ukudlulisa", ukuphela komhlathi wokuqala kubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: “, ukuguqulwa kweendawo zokusebenzela okanye umbutho wexesha lokusebenza. ";
2 ° Emva komhlathi wokuqala, umhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo ufakiwe:
“Isivumelwano sengqesho somqeshwa singanqunyanyiswa ukuze simvumele ukuba alandele uqeqesho lokuqeqeshelwa umsebenzi kwakhona. "

Isiqendu 24

- Ekupheleni komhlathi wokuqala weNqaku L. 122-45 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, amagama athi: ", Ngaphandle kokungakwazi ukubhengeza ngugqirha osebenza phantsi kwesihloko IV seNcwadi II yale Khowudi," ziyacinywa.
II. Emva kwenqaku L. 122-45-3 yale khowudi, inqaku L. 122-45-4 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Umzobo 122-45-4. Umahluko kunyango olusekwe kukungakwazi ukusebenza okujongwa ngugqirha osebenza phantsi kwesihloko IV seNcwadi II ngenxa yemeko yezempilo okanye ukukhubazeka akubonisi lucalucalulo xa lunenjongo, luyimfuneko kwaye lufanelekile. .
“Amanyathelo afanelekileyo okunceda abantu abakhubazekileyo ajolise ekukhuthazeni impatho elinganayo ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 323-9-1 ayilulo ucalucalulo. "
III. Emva kwenqaku L. 122-45-3 yale khowudi inye, inqaku L. 122-45-5 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Umzobo 122-45-5. -Imibutho ehlala yenziwe iminyaka emihlanu ubuncinci, isebenza kwicandelo lokukhubazeka, inokuzisa nasiphi na isenzo somthetho esivela kumanqaku L. 122-45 kunye noL. 122-45-4, phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe linqaku L. 122-45, ngokuxhasa umgqatswa womsebenzi, uqeqesho okanye ixesha loqeqesho kwinkampani okanye umqeshwa wenkampani, ngokuxhomekeke ekubeni banokuthetheleleka ngesivumelwano esibhaliweyo esivela nomdla. Le yokugqibela inokuhlala ingenelela emzimbeni oqalwe ngumbutho kwaye iwuphelise nangaliphi na ixesha. "
IV. - Emva kwenqaku L. 323-9 yale khowudi, inqaku L. 323-9-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-9-1. -Ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuhlonitshwa komgaqo-nkqubo wokuphathwa ngokulinganayo ngokubhekisele kubasebenzi abakhubazekileyo abakhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 323-3, abaqeshi bathatha, ngokuxhomekeke kwiimfuno kwimeko yekhonkrithi, amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuvumela abasebenzi abakhankanyiweyo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye no-11 ° wenqaku L. 323-3 ukufikelela emsebenzini okanye ukugcina umsebenzi ohambelana nesiqinisekiso sabo, '' ukuqhuba okanye ukuqhubela phambili kuyo okanye ukuze uqeqesho olulungelelaniswe neemfuno zabo lubonelelwe, ngaphandle kokuba iindleko ezibangelwe kukusetyenziswa kwala manyathelo azihambelani, kuthathelwa ingqalelo izinto ezinokuthi zibuyisele ngokupheleleyo okanye Inxalenye yenkcitho eyenziwe kulo mba ngumqeshi.
"Olu ncedo lunokuhambelana ikakhulu nokulungiswa koomatshini okanye izixhobo, ukufakwa kwezixhobo zokusebenza, kubandakanya inkxaso kunye nezixhobo ezizezinye eziyimfuneko kubasebenzi abakhubazekileyo ukuba bahlale kwezi zikhundla, kunye nokufikelela kwiindawo zokusebenza. .
“Ukwala ukuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo ngokwentsingiselo yomhlathi wokuqala kunokubangela ucalucalulo olunentsingiselo yeNqaku L. 122-45-4. "
V. - Emva kwenqaku L. 212-4-1 yale khowudi, inqaku L. 212-4-1-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 212-4-1-1. Ngaphantsi kwamanyathelo afanelekileyo abonelelweyo kwinqaku L. 323-9-1, abasebenzi abakhubazekileyo abakhankanywe ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° wenqaku uL. Inzuzo engama-323-3, ngokwesicelo sabo, kulungiselelo lokucwangcisela umntu ngamnye ukulungiselela ukufikelela kwabo kwingqesho, umthambo wabo wobungcali okanye ukugcinwa kwengqesho yabo.
“Abantu abakhathalela abantu bosapho kunye nezizalwane zomntu okhubazekileyo baxhamla phantsi kweemeko ezifanayo kumalungiselelo ocwangciso lomntu ngamnye enzelwe ukunceda ukuxhasa lo mntu ukhubazekileyo. "

Isiqendu 25

I-Article L. 132-12 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi yongezwa ngemihlathi emibini ebhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Imibutho ekhankanyiweyo kumhlathi wokuqala iyahlangana ukuze ixoxisane, rhoqo emva kweminyaka emithathu, malunga namanyathelo ajolise kumdibaniso wobungcali kunye nokugcinwa kwemisebenzi yabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo. Uthethathethwano luhambelana ikakhulu neemeko zokufikelela kwingqesho, kuqeqesho lobungcali nokunyuselwa kunye neemeko zokusebenza, ulondolozo kwingqesho nengqesho.
“Uthethathethwano malunga nokudityaniswa kobungcali kunye nokugcinwa kwemisebenzi yabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo kwenzeka ngokwengxelo equlunqwe liqela lomqeshi elinikezela, kwicandelo ngalinye lomsebenzi, imeko ngokunxulumene nesibophelelo Ukuqeshwa kwabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo kulungiselelwe kwicandelo 1 kwisahluko III sesihloko II sencwadi III. "
II. -Icandelo L. 132-27 lekhowudi efanayo yongezwa ngemihlathi emithathu ebhalwe ngolu hlobo:
“Kwiinkampani ezikhankanywe kumhlathi wokuqala, umqeshi ukwacelwa ukuba aqalise, unyaka nonyaka, uthethathethwano ngamanyathelo aphathelene nokudityaniswa kobungcali nokugcinwa kwengqesho yabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo. Uthethathethwano luhambelana ikakhulu neemeko zokufikelela kwingqesho, uqeqesho lobungcali nokunyuselwa, iimeko zomsebenzi nezengqesho kunye nezenzo zokwazisa ngokukhubazeka kwabo bonke abasebenzi benkampani. .
“Uthethathethwano malunga nokudityaniswa kobungcali kunye nokugcinwa kwemisebenzi yabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo kwenzeka ngokwengxelo eyenziwe ngumqeshi ebonisa imeko malunga nesibophelelo sokuqesha abasebenzi abakhubazekileyo ekubonelelwe ngabo Icandelo 1 lesahluko III sesihloko II sencwadi III.
“Xa kungekho manyathelo avela kumqeshi isithuba esingaphaya kweenyanga ezilishumi elinambini kulandela uthethathethwano lwangaphambili, uthethathethwano kufuneka lwenziwe ngokwesicelo sombutho wabasebenzi abamele ixesha elimiselweyo kwinqaku L. 132-28; Isicelo sothethathethwano esenziwe ngumbutho wemanyano yabasebenzi sithunyelwa ngeentsuku ezisibhozo ngumqeshi kweminye imibutho emele oko. Xa isivumelwano esidityanelweyo kubandakanya amanyathelo atyikitywe kwinkampani, ubude beengxoxo bonyuswa ukuya kwiminyaka emithathu. "
III. - Emva kwegama elithi: "isihlobo", ukuphela kwe-3 ° yeNqaku L. 133-5 lekhowudi efanayo ifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: "kwiidiploma nakwizihloko zobungcali ezikhutshwe egameni likaRhulumente, ngaphandle kokuba ezi diploma kwaye izihloko zenziwe ngaphezulu konyaka; ".
IV. -Kwi-11 ° yenqaku L. 133-5 lekhowudi efanayo, amagama athi: "kubonelelwe kwinqaku L. 323-9" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama: "kubonelelwe kwinqaku L. 323-1, kananjalo ngamanyathelo okulungisa imeko okanye iiyure zomsebenzi, umbutho womsebenzi kunye nezenzo zoqeqesho ezijolise ekulungiseni ukungalingani okuchaphazela aba bantu ”.
V. - Kwi-8 ° yenqaku L. 136-2 yale khowudi inye, emva kwamagama athi: "okanye ugqatso," kufakwa la magama: "kunye namanyathelo athatyathiweyo elwela ilungelo lokusebenza kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ".
VI. - Kwi-III yenqaku le-12 lomthetho n ° 2003-775 ka-Agasti 21, 2003 malunga nohlengahlengiso lwepenshini, amagama athi: "kwelona xesha lokugqibela" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "kowesixhenxe".

Icandelo 2: Umdibaniso wobungcali kunye nokuzibophelela kwingqesho (amaNqaku 26 ukuya ku-36)

Isiqendu 26

I-Article L. 323-8-3 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi yongezwa ngemihlathi emithathu ebhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Qho ngonyaka kuvavanywa izinto ezenziwayo zokuhlanganisa abantu abakhubazekileyo ukuba babe ziimeko eziqhelekileyo, kupapashwa ingxelo yonyaka yemisebenzi kwaye kuxhomekeke kulawulo nakwezemali kuRhulumente.
“Isivumelwano seenjongo sigqityiwe phakathi koRhulumente nombutho okhankanywe kumhlathi wokuqala rhoqo kwiminyaka emithathu. Ngokuhambelana nemishini ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 323-8-4, esi sivumelwano sichaza ngakumbi ukuzibophelela ekubuyiseleni ekunikeni ukungaguquguquki phakathi kwamanyathelo omthetho oqhelekileyo wokuqeshwa kunye noqeqesho lomsebenzi kunye namanyathelo athile amkelwe umbutho kunye nezixhobo zemali eziyimfuneko ukufezekisa ezi njongo.
“Esi sivumelwano sikwachaza izinto eziphambili ngokubaluleka nemithetho-siseko yongenelelo kwinkonzo yengqesho yoluntu kunye nemibutho ekhethekileyo yokubeka umsebenzi. "
II. Emva kwenqaku L. 323-10 lekhowudi efanayo, inqaku L. 323-10-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-10-1. Isivumelwano sentsebenziswano sigqityiwe phakathi kombutho okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-8-3 kunye nengxowa-mali echazwe kwinqaku L. 323-8-6-1. Icacisa ngakumbi uxanduva lwamaqela ngokubhekisele kumaziko otyalo-mali akhethekileyo akhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 323-11. "
III. Inqaku L. 323-11 lekhowudi efanayo lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-11. - Amaziko okuqhelanisa kwangaphambili anceda ukubonelela ngesikhokelo somsebenzi kubasebenzi abakhubazekileyo.
"Imibutho yokubeka ekhethekileyo ejongene nolungiselelo, inkxaso kunye nokubeka iliso ngokuzinzileyo kwingqesho yabantu abakhubazekileyo ithatha inxaxheba kwinkqubo yokudityaniswa kobungcali kunye nenkxaso ethile ngexesha lokuziqhelanisa nesikhululo somsebenzi Abasebenzi abakhubazekileyo baphunyezwa nguRhulumente, inkonzo yengqesho yoluntu, umbutho okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-8-3 kunye nengxowa-mali ekubhekiswe kuyo kwinqaku L. 323-8-6-1 . Bamele bavunyelwe ngenxa yesi sizathu kwaye, phantsi kwale meko, banokufumana uncedo kulo mbutho ukhankanyiweyo kunye nengxowa-mali.
"Ukuqinisekisa ukungaguquguquki kwezenzo zenkonzo yengqesho yoluntu kunye nemibutho ekhethekileyo yokubeka indawo, kumiselwe inkqubo yokulawula kubandakanya uRhulumente, inkonzo yengqesho yoluntu, umbutho okhankanywe kwinqaku L 323-8-3, ingxowa-mali ekubhekiswe kuyo kwinqaku L. 323-8-6-1 kunye namaziko otyalo-mali akhethekileyo.
“Izivumelwano ezikhankanywe kumhlathi wesibini kufuneka zihambelane nezikhokelo ezibekiweyo zizivumelwano ezinikezelweyo kwiNqaku L. 323-8-3.
"Amaziko okuqhelaniswa nolwazelelelo kunye nemibutho ekhethekileyo yokubeka indawo ekhankanywe kumhlathi wokuqala nowesibini nayo ingena kwisivumelwano nendlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo abakhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-3 lezenzo zentlalo kunye neekhowudi zeentsapho ukuze zilungelelanise ungenelelo lwabo nabantu abakhubazekileyo. "
IV. -Ku-2 ° weNqaku L. 381-1 kunye no-5 ° weSiqendu L. 542-1 seKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo, kufakwe amagama athi: "L. 323-11 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi" ngamagama: "L. 241-5 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho".
V. - Emva kwenqaku L. 323-11 yekhowudi yabasebenzi, inqaku L. 323-11-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-11-1. -URhulumente, inkonzo yengqesho yoluntu, umbutho ekubhekiswe kuwo kwinqaku L. 323-8-3, ingxowa-mali ekubhekiswe kuyo kwinqaku L. 323-8-6-1, amabhunga emimandla, imibutho yokhuseleko kwezentlalo, imibutho yabasebenzi kunye nemibutho emele abantu abakhubazekileyo ichaza kwaye iphumeze imigaqo-nkqubo emanyeneyo yokufikelela kuqeqesho lobugcisa kunye nesiqinisekiso sabantu abakhubazekileyo ezijolise ekudaleni iimeko ezihlangeneyo zokusebenzisa ilungelo umsebenzi wabantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Le migaqo-nkqubo ijolise ekuchongeni nasekulinganiseni iimfuno zoqeqesho zabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nomgangatho woqeqesho olunikezelwayo. Bakhuthaza ukusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo kweenkqubo ezahlukeneyo ngokuququzelela intsebenziswano phakathi kwemibutho yoqeqesho eqhelekileyo nemibutho eyilelwe ngokukodwa ukubuyekeza iziphumo zokukhubazeka okanye ukulungisa umonakalo.
"Ukuqinisekisa uluhlu olupheleleyo lweenkonzo zabantu abakhubazekileyo kuthathelwa ingqalelo uhlalutyo lweemfuno, ngokuhlonipha ngokukodwa ukubanakho kokuzikhethela kwaba bantu kwaye kuthathelwa ingqalelo ukusondela kweendawo zoqeqesho, inkqubo yeminyaka emininzi Wamkelekile kuqeqesho.
"Ukuze kuthathelwe ingqalelo imiqobo ethile yabantu abakhubazekileyo okanye ukubonakalisa ingxaki yezempilo, ukukhubazeka okwethutyana okanye ulwamkelo, ixesha lokuqeqeshwa kunye neendlela zokuqinisekisa uqeqesho lobungcali zibonelelwa phantsi kweemeko ezibekiweyo. ummiselo. "

Isiqendu 27

-I-Article L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi yongezwa nge-10 ° kunye ne-11 ° ebhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“I-10 ° Abanini bekhadi lokungafaneleki elichazwe kwinqaku L. 241-3 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho;
I-11 ° Abanini besibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo. "
II. -I-Article L. 323-4 yale khowudi ifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-4. Inani elipheleleyo labasebenzi elikhankanyiweyo kumhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 323-1 libalwa ngokweendlela ezichazwe kwinqaku L. 620-10.
"Ukubala inani labaxhamli beli candelo, ngokususa kumalungiselelo wenqaku L. 620-10, bathi abaxhamli babala iyunithi enye ukuba bebekhona iinyanga ezintandathu ubuncinci kwezi nyanga zilishumi elinambini zidlulileyo. Nokuba yeyiphi na ikhontrakthi yengqesho okanye ubude bayo, ngaphandle kwalabo baphantsi kwesivumelwano sengqesho sethutyana okanye enziwe yafunyanwa yinkampani yangaphandle ethathelwa ingqalelo ngokuhambelana nexesha labo kwinkampani e kwinyanga ezilishumi elinambini ezidlulileyo. "
III. -Icandelo L. 323-8-2 lekhowudi efanayo lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
1 ° Amagama athi: “; Ixabiso leli galelo, elinokwahluka ngokokusebenza kwenkampani, libekwe ngumyalelo odibeneyo woMphathiswa ophethe ingqesho kunye noMphathiswa ophethe uhlahlo-lwabiwo mali, ngaphakathi komda ophindwe ka-500 kumvuzo weyure Ubuncinane bokukhula komntu ngamnye ngendlalifa engasebenzi ”kuyacinywa;
2 ° Yongezwa ngemihlathi emithathu ebhalwe ngolu hlobo:
“Ixabiso leli galelo linokuhlengahlengiswa ngokokusebenza kwenkampani kunye nemisebenzi efuna iimeko ezizodwa zobuchule, ezimiswe ngummiselo, ezihlala abasebenzi benkampani. Ikwaqwalasele iinzame ezenziwe yile nkampani ngokubhekisele ekugcineni umsebenzi okanye ukugaya ngqo abaxhamli beli candelo, ngakumbi abo baxhamlayo umlawuli weSebe lezeMisebenzi, ingqesho kunye ukuqeqeshelwa umsebenzi, emva kwengcebiso enokubakho evela kumhloli wezemisebenzi, kwabonwa ubunzima bokhubazeko, okanye kwabaxhamli beli candelo abahlangabezana nobunzima bokufumana ingqesho.
“Iindlela zokubala igalelo, ezingenakugqitha kumyinge ophindwe kumyinge wama-600 kumyinge ophantsi wokukhula komvuzo kumxhamli ngamnye ongasebenziyo, zibekwe ngummiselo. Kwiinkampani ezingakhange zibambe naliphi na indlalifa kwimbophelelo yengqesho ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-3, azingenanga nakwisiphi na isivumelwano ekuthethwe ngaso kwinqaku L. 323-8 okanye azisebenzi nasiphi na isivumelwano. kukhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-8-1 kangangexesha elingaphezulu kweminyaka emithathu, umda wokufaka igalelo uphakanyiswa phantsi kweemeko ezichazwe ngummiselo ukuya kuma-1 amaxesha omvuzo omncinci wokukhula ngeyure.
"Kodwa ke ngexa lingaxhuzulwa kwisixa-mali salo mnikelo, ngeenjongo zokwenza ukuba abaqeshi bakwazi ukuyenza inxenye yengqesho esekwe kwiNqaku L. 323-1, inkcitho ekungenwe kuyo ngqo yile nkampani kwaye yenzelwe ukukhuthaza ukwamkelwa, ukudityaniswa okanye ukugcinwa kwengqesho yabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo ngaphakathi kwenkampani okanye ukufikelela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kubomi bobungcali obungangeni phantsi komthetho okanye ulungiselelo . Uncedo olubonakaliswe kolu xhuzulo alunakho ukudityaniswa noncedo olunikezwe ngeenjongo ezifanayo ngumbutho okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-8-3. Uhlobo lwenkcitho esele ikhankanyiwe kunye neemeko ezinokutsalwa phantsi kwazo kwimali yegalelo zichazwe ngummiselo. "
IV. Inqaku L. 323-12 lekhowudi efanayo liyarhoxiswa.
V. - Kumhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 323-8-1 yale khowudi inye, emva kwamagama athi: "ngokusebenzisa isivumelwano sesebe,", kufakwe amagama: "ka iqela, ”.
Inqaku elifanayo longezwa ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Kuyavunywa ixesha lesivumelwano. "
VI. - Kwinqaku L. 323-8-6 yale khowudi inye, emva kwamagama athi: “igalelo elimiselwe ngu”, kufakwa amagama athi: “isivakalisi sokugqibela somhlathi wesine ka” sifakiwe.
VII. - Kwisivakalisi sokuqala senqaku L. 323-7 yale khowudi, amagama athi: "ukubala ngaphezulu kwesinye kwisicelo senqaku L. 323-4" ayacinywa.

Isiqendu 28

Emva komhlathi wokuqala weNqaku L. 351-1-3 yeKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo, emva komhlathi wokuqala weNqaku L. 634-3-3 yekhowudi efanayo nasemva komhlathi wokuqala Inqaku L. 732-18-2 yeKhowudi yasemaPhandleni, umhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo ufakiwe:
“Ipenshoni yamaqela anomdla ayonyuswa ngokwexesha elinikezela imirhumo ethathelwe ingqalelo, phantsi kweemeko ezichazwe ngummiselo. "
II. -Icandelo I leCandelo L. 24 leKhowudi yePensheni yoMhlala-phantsi naseMkhosini yongezwa nge-5 ° ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"I-5 ° imeko yeminyaka engamashumi amathandathu ebonakala kwi-l ° yehlisiwe phantsi kweemeko ezimiselwe ngummiselo wabasebenzi bakarhulumente abakhubazekileyo, ngelixa babebandezeleka ngenxa yokungakwazi ukusebenza ngokusisigxina okungenani i-80%, ixesha i-inshurensi ubuncinci ilingana nomda omiswe ngummiselo, konke okanye inxenye yeli xesha linike ukuhlawulwa kokutsalwa kwepenshini.
"Amagosa ekubhekiswa kuwo kumhlathi owandulelayo axhamla kwipenshini ebalwe ngokwenani leendawo zokuhlala eziyimfuneko ukufumana ezona pesenti ziphezulu zikhankanyiweyo kumhlathi wesibini we I wenqaku uL. 13."
III. -Izibonelelo ze-5 ° ze-I ze-Article L. 24 ye-Civil and Military Retirement Code Code ziyasebenza kubasebenzi bakarhulumente abasebenza kwi-National Pension Fund kubasebenzi bakamasipala ngokunjalo nakubasebenzi abalawulwa Ipenshoni yabasebenzi kumaziko amashishini aseburhulumenteni.

Isiqendu 29

Ikhowudi yokuthenga yoluntu iyahlonyelwa:
1 ° Isihloko secandelo 3 kwisahluko III sesihloko III sifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: "Iimeko zokufikelela kurhwebo laseburhulumenteni olunxulumene nemeko yezemali neyentlalo yabagqatswa, okanye ukuthobela uxanduva lwengqesho lwabasebenzi. ukukhubazeka okanye ubunzima beshishini ”;
2 ° Kwa eli candelo lesi-3 longezelelwa linqaku elibhalwe 44-1 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 44-1. Abantu abaphantsi koxanduva oluchazwe kwiNqaku L. 323-1 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi abathi, kunyaka ongaphambi kwalowo kuqaliswe ngalo, abavumelekanga ukuba bakhuphisane kwizivumelwano zoluntu. thethwano, khange basisayine isibhengezo ekubhekiswe kuso kwiNqaku L. 323-8-5 sale khowudi inye okanye khange babhatale igalelo ekubhekiswe kulo kwiNqaku L. 323- 8-2 yale khowudi. ";
3 ° Kumhlathi wesibini wenqaku 52, emva kwesalathiso: "44", isalathiso sifakiwe: ", 44-1";
4 ° Umhlathi wesibini (1 °) wenqaku 45 wongezwa ngamagama athi: "kunye nokuthobela uxanduva lokuqeshwa oluchazwe kwinqaku L. 323-1 lekhowudi yabasebenzi".

Isiqendu 30

Kumhlathi wesithathu wenqaku u-L. 1411-1 wekhowudi ngokubanzi yabasemagunyeni, emva kwamagama athi: "iziqinisekiso zobungcali nezemali", kufakwe la magama: ", intlonipho yabo kwisinyanzelo sokuqeshwa kwabasebenzi Abantu abakhubazekileyo abonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 323-1 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi ”.

Isiqendu 31

Umthetho n ° 83-634 kaJulayi 13, 1983 kumalungelo noxanduva lwabasebenzi bakarhulumente kulungiswa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
I-1 ° 5 ° yenqaku 5 kunye ne-4 ° yenqaku 5 bis igqityiwe ngala magama: "kuthathelwa ingqalelo amathuba okubuyisa ukukhubazeka";
2 ° Emva kwenqaku le-6 quinquies, inqaku le-6 sexies lifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Isondo ezi-6. -Ukuze uqinisekise ukuhlonitshwa komgaqo wokuphathwa ngokulinganayo ngokubhekisele kubasebenzi abakhubazekileyo, abaqeshi ekubhekiswa kubo kwi-Article 2 bathatha, ngokweemfuno kwimeko ebonakalayo, amanyathelo afanelekileyo okwenza ukuba abasebenzi abakhankanywe ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye no-11 ° weSiqendu L. 323-3 seKhowudi yomSebenzi yokufumana umsebenzi okanye ukugcina umsebenzi ohambelana nesiqinisekiso sabo, '' ukuzilolonga kunye nenkqubela phambili kuyo okanye ukuze bafumane uqeqesho olulungiselelwe iimfuno zabo, ngaphandle kokuba iindleko ezibangelwe kukusetyenziswa kwale milinganiselo azihambelani, ngakumbi kuthathelwa ingqalelo izinto ezinokunceda kuzo zonke okanye inxenye yenkcitho eyenziwe kulo mba ngumqeshi. ";
3 ° Emva kwenqaku 23, inqaku 23 bis lifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 23 bis. -Urhulumente ungenisa, unyaka nonyaka, kwi-ofisi yeendibano zepalamente, ingxelo, equlunqwe emva koluvo lwamabhunga aphezulu aseburhulumenteni, abemi benkonzo yoluntu kunye nesibhedlele. ukuqeshwa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kuwo omathathu amathuba oluntu. "

Isiqendu 32

Umthetho n ° 84-16 kaJanuwari 11, 1984 kumalungiselelo asemthethweni ngokunxulumene nenkonzo yaseburhulumenteni ilungiswa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
1 ° Inqaku lama-27 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 27. - I. - Akukho mgqatswa othe waqwalaselwa kwindawo yokusebenza eqhelekileyo yikhomishini ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 146-9 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho, ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwakhe, uviwo lokukhuphisana okanye umsebenzi wenkonzo yoluntu, ngaphandle kokuba ukukhubazeka kwakhe kuye kwabhengezwa ukuba akuhambelani nesithuba esithunyelwe emva koviwo lwezonyango olujolise ekuvavanyeni ukukwazi ukwenza umthambo. umsebenzi wakhe, owenziwe ngokusetyenziswa kwamalungiselelo e-5 ° wenqaku 5 okanye 4 ° wenqaku 5 bis yetayitile I yomthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente.
"Imida yobudala obuphezulu emiselweyo ukufikelela kumabakala nakwizithuba zikarhulumente ezilawulwa yimimiselo yesi sahluko aziphikisani nabantu abakhankanywe ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye I-11 ° yeNqaku L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yabasebenzi
"Abantu abangasangeni kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° wenqaku elifanayo L. 323-3 banokuzuza kunciphiso Imida yobudala ekhankanywe apha ngasentla ilingana nexesha lonyango kunye nokhathalelo ekwakufuneka belenzile xa bewela kolunye lwezi ndidi. Eli xesha alinakugqitha kwiminyaka emihlanu.
"Ukuncitshiswa kwemigaqo eqhelekileyo yokuqhutywa kokhuphiswano neemviwo kubonelelwe ngolandelelwano, ngokukodwa, ukulungiselela ukumiliselwa kwexesha kunye nokwahlulwa kweemvavanyo ngokwendlela ebonakalayo yabaviwa okanye ukubanika uncedo lomntu nolobuchwephesha oluyimfuneko oluchazwe ngabo ngexesha ubhaliso lwabo. Ixesha elaneleyo lokuphumla linikwe ngokukodwa aba baviwa, phakathi kovavanyo ezimbini ezilandelelanayo, ukwenzela ukuba bavunyelwe ukuba babhale phantsi kweemeko ezihambelana neendlela zabo ezibonakalayo.
"II. -Abantu abakhankanyiweyo kwi-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye ne-11 ° yenqaku L. 323-3 yekhowudi yabasebenzi banokuqeshwa njengearhente yesivumelwano kwizikhundla. yamacandelo A, B no-C kwithuba elihambelana nexesha loqeqesho olunikezelweyo ngummiselo othile womzimba ekujongwe ukuba umiselwe kuwo. Ikhontrakthi iyavuseleleka, kangangexesha elingenakugqitha ixesha lokuqala lekhontrakthi. Ukuphela kweli xesha, amaqela anomdla amiselwe kwimeko yokuba ahlangabezane neemeko ezifanelekileyo zokwenza umsebenzi.
"Imimiselo yomhlathi owandulelayo isebenza kumanqanaba alinganayo neLa Poste, umqhubi woluntu owenziwe ngumthetho n ° 90-568 kaJulayi 2, 1990 ngokunxulumene nombutho wabasebenzi bakarhulumente weposi kunye neFrance Telecom .
"Ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente ulungisa iindlela zokusetyenziswa kwemihlathi emibini eyandulelayo, ngakumbi imeko ezantsi zediploma efunekayo ekugayweni njengearhente yesivumelwano kwizigaba A no-B, iindlela zokuqinisekisa ukufaneleka kwangaphambili ukugaywa kwabantu kwicandelo C, imiqathango yokuvuselelwa kwesivumelwano, iindlela zokuvavanya, ngaphambi kwexesha, lokuba namandla okwenza imisebenzi.
“Le ndlela yokugaya abasebenzi ayivulelekanga kubantu abakwisikhundla sokuba ngabasebenzi bakarhulumente.
“III. Abasebenzi bakhubazekileyo abakwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo kwi-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye no-11 ° kwiNqaku L. Kwinqaku le-323 sexies yesihloko I semigaqo yabasebenzi ngokubanzi. ";
2 ° Kwinqaku lama-60, la magama athi: "ukuba nenqanaba lomsebenzi okhubazekileyo owamkelweyo yikomiti ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 323-11 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi" athatyathelwe indawo ngala magama: "abantu abakhubazekileyo abawela phantsi kweendidi ezichazwe ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° wenqaku L. 323-3 lekhowudi yabasebenzi ”;
Kwinqaku lama-3, la magama: "aqondwa njengabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo yikomiti ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 62-323 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi" athatyathelw 'indawo ngala magama: "abakhubazekileyo abawela kwelinye lodidi ekubhekiswe kulo 11 °, 1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 ° kunye no-10 ° wenqaku L. 11-323 lekhowudi yabasebenzi ”;
4 ° Emva komhlathi wokuqala weNqaku 37 bis, umhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo ufakiwe:
Ugunyaziso lokwenza inkonzo yexeshana inikwa ngokuzenzekelayo kumagosa awela ngokwamacandelo ekubhekiselwe kuwo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° naku-11 ° weNqaku L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yoMsebenzi, emva kokubonisana nogqirha wothintelo. ";
5 ° Emva kwenqaku 40 bis, inqaku 40 ter lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 40 ter. Ukucwangciswa kwamalungiselelo okuququzelela ubuchule babo okanye ukugcinwa kwabo emsebenzini banikezelwa ngokwesicelo sabo kubasebenzi bakarhulumente abakhubazekileyo abawela kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo kwi-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 ° , I-10 ° kunye ne-11 ° yeNqaku L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, ukuya kuthi ga ngokuhambelana ngokupheleleyo neemfuno zomsebenzi wenkonzo.
"Amalungiselelo okucwangcisa ayanikezelwa nakweliphi na igosa, ngokwesicelo sakhe, kangangoko kuya kuhambelana neemfuno zenkonzo, ukumenza akwazi ukukhapha umntu okhubazekileyo, iqabane lakhe, iqabane lakhe, umntu athe wagqiba isivumelwano sobumbano, umntwana oxhomekeke kuye, umntu onyukayo okanye umntu owamkelweyo ekhayeni lakhe kwaye efuna ubukho bomntu wesithathu. "

Isiqendu 33

Umthetho n ° 84-53 kaJanuwari 26, 1984 kumalungiselelo asemthethweni ngokunxulumene nenkonzo yommandla woluntu uyalungiswa:
1 ° Inqaku lama-35 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 35. -Akukho mgqatswa othe waqwalaselwa kwindawo yokusebenza eqhelekileyo yikhomishini ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 146-9 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neeNtsapho angavunyelwa ngaphandle, ngenxa ukukhubazeka kwakhe, ukuvavanywa kukhuphiswano okanye ukuqeshwa kwinkonzo yoluntu, ngaphandle kokuba ukukhubazeka kwakhe kubhengezwe kungahambelani nesithuba esifunwayo emva kovavanyo lwezonyango olujolise ekuvavanyeni ukufaneleka kwakhe ukwenza imisebenzi yakhe, kuqhutywa kusetyenziswa imiqathango ye-5 ° yeNqaku 5 okanye 4 ° yeNqaku 5 bis yeTayitile I yemiGaqo yabaSebenzi Jikelele.
"Iimeko zokuqina komzimba ezichazwe kwi-5 ° yenqaku lesi-5 lesihloko I somthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente zilungiswa ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente.
"Imida yeminyaka ephezulu emiselwe ukufikelela kwimisebenzi kuluntu nakwezamaziko ayiphikisani nabantu ekubhekiselwe kubo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° naku-11 ° wenqaku. L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yabasebenzi.
"Abantu abangasekhoyo kwelinye lamacandelo akhankanyiweyo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° wenqaku elifanayo L. 323-3 banokuzuza kunciphiso Imida ekhankanywe apha ngasentla ilingana nexesha lonyango kunye nenkathalo ekufuneka beyenzile xa bewele kwelinye lala mahlelo. Eli xesha alinakugqitha kwiminyaka emihlanu.
"Ukuncitshiswa kwemigaqo eqhelekileyo yokuqhutywa kokhuphiswano neemviwo kubonelelwe ngolandelelwano, ngokukodwa, ukulungiselela ukumiliselwa kwexesha kunye nokwahlulwa kweemvavanyo ngokwendlela ebonakalayo yabaviwa okanye ukubanika uncedo lomntu nolobuchwephesha oluyimfuneko oluchazwe ngabo ngexesha ubhaliso lwabo. Ixesha elaneleyo lokuphumla linikwe ngokukodwa aba baviwa, phakathi kovavanyo ezimbini ezilandelelanayo, ukwenzela ukuba bavunyelwe ukuba babhale phantsi kweemeko ezihambelana neendlela zabo ezibonakalayo.
Abasebenzi bakarhulumente abakhubazekileyo abawela kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° kwiNqaku L. 323-3 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi bayazuza kumalungiselelo abonelelweyo Kwinqaku le-6 sexies yesihloko I semigaqo yabasebenzi ngokubanzi. ";
2 ° Emva kwenqaku 35, inqaku 35 bis lifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Iibhanti ezingama-35. -Ingxelo ebonelelweyo kumhlathi wesibini weNqaku L. 323-2 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi inikezelwe kwindibano yeengxoxo emva kokubonisana nekomiti edibeneyo yobugcisa. ";
3 ° Imihlathi emibini yokugqibela yeNqaku 38 ithathelwe indawo yimihlathi emithathu ebhalwe ngolu hlobo:
"Abantu abakhankanywe ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye no-11 ° wenqaku L. 323-3 yekhowudi yabasebenzi banokuqeshwa njengearhente yesivumelwano kwizikhundla. yamacandelo A, B no-C kangangexesha elingqamene nexesha lokuqeqeshelwa umsebenzi okubonelelwe yimeko eyodwa yesakhelo sengqesho ekujongwe ukuba simiselwe. Ikhontrakthi iyaphinda ihlaziywe ixesha elingenakugqitha ixesha lokuqala lekhontrakthi. Ekupheleni kweli xesha, amaqela anomdla amiselwe kwimeko yokuba ahlangabezane neemeko ezifanelekileyo zokwenza umsebenzi.
"Ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente ulungisa iindlela zokusetyenziswa komhlathi owandulelayo, ngakumbi ubuncinci beemeko zediploma ezifunekayo ekufuneni njengearhente yesivumelwano kwizigaba A no-B, iindlela zokuqinisekisa ukufaneleka Phambi kokugaywa kwabantu kwicandelo C, iimeko zaso nasiphi na isivumelwano sokuvuselela ikhontrakthi, iinkqubo zokuvavanya, phambi kwexesha lokuhlala, ukubanakho ukwenza imisebenzi.
“Le ndlela yokugaya abasebenzi ayivulelekanga kubantu abakwisikhundla sokuba ngabasebenzi bakarhulumente. ";
Kwi-4 yomhlathi wokuqala weNqaku lama-54, la magama athi: "ukuba nenqanaba lomsebenzi okhubazekileyo owamkelweyo yikomiti ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 323-11 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi" athatyathelw 'indawo ngala magama: "Abantu abakhubazekileyo abawela phantsi olunye lweendidi ezikhankanywe ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° kwiNqaku L. 323-3 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi ”; kumhlathi wesibini wale nqaku, la magama: "aqondwa njengabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo yikomiti ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 323-11 lekhowudi yabasebenzi" athatyathelwe indawo ngala magama: "ukhubazekile owela kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo 1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye no-11 ° wenqaku L. 323-3 lekhowudi yabasebenzi ”;
5 ° Emva komhlathi wesibini weNqaku 60 bis, umhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo ufakiwe:
Ugunyaziso lokwenza inkonzo yexeshana inikwa ngokuzenzekelayo kumagosa awela ngokwamacandelo ekubhekiselwe kuwo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° naku-11 ° weNqaku L. I-323-3 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, emva kokubonisana nogqirha ovela kwinkonzo yamayeza oqeqesho kunye nokukhusela. ";
6 ° Emva kwenqaku i-60 quater, inqaku lama-60 quinquies lifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Ama-quinquies angama-60. Ukucwangciswa kwamalungiselelo okuququzelela ukusebenza kwabo ngobuchule okanye ukugcinwa kwabo emsebenzini banikezelwa ngokwesicelo sabo kubasebenzi bakarhulumente abakhubazekileyo abawela kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo kwi-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 ° , I-10 ° kunye ne-11 ° yeNqaku L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, ukuya kuthi ga ngokuhambelana ngokupheleleyo neemfuno zomsebenzi wenkonzo.
"Amalungiselelo okucwangcisa ayanikezelwa nakweliphi na igosa, ngokwesicelo sakhe, kangangoko kuya kuhambelana neemfuno zenkonzo, ukumenza akwazi ukukhapha umntu okhubazekileyo, iqabane lakhe, iqabane lakhe, umntu athe wagqiba isivumelwano sobumbano, umntwana oxhomekeke kuye, umntu onyukayo okanye umntu owamkelweyo ekhayeni lakhe kwaye efuna ubukho bomntu wesithathu. "

Isiqendu 34

Kumhlathi wokuqala wokuqala wenqaku lama-35 lomthetho n ° 2000-321 lomhla we-12 ku-Epreli 2000 ngokunxulumene namalungelo abemi kubudlelwane babo nabaphathi, amagama athi: "amabini okugqibela" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama: "abathathu Okokugqibela ".

Isiqendu 35

Umthetho n ° 86-33 kaJanuwari 9, 1986 ubeka izibonelelo ezisemthethweni ezinxulumene nenkonzo yesibhedlele sikarhulumente ke ngoko ilungiswa:
1 ° Inqaku lama-27 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 27. - I. - Akukho mgqatswa othe waqwalaselwa kwindawo yokusebenza eqhelekileyo yikhomishini ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 146-9 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho, ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwakhe, uviwo lokukhuphisana okanye umsebenzi wenkonzo yoluntu, ngaphandle kokuba ukukhubazeka kwakhe kuye kwabhengezwa ukuba akuhambelani nesithuba esithunyelwe emva koviwo lwezonyango olujolise ekuvavanyeni ukukwazi ukwenza umthambo. umsebenzi wakhe, owenziwe ngokusetyenziswa kwamalungiselelo e-5 ° wenqaku 5 okanye 4 ° wenqaku 5 bis yetayitile I yomthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente.
"Iimeko zokuqina komzimba ezichazwe kwi-5 ° yenqaku lesi-5 lesihloko I somthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente zilungiswa ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente.
"Imida yeminyaka ephezulu emiselwe ukufikelela kwimizimba okanye imisebenzi kumaziko ayiphikisani nabantu abakhankanywe kwi-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye ne-11 ° yenqaku. L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yabasebenzi.
"Abantu abangasekhoyo kudidi olunye ekubhekiselwe kulo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° wenqaku elifanayo uL. 323-3 banokuzuza kunciphiso Imida yobudala ekhankanywe apha ngasentla ilingana nexesha lonyango kunye nokhathalelo ekwakufuneka beye xa bewela kwelinye lala mahlelo. Eli xesha alinakugqitha kwiminyaka emihlanu.
"Ukuncitshiswa kwemigaqo eqhelekileyo yokuqhutywa kokhuphiswano neemviwo kubonelelwe ngolandelelwano, ngokukodwa, ukulungiselela ukumiliselwa kwexesha kunye nokwahlulwa kweemviwo ngokwendlela ebonakalayo yabaviwa okanye ukubanika uncedo lomntu nolobuchwephesha oluyimfuneko oluchazwe ngabo ngexesha ubhaliso lwabo. Ixesha elaneleyo lokuphumla linikwe ngokukodwa aba baviwa phakathi kovavanyo ezimbini ezilandelelanayo, ukuze babavumele ukuba babhale phantsi kweemeko ezihambelana neendlela zabo ezibonakalayo.
"Abasebenzi bakarhulumente abakhubazekileyo abawela kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° no-11 ° kwiNqaku L. 323-3 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi bayazuza kumalungiselelo abonelelweyo Kwinqaku le-6 sexies yesihloko I semigaqo yabasebenzi ngokubanzi.
"II. -Abantu abakhankanyiweyo kwi-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° kunye ne-11 ° yenqaku L. 323-3 yekhowudi yabasebenzi banokuqeshwa njengearhente yesivumelwano kwizikhundla. yamacandelo A, B no-C kwithuba elihambelana nexesha loqeqesho olunikezelweyo ngummiselo othile womzimba ekujongwe ukuba umiselwe kuwo. Ikhontrakthi iyavuseleleka, kangangexesha elingenakugqitha ixesha lokuqala lekhontrakthi. Ukuphela kweli xesha, amaqela anomdla amiselwe kwimeko yokuba ahlangabezane neemeko ezifanelekileyo zokwenza umsebenzi.
"Ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente ulungisa iindlela zokusetyenziswa komhlathi owandulelayo, ngakumbi ubuncinci beemeko zediploma ezifunekayo ekufuneni njengearhente yesivumelwano kwizigaba A no-B, iindlela zokuqinisekisa ukufaneleka Phambi kokugaywa kwabantu kwicandelo C, iimeko zaso nasiphi na isivumelwano sokuvuselela ikhontrakthi, iinkqubo zokuvavanya, phambi kwexesha lokuhlala, ukubanakho ukwenza imisebenzi.
“Le ndlela yokugaya abasebenzi ayivulelekanga kubantu abakwisikhundla sokuba ngabasebenzi bakarhulumente. ";
2 ° Emva kwenqaku 27, inqaku 27 bis lifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Iibhanti ezingama-27. -Ingxelo ebonelelweyo kumhlathi wesibini wenqaku L. 323-2 yekhowudi yabasebenzi inikezelwe kwibhodi yabalawuli emva kokubonisana nekomiti yezobugcisa esekwe. ";
Kwinqaku lama-3, la magama: "aqondwa njengabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo yikomiti ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 38-323 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi" athatyathelw 'indawo ngala magama: "Abantu abakhubazekileyo abawela kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo 11 °, 1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 ° kunye no-10 ° wenqaku L. 11-323 yekhowudi yabasebenzi ”;
4 ° Emva komhlathi wesibini wenqaku 46-1, umhlathi ubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
Ugunyaziso lokwenza inkonzo yexeshana inikwa ngokuzenzekelayo kumagosa awela ngokwamacandelo ekubhekiselwe kuwo ku-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 °, 10 ° naku-11 ° weNqaku L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, emva kokubonisana nogqirha. ";
5 ° Emva kwenqaku 47-1, inqaku 47-2 lifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 47-2. Ukucwangciswa kwamalungiselelo okuququzelela ukusebenza kwabo ngobuchule okanye ukugcinwa kwabo emsebenzini banikezelwa ngokwesicelo sabo kubasebenzi bakarhulumente abakhubazekileyo abawela kwelinye lodidi olukhankanyiweyo kwi-1 °, 2 °, 3 °, 4 °, 9 ° , I-10 ° kunye ne-11 ° yeNqaku L. 323-3 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, ukuya kuthi ga ngokuhambelana ngokupheleleyo neemfuno zomsebenzi wenkonzo.
"Amalungiselelo okucwangcisa ayanikezelwa nakweliphi na igosa, ngokwesicelo sakhe, kangangoko kuya kuhambelana neemfuno zenkonzo, ukumenza akwazi ukukhapha umntu okhubazekileyo, iqabane lakhe, iqabane lakhe, umntu athe wagqiba isivumelwano sobumbano, umntwana oxhomekeke kuye, umntu onyukayo okanye umntu owamkelweyo ekhayeni lakhe kwaye efuna ubukho bomntu wesithathu. "

Isiqendu 36

Umhlathi wokuqala weSiqendu L. 323-2 seKhowudi yaBasebenzi senziwe izilungiso:
1 ° Emva kwegama: "urhwebo", kufakwe amagama: ", umsebenzisi kawonke wonke uLa Poste";
2 ° Izalathiso: "L. 323-3, L. 323-5 kunye noL. 323-8" zithathelwe indawo zizalathiso: "L. 323-3, L. 323-4-1, L. 323-5 , L. 323-8 kunye noL. 323-8-6-1 ”.
II. Emva kwenqaku L. 323-4 lekhowudi efanayo, inqaku L. 323-4-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-4-1. Ukubala ireyithi yengqesho ebekwe kwinqaku L. 323-2, inani labasebenzi eliqwalaselweyo lenziwe ngabo bonke abasebenzi abahlawulwa ngumqeshi ngamnye okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-2 kwi EyoMqungu 1 kunyaka ophelileyo.
“Kubalo lwenqanaba lengqesho elikhankanyiweyo ngasentla, inani labaxhamli kwizibophelelo zengqesho lenziwe ngabo bonke abantu abakhankanyiweyo kumaNqaku L. 323-3 kunye noL. 323-5 ahlawulwa ngabaqeshi abakhankanyiweyo. kumhlathi odlulileyo ngoJanuwari 1 wonyaka odlulileyo.
Ukusetyenziswa kwemihlathi emibini eyandulelayo, iarhente nganye ibalwa njengeyunithi enye.
“Inqanaba lengqesho liyahambelana nabasebenzi abamiselwe kumhlathi wesibini xa kuthelekiswa nomhlathi wokuqala. "
III. Emva kwenqaku L. 323-8-6 yale khowudi inye, inqaku L. 323-8-6-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-8-6-1. - I. - Ingxowa mali yenzelwe ukudibanisa abantu abakhubazekileyo kwinkonzo karhulumente, ilawulwa yindawo yoluntu ebekwe phantsi kweliso likaRhulumente. Le ngxowa mali yahlulwe yangamacandelo amathathu abizwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"1 ° Icandelo" leNkonzo kaRhulumente;
"2 ° Icandelo" Inkonzo yoluntu yommandla;
"3 ° Icandelo" Inkonzo yesibhedlele sikarhulumente.
“Injongo yale ngxowa-mali kukukhuthaza ukudityaniswa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo emsebenzini kwimisebenzi yoluntu emithathu, kunye noqeqesho kunye nolwazi lweearhente ezinxibelelana nabo.
“Abaqeshi bakarhulumente abakhankanywe kwinqaku lesi-2 lesihloko I somthetho jikelele wabasebenzi bakarhulumente kunye nomsebenzisi kawonkewonke uLa Poste banokuxhamla kuncedo lwale ngxowa-mali, ngaphandle kweziseko zoluntu zorhwebo okanye zorhwebo.
“Ikomiti yesizwe, ebunjwe ngabameli babaqeshi, abasebenzi nabantu abakhubazekileyo, ichaza ngokukodwa izikhokelo malunga nokusetyenziswa kwemali evela kwingxowa-mali ziikomiti zengingqi. Ikomiti yesizwe ibhala ingxelo yonyaka ethi ingeniswe kumabhunga aphezulu enkonzo karhulumente, kwimimandla yoluntu nakwinkonzo yasesibhedlele, nakwiBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana labantu abakhubazekileyo.
"II. Abaqeshi abakhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 323-2 banokuzalisekisa uxanduva lokuqeshwa olusekwe kweli nqaku, ngokuhlawula ingxowa-mali yokuhlanganisa abantu abakhubazekileyo kwinkonzo karhulumente igalelo lonyaka lomntu ngamnye kubaxhamli beli candelo ebekufanele ukuba baqeshwe.
"Imirhumo ehlawulwe ngabaqeshi ekhankanywe kwinqaku lesi-2 lesihloko II somthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente kunye nomsebenzi kawonkewonke uLa Poste ihlawulwe kwicandelo" lenkonzo yoluntu ".
"Imirhumo ehlawulwe ngabaqeshi ekhankanywe kwinqaku lesi-2 lesihloko III somthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente ihlawulwe kwicandelo" Inkonzo yoluntu yommandla.
"Igalelo elihlawulwe ngabaqeshi elikhankanywe kwinqaku lesi-2 lesihloko IV somthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente lihlawulwe kwicandelo" Inkonzo yasesibhedlele.
“III. - Iikhredithi zecandelo "leNkonzo kaRhulumente" kufuneka zisetyenziselwe ukuxhasa ngezenzo ezenziweyo kwilinge labaqeshi elikhankanywe kwiNqaku 2 leTayitile II yomthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente kunye nomsebenzisi kawonkewonke uLa Poste.
Ulwabiwo lwecandelo "lenkonzo yoluntu" kufuneka lisetyenziselwe ukuxhasa ngezenzo ezenziweyo kwilinge labaqeshi abakhankanywe kwinqaku lesi-2 lesihloko III somthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente.
Ulwabiwo lwecandelo "lenkonzo yasesibhedlele" kufuneka lisetyenziswe ngokukodwa ukuxhasa ngezenzo ezenziweyo kwilinge labaqeshi abakhankanywe kwinqaku lesi-2 lesihloko IV somthetho ngokubanzi wabasebenzi bakarhulumente.
“Izenzo eziqhelekileyo kwimisebenzi emininzi yoluntu zinokuxhaswa ngezabelo ezisuka kumacandelo aliqela.
“IV. Igalelo elikhankanywe kwi-II yeli nqaku lifanelekile kubaqeshi abakhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-2.
“Kubalwa ngokusekelwe kwinani leeyunithi ezilahlekileyo ezichazwe nge-1 kaJanuwari kunyaka ophelileyo. Inani leeyunithi ezilahlekileyo liyahambelana umahluko phakathi kwenani labantu elihlawulwe ngumqeshi apho inani le-6% lisetyenzisiwe, lisondezwe kwiyunithi esezantsi, kunye nelabaxhamli kuxanduva lokuqeshwa olunikezelweyo Inqaku L. 323-2 ezihlawulwa ngokufanelekileyo ngumqeshi.
"Inani leeyunithi ezilahlekileyo lincitshisiwe ngenani leeyunithi ezilingana nesabelo esifunyenwe ngokwahlula imali yenkcitho ekungenwe kuyo ekusetyenzisweni komhlathi wokuqala weSiqendu L. 323-8 kunye nezo zabelwe amanyathelo athatyathiweyo ngenjongo yokuququzelela ukudityaniswa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo nabasebenza ngokukhubazeka kwinkonzo karhulumente ngomvuzo omncinci wonyaka ohlawulwa kubasebenzi abasebenza isigxina kwinkonzo yoluntu kuvavanywa nge-31 kaDisemba kunyaka ophelileyo. Inani leeyunithi ezilahlekileyo lincitshisiwe phantsi kweemeko ezifanayo ukuze kuthathelwe ingqalelo iinzame ezenziwe ngumqeshi zokulungiselela okanye ukugcina abantu abakhubazeke kakhulu emisebenzini.
“Imali yegalelo ilingana nenani leeyunithi ezilahlekileyo, liphindaphindwe ngeyunithi. Eli xabiso kunye neendlela zalo zokumodareyitha ziyafana, ngokuxhomekeke kubuchwephesha benkonzo yoluntu, kwezo zibonelelwe ngegalelo elichazwe kwinqaku L. 323-8-2.
“Kwiinkonzo zikarhulumente, igalelo libalwa kwinqanaba labo bonke abasebenzi abahlawulwa libhunga ngalinye.
“Abaqeshi abakhankanyiweyo kwinqaku le-L. 323-2, ungadlulanga umhla wama-30 ku-Epreli, kunye nomcwangcisi-mali kaNondyebo isibhengezo sonyaka esihamba nentlawulo yegalelo labo. Isibhengezo sonyaka sihlolwe ngumphathi wengxowa-mali.
"Xa kungekho bhengezo kunye nohlengahlengiso kwinyanga enye emva kwesaziso esisesikweni esithunyelwe ngumphathi wengxowa-mali, umqeshi uthathelwa ingqalelo njengongafezekisi uxanduva lomsebenzi. Isixa segalelo emva koko sibalwa ngokugcina umyinge we-6% yabo bonke abasebenzi abahlawulweyo. Kule meko okanye kwimeko yokungahlawuli okanye yokungabhatali ngokwaneleyo, umphathi wengxowa-mali ukhupha isihloko esinyanzelekileyo esiqokelelwa ngumgcini zincwadi-mali kaNondyebo woLuntu ngokwemigaqo esebenzayo ekubuyiseleni amatyala angaphandle kwirhafu nakwidomeyini.
"V. - Imiqathango yokusetyenziswa kweli nqaku ichazwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente. "

Icandelo 3: Indawo yokusebenzela eqhelekileyo (Isiqendu 37)

Isiqendu 37

Umhlathi wesibini nowesithathu weNqaku L. 323-6 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ukusetyenziswa komhlathi wokuqala, uncedo lunokunikezelwa ngesigqibo somlawuli wezabasebenzi, ingqesho kunye noqeqesho lomsebenzi, emva kwengcebiso evela kumhloli wezabasebenzi. Olu ncedo, olucelwe ngumqeshi, lunokwabiwa ngokweempawu zabaxhamli beli candelo, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente. Ixhaswa ngemali ngumbutho okhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-8-3. Olu ncedo alunakudityaniswa nokuncitshiswa kwegalelo elinikezelweyo ekuqeshweni komsebenzi ekubhekiswa kuwo kumhlathi wesithathu weNqaku L. 323-8-2.
“Lo mmiselo ukwabeka iimeko apho uncedo lunokunikwa phantsi kwabasebenzi abakhubazekileyo abakhetha ukwenza umsebenzi oziqeshileyo xa, ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwabo, imveliso yabo incitshisiwe. "

Icandelo 4: Iinkampani ezihleliweyo kunye nomsebenzi okhuselekileyo (amaNqaku 38 ukuya ku-40)

Isiqendu 38

- Kumanqaku L. 131-2, L. 323-8, L. 323-34, L. 412-5, L. 421-2 kunye noL. 431-2 weKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, amagama athi: "iindibano zocweyo kukhuselwe ”kufakwe amagama athi:“ iinkampani eziguquliweyo ”. KwiNqaku L. 323-32 (imihlathi yesibini neyokugqibela), amagama athi: "indawo yokusebenzela ekhuselekileyo" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama athi: "inkampani elungisiweyo".
II. - Ku-I no-II wenqaku lama-54 kwikhowudi yokuthengwa kwempahla yoluntu nakwisiqendu sesithathu senqaku 89 lekhowudi efanayo, amagama athi: "iindibano zocweyo ezikhuselekileyo" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamazwi athi: "iinkampani eziguquguqukayo".
III. Inqaku L. 323-29 lekhowudi yabasebenzi iyarhoxiswa
IV. -Icandelo L. 323-30 lekhowudi efanayo lilungisiwe:
1 ° Umhlathi wokuqala ubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Abantu abakhubazekileyo abakhokelwa kwimarike yezabasebenzi yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-9 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho ebonisa ukuba akunakwenzeka ukuba bamkelwe kwiziko okanye kwinkonzo ekhankanyiweyo I-5 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1 lekhowudi efanayo. ";
2 ° Umhlathi wesibini uyacinywa;
3 ° Umhlathi wesithathu ubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-9 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho zikhupha isigqibo esicingisisiweyo, kuthathelwa ingqalelo amathuba okwenyani okudibana, kuqhelwaniso nemarike yezabasebenzi okanye Ukwamkelwa kwiziko loncedo lomsebenzi. "
V. - Inqaku L. 323-31 lekhowudi efanayo libhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-31. Iinkampani eziguqulweyo kunye namaziko okusasaza umsebenzi wasekhaya anokwenziwa luluntu okanye imibutho yoluntu okanye yabucala kwaye ngakumbi ziinkampani zorhwebo. Okokugqibela, kufuneka benziwe njengabantu abahlukeneyo abasemthethweni.
“Batyikitya kunye nommeli kaRhulumente kulo mmandla isivumelwano seminyaka emithathu seenjongo ezifanele ukwamkelwa kwaye babonelele ngokukodwa ngoncedo lwezemali lonyaka, olunokubakho emva koncedo. Le khontrakthi ichaza iimeko apho kuye kwahlaziywa iimeko zoncedo lwasemva enyakeni, kwimeko yotshintsho kwinani labasebenzi.
“Baxhamla kuzo zonke iinkqubo ezilungiselelwe iinkampani nabasebenzi bazo. Uncedo lwezi zixhobo alunakho ukudityaniswa, kwisithuba esinye, kunye noncedo lwposi olukhankanyiweyo kumhlathi wokugqibela, nangalo naluphi na uncedo olunxulumene nento enye.
“Ukuthathela ingqalelo iindleko ezongezelelekileyo eziveliswa sisininzi sabantu abakhubazekileyo ngokusebenza okuncitshisiweyo, bakwafumana isibonelelo esithile, imiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo. Le nkxaso-mali ikwavumela ukubeka iliso kwezentlalo kunye noqeqesho oluthile lwabantu abakhubazekileyo emsebenzini.
“Bafumana, ngomsebenzi ngamnye okhubazekileyo ojolise kwintengiso yabasebenzi yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 yomgaqo wokuziphatha kwezentlalo kunye neentsapho abazisebenzisayo, uncedo olusisigxina, oluhlawulwa ngu uRhulumente, isixa kunye nemimiselo yolwabiwo emiselwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente. "
VI. -Icandelo L. 323-32 lekhowudi efanayo lilungisiwe:
1 ° Ekuqaleni komhlathi wokuqala, amagama athi: "Iqela elilawulayo lendibano yokusebenzela ekhuselweyo okanye ye" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama athi "Inkampani ehlengahlengisiweyo okanye i";
2 ° Kwisivakalisi sokuqala somhlathi wesibini, amagama athi: “, isiqinisekiso kunye nokusebenza kwakhe” athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: “kunye nesiqinisekiso sakhe”;
3 ° Isivakalisi sesibini, esesithathu nesokugqibela kumhlathi ofanayo ziyacinywa;
4 ° Umhlathi wesithathu ubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Lo mvuzo awunakuba ngaphantsi komvuzo omncinci wokukhula omiselwe kusetyenziswe amaNqaku L. 141-1 et seq. ";
5 ° Phambi komhlathi wokugqibela, umhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo ufakiwe:
“Umsebenzi kwinkampani elungisiweyo naye uyaxhamla kwizibonelelo zeTayitile IV yeNcwadi IV. "
VII. Emva kwenqaku L. 323-32 yale khowudi inye, inqaku L. 323-33 liphinde lamiselwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-33. - Kwimeko yokuhamba ngokuzithandela uye kwinkampani yesiqhelo, umqeshwa okhubazekileyo oshiya izibonelelo, kwimeko apho anqwenela ukubuyela kwinkampani ehlengahlengisiweyo, ukusuka kwindawo ephambili yokuqesha, imigaqo leyo emiselwe ngummiselo. "
VIII. - Kumhlathi wesibini inqaku L. 443-3-1 lekhowudi efanayo, amagama athi: "ukuwahlela, ekusebenziseni inqaku L. 323-11, kudidi oluhambelana nokukhubazeka okunzima okanye ukubhengeza ukuba nokuba yeyokusebenzela ekhuselekileyo, okanye yeziko loncedo ngomsebenzi "ithathelwe indawo ngamagama:" ukubhengeza, ekusebenziseni inqaku L. 241-6 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho , zezendawo okanye inkonzo ekhankanyiweyo nge-5 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1 lale khowudi inye ”.
IX. - Kwi-5 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1 lekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, amagama athi: "iindibano zocweyo ezichaziweyo ezikhuselweyo" zitshintshwe ngamagama athi: "iinkampani ezichaziweyo ezichongiweyo".
X. - Kumhlathi wokugqibela we-IV wenqaku lama-32 lomthetho n ° 2000-37 kaJanuwari 19, 2000 ngokunxulumene nokuncitshiswa kothethathethwano lwexesha lokusebenza, amagama athi: "iindibano zocweyo ezikhuselweyo" athatyathelwe indawo ngala magama: " iinkampani ezilungelelanisiweyo ”.

Isiqendu 39

I-Article L. 311-4 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya yongezwa ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Xa kugqityiwe kumaziko kunye neenkonzo zoncedo lomsebenzi ezikhankanyiweyo kwi-5 ° ye-I yeNqaku L. 312-1, isivumelwano sokuhlala esibonelelweyo kumhlathi ongaphambili kuthiwa" inkxaso noncedo ngomsebenzi. Le khontrakthi kufuneka ihambelane nekhontrakthi yemodeli esekwe ngummiselo. "
II. - Ifakiwe, emva kwenqaku L. 344-1 yale khowudi, inqaku L. 344-1-1 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-1-1. -Ukusekwa kunye neenkonzo ezamkela okanye ezixhasa abantu abadala abakhubazekileyo abangakhange bakwazi ukufumana ukuzimela ubuncinci bababonelela ngenkxaso yezonyango nezentlalo kunye nemfundo evumela ukuphuhliswa kwezinto abanokuzenza kunye nokufumana okutsha, kunye ubomi ukukhuthaza ukukhula kwabo kunye nophuhliso lwentlalo. Ummiselo umisela uxanduva lweli ziko kunye neenkonzo, ngakumbi ukwakhiwa kunye neziqinisekiso zamaqela ezifundo ezahlukeneyo ekufuneka enawo. "
III. Inqaku L. 344-2 lekhowudi efanayo lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-2. - Ukusekwa kunye neenkonzo zoncedo lomsebenzi zamkela abantu abakhubazekileyo ikomiti yabo ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 146-9 iqaphele ukuba amandla abo okusebenza awabavumeli, okwethutyana okanye ngokusisigxina, ngokusisigxina okanye ngokusisigxina , okanye ukusebenza kwinkampani eqhelekileyo okanye kwinkampani ehlengahlengisiweyo okanye kwiakhawunti yeziko lokusasaza umsebenzi ekhaya, okanye ukwenza umsebenzi ozimeleyo wobungcali. Babanika amathuba emisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yobungcali, kunye nenkxaso yezamayeza-kwezentlalo nakwezemfundo, ngeenjongo zokukhuthaza ukukhula kwabo kunye nophuhliso lwentlalo. "
IV. Emva kwenqaku L. 344-2 yale khowudi, amanqaku amahlanu L. 344-2-1 ukuya kuL. 344-2-5 afakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-2-1. - Ukusekwa kunye neenkonzo zenkxaso ngokwenza umsebenzi okanye ukukhuthaza ukufikelela kwizenzo zokugcina ulwazi, ukugcina impumelelo kwizifundo kunye noqeqesho lomsebenzi, kunye nezenzo zemfundo zokufikelela kwinkululeko. kunye nokuzibandakanya kubomi boluntu, ukuze kulungelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo ababamkelayo, phantsi kweemeko ezimiselwe ngummiselo.
Iinkqubo zokuqinisekisa amava afunyenwe ngaba bantu zimiselwe ngummiselo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-2-2. Abantu abakhubazekileyo abamkelweyo kwiindawo zokuncedisa emsebenzini kunye neenkonzo ziyaxhamla kwilungelo lokushiya, amalungiselelo ombutho lawo amiselwe ngummiselo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-2-3. Amalungiselelo eSiqendu L. 344-2-122 seKhowudi yaBasebenzi emalunga nekhefu lobukho babazali ayasebenza kubantu abakhubazekileyo abamkelweyo kumaziko nakwiinkonzo ekubhekiswe kuzo kwiNqaku L. 28-9.
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-2-4. Abantu abakhubazekileyo abamkelweyo kwiziko okanye kwinkonzo yokuncedisa emsebenzini banokuthi, ngokuhambelana nemigaqo yeNqaku L. 125-3 yeKhowudi yoMsebenzi kwaye ngokungqinelana nemigaqo nemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo, benziwe bafumaneke yeshishini ukuze uqhubeke nomsebenzi ngaphandle kwesiseko okanye inkonzo abahlala kuyo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 344-2-5. - Xa umntu okhubazekileyo ehleli kwiziko okanye kwinkonzo yoncedo lomsebenzi egqiba enye yeekhontrakthi zengqesho ebonelelwe kumaNqaku L. 122-2, L. 322-4-7 kunye noL. 322-4-8 ka Ikhowudi yabasebenzi, inokuxhamla, kunye nesivumelwano sayo okanye nesommeli wayo, kwisivumelwano phakathi kokusekwa okanye kwinkonzo yoncedo lomsebenzi, umqeshi wayo kunye nenkonzo yenkxaso yezentlalo. Esi sivumelwano sichaza imigaqo kunye neemeko zoncedo olunikezelweyo ngokusekwa okanye ngenkonzo yoncedo lomsebenzi kunye nenkonzo yenkxaso yentlalontle yomsebenzi okhubazekileyo kunye nomqeshi wakhe ngexesha lesivumelwano sengqesho umda wobude bexesha lonyaka ohlaziyekayo kabini kwithuba elifanayo.
"Kwimeko yokupheliswa kwesi sivumelwano sengqesho okanye xa singagunyaziswanga ngokuqinisekileyo ngumqeshi ekupheleni kwaso, umntu okhubazekileyo ubuyiselwa ngokuzenzekelayo kwindawo okanye kwinkonzo yoncedo Umsebenzi woqobo okanye, ukusilela oko, kwelinye iziko okanye inkonzo yoncedo lomsebenzi ekugqitywe kuyo isivumelwano ngale njongo. Isivumelwano esikhankanywe kumhlathi odlulileyo sikwabonelela ngeendlela zokubuyiselwa. "

Isiqendu 40

Emva kwecandelo 5 lesahluko III sesihloko I sencwadi III yenkqubo yezentlalo kunye neentsapho, icandelo 5 bis lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
«Icandelo 5 bis
Amalungiselelo ngokunxulumene nokulungiswa komsebenzi
“Ubugcisa. L. 313-23-1. - Ngaphandle kwamalungiselelo amaNqaku L. 212-1 kunye noL. 220-1 weKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, isivumelwano semibutho yabasebenzi sinokubonelela ukuba, kumaziko nakwiinkonzo ekubhekiselwe kuzo ku-2 °, 3 °, 5 °, 7 ° kunye , apho kufanelekileyo, i-12 ° I yenqaku L. 312-1 yale khowudi ebonelela abantu abakhubazekileyo, ubude beentsuku zokusebenza zabasebenzi abanoxanduva lokuxhasa abahlali zinokufikelela kwiiyure ezilishumi elinesihlanu, ngaphandle Ixesha elisebenzayo lemihla ngemihla lidlula iiyure ezilishumi elinambini. Esi sivumelwano sikwabeka ubuncinci bembuyekezo apho abasebenzi bachaphazelekayo baxhamla khona, ngakumbi ngendlela yamaxesha afanayo okuphumla.
"Ngokungabikho kwesivumelwano, ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente umisela iimeko ezinokuthi phantsi kwazo kususwe ubungakanani beentsuku zokusebenza ngaphakathi kwemida ebekwe kumhlathi wokuqala kunye nembuyekezo encinci enxulumene noko.
“Ubugcisa. L. 313-23-2. - Ngaphandle kwamalungiselelo eNqaku L. 212-1 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, elona xesha lokusebenza kwabasebenzi abajongene nokuxhasa abantu abakhubazekileyo kumaziko nakwiinkonzo ekubhekiselwe kuzo ku-2 °, 3 °, 5 °, I-7 ° kwaye, apho kufanelekileyo, i-12 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1 yale khowudi inokugqitha kwiiyure ezilishumi elinambini xa oku kufanelekile ngumbutho wokudluliselwa nokuhamba kwaba bantu kwaye ukuba isivumelwano sesebe, Isivumelwano sobungcali okanye inkampani okanye isivumelwano sokuseka sibonelela malunga noku. "

Isahluko III: Indawo eyakhiweyo, ezothutho kunye neetekhnoloji entsha (amaNqaku 41 ukuya kuma-54)

Isiqendu 41

I. -Icandelo L. 111-7 lekhowudi yokwakha neyokuhlala ithathelwe indawo ngamanqaku amahlanu uL. 111-7 ukuya kuL. 111-7-4 abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Amanqaku angama-111-7. Amalungiselelo okwakha, izixhobo zangaphakathi nezangaphandle nezixhobo zezakhiwo zokuhlala, nokuba zezabucala okanye zikarhulumente, amaziko avulelekileyo eluntwini, ufakelo oluvulelekileyo kuluntu kunye neendawo zokusebenza kufuneka la maziko kunye nezixhobo ziyafikeleleka kubo bonke, ngakumbi kubantu abakhubazekileyo, nokuba bakhubazeke kangakanani na, ngakumbi emzimbeni, kwiimvakalelo, engqondweni, engqondweni nangokwengqondo, kwiimeko naphantsi kweemeko ezichazwe kumaNqaku L. 111-7- 1 ukuya kuL. 111-7-3. Ezi zibonelelo azibopheleli kubanini bezakhiwo okanye ekuphuculeni izindlu ukuze zisetyenziselwe bona.
“Ubugcisa. L. 111-7-1. Imiyalelo ekhutshwe liBhunga likaRhulumente ibeka imigaqo kunye neemeko ezinxulumene nokufikeleleka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 111-7 apho izakhiwo ezitsha okanye iinxalenye zezakhiwo kufuneka zithobele. Bacacisa iimeko ezithile ezisebenzayo kulwakhiwo lwezindlu ezizezinye.
“Amanyathelo okufikelela kwizindlu avavanywa kwisithuba seminyaka emithathu ukusukela ekupapashweni komthetho onguNombolo 2005-102 kaFebruwari 11, 2005 amalungelo alinganayo namathuba, ukuthatha inxaxheba nokuba ngummi abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye noqikelelo lwempembelelo yabo yemali kwisixa serenti senzelwa ukuqaphela, ukuba kukho imfuneko, iimpendulo kule nto.
“Ubugcisa. Imigangatho. 111-7-2. Imimiselo ekhutshwe liBhunga likaRhulumente ibeke imiqathango enxulumene nokufikeleleka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 111-7 lokuba izakhiwo okanye iindawo zezakhiwo zokuhlala kufuneka zithotyelwe xa ziphantsi komthetho. isebenza, ngakumbi ngokobume bezakhiwo kunye neendawo zezakhiwo ezichaphazelekayo, uhlobo lomsebenzi owenziweyo kunye nobudlelwane phakathi kweendleko zalo msebenzi kunye nexabiso lezakhiwo ezisebenza ngaphezulu kwale miqathango. Banikezela phantsi kweemeko ezinxaxhileyo ezinokuthi zigunyaziswe kwimeko yokungabinakwenzeka kobuchwephesha okanye izithintelo ezinxulunyaniswe nokulondolozwa kwelifa lemveli lokwakha, okanye xa kukho ukungangqinelani okubonakalayo phakathi kokuphuculwa okwenziweyo kunye neziphumo zazo. Le mimiselo ithathwa emva kwengcebiso zeBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana laBantu abakhubazekileyo.
"Kwimeko apho kunxaxhile ngokunxulumene nesakhiwo esisesomnini onesitokhwe sezindlu esinani lakhe lingaphezulu komyinge obekwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente, abantu abakhubazekileyo abachaphazeleke koku kunxaxha baxhamla kwilungelo lokubuyiselwa kwisakhiwo esifikelelekayo ngaphakathi kwentsingiselo yeNqaku L. 111-7, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente okhankanywe apha ngasentla.
“Ubugcisa. Amanqaku angama-111-7-3. Iindawo ezikhoyo ezivulelekileyo eluntwini mazibe yile yokuba nawuphi na umntu okhubazekileyo angakwazi ukufikelela kuzo, ajikeleze kwaye afumane ulwazi oluhanjiswe apho, kwiindawo ezivulelekileyo kuluntu. Ulwazi olujoliswe kuluntu kufuneka lusasazwe ngeendlela ezilungiselelwe ukukhubazeka okwahlukileyo.
“Imithetho yeBhunga likaRhulumente ebekelwe la maziko, ngohlobo nangoluhlu, iimfuno ezinxulumene nokufikeleleka okubonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 111-7 kunye neenkonzo ekufuneka bezinike abantu abakhubazekileyo. Ukuququzelela ukufikeleleka, ubuchwepheshe obutsha bonxibelelwano kunye neempawu ezifanelekileyo zinokusetyenziswa.
"Iindawo ezikhoyo ezivulekileyo eluntwini kufuneka zihlangabezane nezi mfuno kungaphelanga ixesha elimiselweyo, elimiselwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente, elinokwahluka ngohlobo nangodidi lolawulo, ngaphandle kokudlula iminyaka elishumi ukupapashwa koMthetho n. 2005-102 kaFebruwari 11, 2005 yamalungelo alinganayo namathuba, ukuthatha inxaxheba kunye nokuba ngummi wabantu abakhubazekileyo.
"Le mimiselo, ithathwe ngokoluvo lweBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana laBantu abaKhubazekileyo, ichaza uxolelo olukhethekileyo olunokuthi lunikwe amaziko avulelekileyo kuluntu emva kokubonisa ukungabinakwenzeka kobuchwephesha bokwenza ukufikelela okanye ngenxa yezithintelo ezinxulumene ulondolozo lwelifa lemveli loyilo okanye xa kukho ukungafani okucacileyo phakathi kokuphuculwa okwenziweyo kunye neziphumo zazo.
"Oku kukhululwa kunikezelwa emva kokuvunywa kwekomishini yengcebiso yesebe ngokhuseleko loluntu, ukhuseleko kunye nokufikeleleka, kwaye zikhatshwa ngamanyathelo amanye amaziko avulelekileyo oluntu nokufezekisa ubizo lwenkonzo yoluntu. .
“Ubugcisa. Amanqaku angama-111-7-4. Ummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente uchaza iimeko ekuthi, emva kokugqitywa komsebenzi obonelelweyo kumaNqaku L. 111-7-1, L. 111-7-2 kunye noL. 111-7-3. kwaye ke ngokuxhomekeke kwimvume yokwakha, ugunyaziwe onika ikontraki kufuneka anike lowo ukhuphe le mvume uxwebhu oluqinisekisa ukuba imigaqo emalunga nokufikeleleka ithathelwe ingqalelo. Esi satifikethi siqulunqwe ngumhloli wezobuchwephesha ekubhekiswe kuye kwiNqaku L. 111-23 okanye ngumntu wendalo okanye wezomthetho ohlangabezana nobuchule kunye nokuzimela okumiselwe ngulo mthetho. Ezi zibonelelo azisebenzi kubanini bezakhiwo okanye ekuphuculeni indawo yokuhlala ukuze bazisebenzisele bona. "
II. Emva kwenqaku L. 111-8-3 yale khowudi, inqaku L. 111-8-3-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 111-8-3-1. -Ugunyaziwe wezolawulo unokuthatha isigqibo sokuvala indawo evulelekileyo kuluntu engazifezekisiyo iimfuno zeNqaku L. 111-7-3. "
III. Inqaku L. 111-26 lekhowudi efanayo liyongezwa ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Kumatyala abonelelwe kumhlathi wokuqala, ulawulo lobuchwephesha lukwabandakanya ukuthotyelwa kwemithetho enxulumene nokufikeleleka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo. "
IV. Igunya likarhulumente alinakho ukunika inkxaso-mali kulwakhiwo, ukwandisa okanye ukuguqula iqokobhe lesakhiwo ngokuxhomekeke kwimigaqo yamaNqaku L. 111-7-1, L. 111-7-2 kunye noL. 111. -7-3 yokwakha kunye nekhowudi yezindlu kuphela ukuba umthengi uvelise ifayile enxulumene nokufikeleleka. Ugunyaziwe onikezele ngenkxaso-mali ufuna ukubuyiselwa intlawulo ukuba ugunyaziwe onikwe ikhontrakthi akakwazi ukubonelela ngesiqinisekiso esibonelelwe kwinqaku L. 111-7-4 lale khowudi ikhankanyiweyo.
V. -Uqeqesho ekufikeleleni kwimeko yolwakhiwo lwabantu abakhubazekileyo lunyanzelekile kuqeqesho lokuqala lweetiyitrafikhi kunye neengcali kwindawo eyakhiweyo. Ummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente ucacisa iidiploma ezichaphazelekayo kolu xanduva.

Isiqendu 42

Inqaku L. 123-2 yolwakhiwo kunye nekhowudi yezindlu yongezwa ngesivakalisi esibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“La manyathelo ongezelelweyo kufuneka athathele ingqalelo iimfuno ezizodwa zabantu abakhubazekileyo okanye ukunciphisa ukuhamba. "

Isiqendu 43

Isivakalisi sokuqala somhlathi wesibini wenqaku uL. 151-1 wolwakhiwo kunye nekhowudi yezindlu kunye nesivakalisi sokuqala somhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 460-1 yekhowudi yocwangciso lwedolophu zigqityiwe ngamagama athi: ", kwaye ngakumbi lawo anento yokwenza nokufikeleleka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo nokuba bangaluphi uhlobo lokukhubazeka"
II. -Ikhowudi yokwakha neyokwakha izindlu iyalungiswa:
1 ° KwiNqaku L. 152-1, “izingqinisiso: L. 111-4, L. 111-7” zithathelwe indawo zizalathiso: “L. 111-4, L. 111-7 to L. 111 -7-4 ";
2 ° Kwinqaku L. 152-3, amagama athi: "kwiNqaku L. 152-4 (umhlathi wesibini)" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "kumhlathi wokuqala weNqaku L. 2-152" .
III. Inqaku L. 152-4 lekhowudi efanayo lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. UL. 152-4. -Ukohlwaywa ngesohlwayo se-45 ye-EUR inyani, kubasebenzisi bomhlaba, abaxhamli bemisebenzi, abakhi bezakhiwo, iikontraki okanye nawuphi na umntu onoxanduva lokwenziwa kwemisebenzi, yokungahoyi uxanduva olubekwe ngamanqaku L. 000-111, L. 4-111, L. 7-111, L. 8-111, L. 9-112, L. 17-125 kunye noL. 3-131, ngemigaqo eyamkelweyo xa besebenzisa okanye ngezigunyaziso ezikhutshwe ngokwemigaqo yazo. Kwimeko apho ityala liphindaphindwe, isohlwayo sonyuswa saya kwiinyanga ezintandathu zokuvalelwa kunye ne-EUR 4.
"Isohlwayo esibonelelwe kumhlathi odlulileyo siyasebenza:
“1 ° Kwimeko yokungasebenzi, ngaphakathi kwexesha elimiselweyo, lalo naluphi na uphuhliso oluncedisayo okanye umsebenzi wokudiliza owenziwe zizigunyaziso ezichazwe kumhlathi wokuqala;
“2 ° Kwimeko apho ukungathotyelwa, ngabaxhamli kugunyaziso olunikwe ixesha elilinganiselweyo okanye ngokungaqinisekanga, yemida ebekiweyo yokubuyiselwa kwendawo kwimeko yabo yangaphambili okanye ulwabiwo ngokutsha lomhlaba ubusetyenziswa ngaphambili.
“Njengoko kuchaziwe kwiNqaku L. 480-12 loMgaqo woCwangciso lweeDolophu:
"Ngaphandle kokukhetha isicelo, apho kufanelekileyo, sezohlwayo eziqatha ezibonelelwe kumanqaku angama-433-7 no-433-8 ekhowudi, nabani na othintele ukusetyenziswa kwelungelo lokufikelela eliboniswe kwinqaku uL. I-460-1 iya kohlwaywa ngesohlwayo se-3 EUR.
"Ukongeza, ukuvalelwa inyanga enye.
"Abantu abanetyala kwelinye lamatyala abonelelwe kweli nqaku bakwesohlwayo esongezelelekileyo sokuthumela okanye ukusasaza, ngamajelo eendaba okanye ngayo nayiphi na indlela yokunxibelelana nokumamela, ngesigqibo esichaziweyo, phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe inqaku 131-35 lekhowudi yokohlwaya.
"Abantu bezomthetho banokubhengezwa njengabanamatyala olwaphulo-mthetho, phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwinqaku le-121-2 lekhowudi yokohlwaya, ngokwaphula imiqathango yenqaku L. 111-7, kunye nemigaqo esetyenzisiweyo yokwenza isicelo okanye ukugunyaziswa ikhutshwe ngokungqinelana nezibonelelo zazo. Bafumana ezi zohlwayo zilandelayo:
“A) Isohlwayo, ngokungqinelana neenkqubo ezichazwe kwinqaku le-131-38 lekhowudi;
“B) Isohlwayo esongezelelweyo sokuposa okanye ukusasaza, ngamajelo eendaba okanye ngayo nayiphi na indlela yokunxibelelana nokumamela, yesigqibo esichaziweyo, phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwinqaku 131-35 lale khowudi;
"C) Isohlwayo esongeziweyo sesithintelo, ngokuqinisekileyo okanye kangangexesha leminyaka emihlanu ubuninzi, ngokusuka ngqo okanye ngokungathanga ngqo ekusebenziseni umsebenzi omnye okanye nangaphezulu ngobungcali okanye ngokwasentlalweni, ngokweendlela ezibonelelweyo kwinqaku le-131-48 efanayo ikhowudi "

Isiqendu 44

Kwinqaku le-1391 C lekhowudi yerhafu ngokubanzi, emva kwamagama athi: ", imibutho yezindlu eziqeshisa kancinci", kufakwe la magama: "okanye ziinkampani eziphakathi zikarhulumente ezinjongo zazo ezisemthethweni kukufezekisa okanye ulawulo yezindlu ”.

Isiqendu 45

Ikhonkco lokuhamba, elibandakanya indawo eyakhiweyo, iindlela, iindawo zikawonkewonke, iinkqubo zothutho kunye nokuhamba kwazo, zilungelelaniswe ukuvumela ukufikelela kwayo ngokupheleleyo kubantu abakhubazekileyo okanye ekunciphiseni ukuhamba.
Kwisithuba seminyaka elishumi ukusukela kumhla wokupapashwa kwalo mthetho, iinkonzo zothutho lukawonkewonke kufuneka zifikeleleke kubantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokuncipha kokuhamba.
Abasemagunyeni abanobuchule bokwenza umbutho wezothutho lukawonkewonke ngokwentsingiselo yomthetho n ° 82-1153 kaDisemba 30, 1982 wokuqhelaniswa kwezothutho lwangaphakathi okanye iSyndicat des transports d'Ile-de-France ebonelelwe kwinqaku 1 le 'Ummiselo onguNombolo 59-151 kaJanuwari 7, 1959 ngokunxulumene nokulungiswa kwezithuthi e-Ile-de-France kwaye, xa kungekho gunya lokuququzelela, uRhulumente, kunye nabaqhubi beeerodromes ezikhankanywe kwi Inqaku le-1609 quatervicies A zekhowudi yerhafu ngokubanzi kunye nabaphathi beetheminali zesikhephe, uluhlu lwazo lumiselwe ngummiselo ngokubaluleka kokugcwala kwabo, zoba isicwangciso esiyintloko sokufikeleleka kweenkonzo abanoxanduva lwazo, kwisithuba seminyaka emithathu ngokupapashwa kwalo mthetho.
Esi sicwangciso silungisa inkqubo yokufikeleleka kweenkonzo zothutho, ngaphakathi komda wexesha ochazwe kumhlathi wesibini, kwaye ichaza iindlela zokufikeleleka kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zothutho.
Kwimeko apho ubungqina obungenakwenzeka bokwenza ubuxhakaxhaka obukhoyo bufikeleleke, iindlela zothutho ezilungiselelwe iimfuno zabantu abakhubazekileyo okanye zokuhamba okuncitshisiweyo kufuneka zenziwe zifumaneke kubo. Zicwangcisiwe kwaye zixhaswa ngezemali ngabasemagunyeni abaququzelela ubuchule kwezothutho kwisithuba seminyaka emithathu. Iindleko zothutho olulolunye lwabasebenzisi abakhubazekileyo akufuneki zigqithe kwixabiso lezithuthi zikawonke-wonke ezikhoyo.
Izithuthi zothutho ezingaphantsi komhlaba ezikhoyo kunye nothungelwano lwezothutho olukhokelwayo aluxhomekekanga kumda wexesha obonelelwe kumhlathi wesibini, ngokuxhomekeke ekubeni isicwangciso esiyintloko senziwe phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kumhlathi wesithathu nokuba, kungaphelanga iminyaka emithathu. ezinye iindlela zothutho ezanelisa imiqathango ebonelelwe kumhlathi ongaphambili
Kwisithuba seminyaka emithathu ukususela ekupapashweni kwalo mthetho, abasemagunyeni abaququzelela izithuthi zikawonke-wonke bamisela inkqubo yezikhalazo ngokubhekisele kwimiqobo ekuhambeni ngokukhululekileyo kwabantu abanokuhamba okuncitshisiweyo.
Isicwangciso sokwenza iindlela kunye neendawo zoluntu zifikeleleke ngakumbi kuyenziwa kumasipala ngamnye ngokuqhutywa ngusodolophu okanye, apho kufanelekileyo, umongameli weziseko zoluntu zentsebenziswano phakathi koomasipala. Esi sicwangciso silungisa ngakumbi izibonelelo ezinokuthi zenze ukuba zifikeleleke kubantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokuhamba okunciphisiweyo konke ukuhamba kwabahambi ngeenyawo kunye neendawo zokupaka iimoto ezikummandla kamasipala okanye ukusekwa koluntu kwintsebenziswano phakathi kwabantu. Esi sicwangciso sokufikelela siyinxalenye yesicwangciso sokuhamba kwedolophu xa sikhona.
Ukunikezelwa koncedo loluntu ukukhuthaza uphuhliso lweenkqubo zothutho oluhlangeneyo kuxhomekeke ekuqwalaselweni kokufikeleleka.
II. Nasiphi na isitokhwe esiqengqelekileyo esifunyenwe ngexesha lokuhlaziya izixhobo okanye kwimeko yolwandiso lothungelwano kufuneka sifikeleleke kubantu abakhubazekileyo okanye ekunciphiseni ukuhamba. Imigaqo iya kuchaza, kudidi ngalunye lwezixhobo, imigaqo yokusetyenziswa kweli lungiselelo.
III. Umhlathi wokuqala wenqaku lama-28 lomthetho n ° 82-1153 lomhla wama-30 kuDisemba ka-1982 malunga nokuqhelaniswa kwezothutho lwangaphakathi.
1 ° Emva kwamagama: "ukomeleza ubumbano lwentlalo nolwasezidolophini", kufakwa amagama: "kunye nokuphucula ukufikeleleka kothungelwano lwezithuthi zikawonkewonke kubantu abakhubazekileyo okanye ukunciphisa ukuhamba";
2 ° Igqityiwe ngezivakalisi ezibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
Ikwaquka isihlomelo esithile esithetha ngokufikeleleka. Esi sihlomelo sibonisa iindlela zokucwangciswa nezokusebenza eziza kwenziwa ukuze kuphuculwe ukufikeleleka kothungelwano lwezithuthi zikawonkewonke kubantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokuncitshiswa kokuhamba, kunye neshedyuli yokumiliselwa ehambelana noko. "
IV. -Umthetho okhankanywe ngasentla n ° 82-1153 kaDisemba 30, 1982 ulungisiwe:
1 ° Kumhlathi wokugqibela weSiqendu 1, emva kwegama: "umsebenzisi", la magama afakwa: ", kubandakanya abantu abanokuhamba okuncitshisiweyo okanye abanokukhubazeka,";
2 ° Umhlathi wesibini wenqaku 2 ugqityiwe ngala magama: “ngokunjalo nokuxhasa abantu abahamba nabo”;
3 ° Kwisiqendu sesibini senqaku 21-3, emva kwamagama athi: "imibutho yabasebenzisi bezithuthi zikawonkewonke", amagama afakwa: "kwaye ngokukodwa imibutho yabantu abakhubazekileyo";
4 ° Kwisiqendu sesibini senqaku lama-22, emva kwamagama athi: "abasebenzisi," kufakwe amagama athi: “kwaye ngakumbi abameli bemibutho yabakhubazekileyo”;
5 ° Kwisiqendu sesibini senqaku 27-2, emva kwamagama athi: "imibutho yabasebenzisi bezithuthi zikawonkewonke", amagama afakwa: "kwaye ngokukodwa imibutho yabantu abakhubazekileyo";
6 ° Kumhlathi wesibini wenqaku 30-2, emva kwamagama: "imibutho yabasebenzisi bezithuthi zikawonke-wonke," kufakwe la magama: "kwaye ngakumbi imibutho yabantu abakhubazekileyo";
7 ° Kumhlathi wokuqala wenqaku 28-2, emva kwamagama athi: "Abameli babasebenzi kunye nabasebenzisi bezothutho", amagama afakwa: "kunye nemibutho emele abantu abakhubazekileyo okanye ukunciphisa ukuhamba".
V. - Kumhlathi wesithathu weNqaku L. 302-1 weKhowudi yoKwakha nezeZindlu, amagama athi: "kunye nokukhuthaza iyantlukwano kwezentlalo" athatyathelw'indawo ngamagama: ", ukukhuthaza iyantlukwano kwezentlalo. kunye nokuphucula ukufikeleleka kwendawo eyakhiweyo kubantu abakhubazekileyo ”.
VI. -Imigaqo yokusetyenziswa kweli nqaku ichazwe ngummiselo.

Isiqendu 46

Emva kwenqaku L. 2143-2 yekhowudi ngokubanzi yabasemagunyeni, inqaku L. 2143-3 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 2143-3. -Koomasipala abanabemi abangama-5 000 okanye nangaphezulu, kwenziwa ikhomishini kamasipala yokufikelela kubantu abakhubazekileyo, equka abameli bakamasipala, imibutho yabasebenzisi nemibutho emele abantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Le khomishini ithathela ingqalelo imeko yobume bendawo esele ikhiwe, iindlela, iindawo zoluntu kunye nezothutho. Iqulunqa ingxelo yonyaka ethiwe thaca kwibhunga likamasipala kwaye yenze ukuba zonke izindululo eziluncedo ziphucule ukufikeleleka kwale sele ikhona.
"Ingxelo ethiwe thaca kwibhunga likamasipala ithunyelwa kummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe, kumongameli webhunga jikelele, kwibhunga leengcebiso lesebe labantu abakhubazekileyo, nakubo bonke abaphethe izakhiwo, ufakelo neendawo zokusebenza ezichaphazelekayo Ingxelo.
“Usodolophu ungusihlalo wekhomishini kwaye uzobe uluhlu lwamalungu ayo.
“Le komishini ikwaququzelela inkqubo yokudwelisa unikezelo lwezindlu ezifikelelekayo kubantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Oomasipala bangadala ikhomishini yoomasipala. Le yenzela zonke iidolophu ezichaphazelekayo kwimishini yekhomishini yoluntu. Le khomishini iphakathi koomasipala ichotshelwe ngomnye woosodolophu boomasipala, abathe ngokuhlangeneyo bathathe isigqibo kuluhlu lwamalungu abo.
“Xa ubuchule kwimicimbi yezothutho okanye yocwangciso lwengingqi lusenziwa kwindawo yokusekwa koluntu yentsebenziswano phakathi koomasipala, ikhomishini yokufikelela kubantu abakhubazekileyo kufuneka yenziwe kweli qela. Ichotshelwe ngumongameli weziko. Ukudalwa kwekhomishini yoqhakamshelwano kunyanzelekile kumaziko entsebenziswano phakathi koonxibelelwano noluntu abanobuchule kwicandelo lezothutho okanye ucwangciso lommandla, nje ukuba babe nabemi abangama-5 000 okanye nangaphezulu. "

Isiqendu 47

Iinkonzo zonxibelelwano zikawonke-wonke ezikwinkonzo zikaRhulumente, oogunyaziwe bengingqi kunye namaziko oluntu axhomekeke kuwo kufuneka afikeleleke kubantu abakhubazekileyo.
Ukufikeleleka kweenkonzo zonxibelelwano zikawonke-wonke kwi-intanethi kuchaphazela ukufikelela kulo naluphi na uhlobo lolwazi olukwimo yedijithali nokuba yeyiphi na indlela yokufikelela, umxholo kunye nendlela yokubonisana. Izindululo zamanye amazwe zokufikelela kwi-intanethi kufuneka zisetyenziswe kwiinkonzo zonxibelelwano zikawonkewonke ezikwi-Intanethi.
Ummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente ubeka imigaqo enxulumene nokufikeleleka kwaye ucacise, ngokubhekisele kwizindululo ezisekwe yi-Arhente zophuhliso lolawulo lwe-elektroniki, uhlobo lohlengahlengiso ekufuneka luphunyezwe kunye nexesha elimiselweyo lokuphunyezwa. ngokungqinelana neendawo esele zikhona, ezingenakugqitha iminyaka emithathu, nezohlwayo ezibekiweyo kwimeko yokungathobeli oku kufikeleleka. Ummiselo ukwabeka inkqubo yoqeqesho lwabasebenzi ababandakanyeka kwiinkonzo zonxibelelwano zoluntu kwi-Intanethi.

Isiqendu 48

I. - Nawuphi na umntu wendalo okanye wezomthetho oququzelelayo, ngokwenza okanye ngokwenza ukuba kwenziwe, imisebenzi yeholide enendawo yokuhlala engaphezulu kweentsuku ezintlanu ezijolise ngokukodwa kumaqela enabantu abakhubazeke kakhulu kufuneka yamkelwe. "Iiholide ezilungelelanisiweyo ezilungelelanisiweyo". Oku kuvunywa, iimeko kunye neendlela zokuziphatha kunye nokurhoxiswa kwazo ezimiselwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente, zinikezelwa ngumphathi wengingqi.
Ukuba le misebenzi iwela kumda wamaNqaku 1 kunye no-2 woMthetho oyiNombolo 92-645 kaJulayi 13, 1992 ebeka iimeko zokwenza imisebenzi enxulumene nombutho kunye nokuthengiswa kohambo kunye nokuhlala, oku Umntu kufuneka abambe ugunyaziso lolawulo olubonelelwe yile migaqo.
Ukusekwa kunye neenkonzo ngokuxhomekeke kugunyaziso olubonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 313-1 leSenzo seNtlalontle kunye neKhowudi yoSapho eququzelela ukuhlala kweholide kubasebenzisi babo ngexesha lomsebenzi wabo bakhululwe ekuvunyelweni.
II. Umphathi wesebe osebenza phantsi kwakhe kwimisebenzi echazwe ku-mna, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente, angayalela ukuphela kwabo kwangoko okanye ngexesha elifanelekileyo lokuququzelela ukubuya kwabantu abafunyenweyo, xa imisebenzi yenziwa ngaphandle kwemvume okanye xa iimeko ezingafunekiyo zivunywa. Ulawulo luphathiswe abahloli bezempilo kunye nemicimbi yezentlalo kunye noogqirha bezempilo boluntu beli sebe.
III. Ukuzibandakanya nomsebenzi okhankanywe kum ngaphandle kokuvunywa okanye ukuqhubekeka nokuququzelela ukuhlala okuphelisiweyo xa kusenziwa isicelo se-II kohlwaywa ngesohlwayo se-EUR 3. Abantu bezomthetho banokuthi babhengezwe benetyala, phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwinqaku le-750-121 yekhowudi yokohlwaya, kwityala elichazwe kweli nqaku.
Isohlwayo esenziwe ngabantu abasemthethweni zezizo, ngokwemiqathango echazwe kwinqaku le-131-38 lekhowudi, kunye nezohlwayo ezinikezelwe ku-2 °, 4 ° no-9 ° wenqaku 131-39 elifanayo ikhowudi, ngokungqinelana neenkqubo ezibonelelwe yile khowudi.

Isiqendu 49

I-4 ° yeNqaku L. 302-5 yeKhowudi yoKwakha nezeZindlu yongezwa ngesivakalisi esibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Kumakhaya okhuselo nakumakhaya abantu abakhubazeke ngokwasengqondweni, amagumbi ahlala aba bantu abalwa njengezindlu zokuqeshisa kwezentlalo xa benendawo yokuhlala ngokuzimela echazwe ngummiselo. "

Isiqendu 50

Abanini mhlaba bangangena kwizivumelwano namaziko awodwa okanye iinkonzo ukuze:
1 ° Chonga uhlengahlengiso oluyimfuneko olwenziwe kwindawo yokuhlala ukuze ulungelelanise neendlela ezahlukeneyo zokukhubazeka kwabaqeshi babo;
2 ° Bonelela ngentsebenziswano ukulungiselela ukudibanisa abantu abakhubazekileyo emzimbeni kumakhaya abo ngokwesiseko seprojekthi eyenzelwe wena.

Isiqendu 51

Emva kwenqaku L. 221-1 lekhowudi yocwangciso lwedolophu, inqaku L. 221-1-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 221-1-1. Oomasipala namaqela oomasipala kufuneka bangene kumaxwebhu abo ocwangciso lwedolophu oovimba bomhlaba abahambelana nezixhobo ezinikezelwe sisicwangciso sentlalo yesebe sentlalo nesezempilo esikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 312-4 leKhowudi isenzo sentlalo kunye neentsapho.
Imimiselo ekhutshwe liBhunga likaRhulumente imisela iindlela zokusetyenziswa kweli nqaku. "

Isiqendu 52

Ikhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ziguqulwa ngolu hlobo:
1 ° Isahluko VI seSihloko IV seNcwadi I sinelungelo: “Amaziko anxulumene nabantu abakhubazekileyo”;
2 ° Icandelo 1 lenziwe kwesi sahluko sinesihloko esithi: "Ukubonisana nabantu abakhubazekileyo" kwaye kubandakanya amanqaku uL. 146-1 kunye noL. 146-2.
II. - Amalungiselelo e-III kwinqaku 1 lomthetho n ° 2002-303 we-4 Matshi 2002 ngokunxulumene namalungelo abaguli kunye nomgangatho wenkqubo yezempilo afakiwe emva komhlathi wesithathu wenqaku L. 146-1 Kwikhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho.
III. - Inqaku loku-1 lomthetho okhankanywe ngasentla n ° 2002-303 kaMatshi 4, 2002 uyarhoxiswa.
IV. -Ukubonelelwa nge-3 ° ye-I yeli nqaku kuyasebenza eMayotte nakwilizwe laseFrance laseMazantsi naseAntarctic.
V. - Kwisiqendu sesibini senqaku L. 146-2 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, amagama athi: "yekomishini yesebe lezemfundo ekhethekileyo kunye nekhomishini yezobuchwephesha yokukhokela kunye nokubekwa ngokutsha ingcali ”kuthathelwe indawo ngamagama athi:" kwindlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 146-3 ".
VI. -Kumhlathi wokugqibela wenqaku elifanayo, la magama athi: "iikomiti zobuchwephesha zokukhokelwa nokuqeqeshwa kwakhona, iikomiti zesebe lezemfundo eyodwa" zithathelwe indawo ngala magama: "kwikomiti ekhankanywe inqaku L. 146-9 ”.

Isiqendu 53

Isahluko 4 seSihloko I seNcwadi II yeKhowudi yasemaPhandleni yongezwa licandelo lesi-XNUMX elibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
«Icandelo 4
"Izilwanyana ezifundisiweyo
Ukuhamba nabantu abakhubazekileyo
“Ubugcisa. L. 211-30. Izinja ezihamba nabantu abakhubazekileyo, nokuba bakhubazeke kangakanani, iimoto, izivamvo okanye iingqondo, kwaye abanini bazo baxhasa imfundo yesilwanyana abakhululwanga ekufakeni isicheme xa bethutha, kwiindawo zikawonke wonke, Indawo evulelekileyo eluntwini nakwabo bavumela ubungcali, uqeqesho okanye umsebenzi wezemfundo "

Isiqendu 54

Inqaku lama-88 loMthetho onguNombolo 87-588 kaJulayi 30, 1987 kumanyathelo ohlukeneyo entlalontle abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 88. -Ukufikelela kwezothutho, kwiindawo ezivulelekileyo kuluntu, kunye nakwabo bavumela umsebenzi wobungcali, uqeqesho okanye umsebenzi wezemfundo ugunyazisiwe izinja ezikhokelayo okanye izinja zoncedo ezihamba nabantu abaphethe ikhadi lokukhubazeka. kubonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 241-3 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho.
“Ubukho benja ekhokelayo okanye inja encedisayo ecaleni komntu okhubazekileyo akufuneki ibangele ukongezwa kwemali ekufikeleleni kwiinkonzo nakwizibonelelo ezinokubangwa nguye. "

ISIHLOKO V: UKWAMKELWA NOLWAZI LABANTU ABAKHUBAZEKILEYO, UKUVAVANYWA KWEEMFUNO ZABO NOKUQATSHELWA KWAMALUNGELO ABO (Amanqaku 55 ukuya ku-70)

Isahluko I: INational Solidarity Fund for Autonomy (amaNqaku 55 ukuya ku-63)

Isiqendu 55

I. - Emva kweSahluko IX seSihloko IV seNcwadi IV yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho, iSahluko X sifakwe ngesihloko esithi: "INational Solidarity Fund for Autonomy". Esi sahluko sibandakanya amanqaku athile e-9 kunye ne-11, II kwinqaku le-12 kunye nenqaku le-14 lomthetho n ° 2004-626 kaJuni 30, 2004 ngokunxulumene nomanyano lwenkululeko yabantu abadala nabakhubazekileyo abathi ngokulandelelana, amaNqaku uL. 14-10-2, uL. 14-10-4, uL. 14-10-6 kunye noL. 14-10-8 weKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho.
II. Umhlathi wesibini weNqaku L. 14-10-2 wale khowudi ufakelwa ngamagama athi: "ngakumbi ilawulwa zizivumelwano ezihlangeneyo ezisebenza kubasebenzi bemibutho yokhuseleko loluntu".

III. - 1. Ekuqaleni komhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 14-10-6 yale khowudi, amagama athi: "Ukusukela ngo-2004" ayacinywa, kwaye amagama athi: "ekubhekiswa kuwo kumhlathi wokuqala we-3 ° of I "athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama:" akhankanywe kwi-II yenqaku L. 14-10-5 ". Ekupheleni komhlathi wokugqibela wenqaku elifanayo, amagama athi: "yale II" ayacinywa. Kumhlathi wokugqibela wenqaku elifanayo, la magama athi: "3 ° of I" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "II wenqaku L. 14-10-5", kwaye amagama athi: "6 ° ekutshiwo mna" athatyathelwe indawo ngu amagama: "VI yenqaku elifanayo";
2. Kwinqaku elithi L. 14-10-8 lale khowudi, la magama athi: "kumacandelo akhankanywe kumanqaku 12 ne 13" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama athi: "kumacandelo nakumacandelwana akhankanyiweyo kwinqaku L. 14-10-5 ". Ekupheleni kwe-II yenqaku elifanayo, la magama: "ekubhekiswe kuwo kwi-3 ° ye-I yenqaku le-12 kunye ne-3 ° kwinqaku le-13" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama: "akhankanywe kwi-II nakwi-III yenqaku. L. 14-10-5 ".
IV. - Kwisiqendu seshumi elinanye (10 °) senqaku L. 3332-2 yekhowudi jikelele yabasemagunyeni basekuhlaleni, amagama athi: "yamiselwa ngumthetho n ° 2004-626 kaJuni 30, 2004 ngokunxulumene nomanyano lwenkululeko abantu abadala nabakhubazekileyo ”bathatyathelw 'indawo ngamazwi athi:" kukhankanywe kwinqaku L. 14-10-1 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ".
V. - Amanqaku 8, 10 no 13 omthetho okhankanywe ngasentla n ° 2004-626 kaJuni 30, 2004 ayarhoxiswa. Kwinqaku le-13, oku kurhoxiswa kuqala ngoJanuwari 1, 2006.

Isiqendu 56

Kwisahluko X seSihloko IV seNcwadi IV yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho, inqaku L. 14-10-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 14-10-1. Ingxowa-mali yeSizwe yoManyano lokuzimela inezi zinto zilandelayo:
“1 ° Ukwenza igalelo kwinkxaso mali yokuphulukana nokuzimela kwabantu abadala nabakhubazekileyo, emakhaya nakumaziko, ngelixa sihlonipha ukuphathwa ngokulinganayo kwabantu abachaphazelekayo kuyo yonke le ndawo;
"2 ° Ukuqinisekisa ulwabiwo olulinganayo kummandla wesizwe sonke semali yenkcitho ekhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 314-3, ngakumbi ngokuqinisekisa ukuba zonke iimfuno zithathelwa ingqalelo, kuzo zonke iindidi zokukhubazeka ;
“3 ° Ukuqinisekisa ngendima yobungcali kwezobuchwephesha kunye nesindululo semilinganiselo yesizwe yokuvavanya ukusilela kunye nokulahleka kwenkululeko, kunye neendlela nezixhobo ezisetyenziselwa ukuvavanya iimfuno zembuyekezo yomntu ngamnye;
"4 ° Ukuqinisekisa ngendima yobungcali nenkxaso kuphuhliso lwezicwangciso zesizwe ezichazwe kwiNqaku L. 312-5 nakwiinkqubo zenkxaso yangaphakathi kwisebe yokukhubazeka nokuphulukana nokuzimela okukhankanywe Inqaku L. 312-5-1;
“5 ° Ukwenza igalelo kulwazi kunye neengcebiso ngoncedo lobuchwephesha olujolise ekuphuculeni ukuzimela kwabantu abadala kunye nabakhubazekileyo, ukufaka isandla kuvavanyo lwezi ncedisi nokuqinisekisa umgangatho weemeko zokuhanjiswa kwazo;
"6 ° Ukuqinisekisa ukutshintshiselana ngamava nolwazi phakathi kwamakhaya esebe abantu abakhubazekileyo akhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-3, ukusasaza iinkqubo ezilungileyo zovavanyo lomntu ngamnye nokuqinisekisa ukulunga ekuphatheni amabango eembuyekezo;
"7 ° Ukuthatha inxaxheba, kunye namanye amaziko kunye nolawulo olunobuchule, kwinkcazo yezalathi kunye nezixhobo zokuqokelela idatha engachazwanga, ukulungiselela ukulinganisa kunye nokuhlalutya ukulahleka kwenkululeko kunye neemfuno zembuyekezo zabantu abadala nabakhubazekileyo;
“8 ° Ukuthatha inxaxheba, namanye amaziko afanelekileyo kunye nolawulo, ekuchazeni nasekumiliseleni amanyathelo ophando kwicandelo lothintelo kunye nembuyekezo yokulahleka kwenkululeko;
“9 ° Ukuqinisekisa intsebenziswano namaziko angaphandle anenjongo enye.
"II. Igunya likaRhulumente eligqibeleleyo ligqiba ngeNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela injongo kunye nesivumelwano solawulo esinezibophelelo ezihambelanayo zabasayine. Icacisa ngokukodwa, ngexesha lokuqhutywa kwayo:
“1 ° Iinjongo ezinxulunyaniswe nomiliselo lomthetho kunye nemimiselo elawula indawo yobuchule bemanyano yamatyala;
"2 ° Iinjongo eziphambili ngokubhekiselele kwimbuyekezo yabakhubazekileyo kunye nokuphulukana nokuzimela, ngakumbi ngokubhekisele ekudalweni kweendawo ezintsha kunye nezixhobo;
“I-3 ° Iinjongo ezibekelwe abasemagunyeni abanobuchule kwinqanaba lendawo ukuphumeza izibonelelo zeNqaku L. 314-3;
4 ° Iindlela neendlela zokuvavanya iziphumo ezifunyenweyo ngokubhekisele kwiinjongo ezibekiweyo;
“5 ° Imithetho yokubala nokutshintsha iindleko zolawulo kwingxowa-mali.
“Iinjongo kunye nesivumelwano solawulo kugqityiwe kangangesithuba seminyaka emine. Ityikityiwe, egameni lengxowa-mali, ngusihlalo webhodi nangomlawuli.
“III. -Ummiselo umisela ubunjani kunye nomxholo wezivumelwano eziququzelela ubudlelwane phakathi kweNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela kunye ne-inshurensi yezempilo yesizwe kunye nemibutho yeinshurensi yabantu abadala kwaye ngakumbi ukutshintshiselana rhoqo ngolwazi olunxulumene isenzo sengxowa-mali. "

Isiqendu 57

Kwisahluko X seSihloko IV seNcwadi IV yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho, inqaku L. 14-10-3 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. UL. 14-10-3. Ingxowa-mali yeSizwe yoManyano lokuzimela inebhunga nomlawuli. Ibhunga lezenzululwazi lincedisa ibhunga kunye nomlawuli ekuchazeni ulwalathiso nokwenza izenzo zengxowa-mali.
"II. - Ibhodi yenziwe:
“1 ° Abameli bemibutho esebenza kwinqanaba likazwelonke bexhasa abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nabantu abadala;
“2 ° Abameli bebhunga jikelele;
“3 ° Abameli bemibutho yabasebenzi yesizwe yabasebenzi abamele intsingiselo yeNqaku L. 133-2 leKhowudi yabaSebenzi kunye nabameli abatyunjwe yimibutho yesizwe yobungcali babaqeshi abamele;
“4 ° Abameli bakaRhulumente;
“Ama-5 ° ePalamente;
“Abantu abayi-6 ° kunye nabameli bamaziko akhethwe ngokwemigangatho yemfundo abakuyo kwiindawo ezifanelekileyo zengxowa-mali.
“Usihlalo weBhodi wonyulwa yiBhodi kubantu abaqeqeshiweyo abakhankanywe kumhlathi odlulileyo. Utyunjwe ngummiselo womphathiswa onoxanduva kukhuseleko lwentlalo.
“Umlawuli uya kwiintlanganiso zebhodi kwindawo yokucebisa.
Ummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente ucacisa ukwakhiwa kwebhunga, indlela yokuchonga amalungu alo kunye neendlela zokusebenza.
“III. -Ibhunga leNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela limisela, ngokwenza iingxoxo zalo:
"1 ° Ukuphunyezwa kokuqhelaniswa kweenjongo kunye nesivumelwano solawulo esikhankanywe kwi-II yenqaku L. 14-10-1 kunye nokuqhelaniswa kwezivumelwano ezichazwe ku-III wenqaku elifanayo;
"I-2 ° Iinjongo eziza kulandelwa, ngakumbi ngaphakathi kwesakhelo sezivumelwano namasebe akhankanywe kwiNqaku L. abantu abakhubazekileyo nabantu abadala abaxhomekeke kubo;
“3 ° Imigaqo ekuya kuthi ngokwayo isixa senkcitho sonyaka sichazwe kwiNqaku L. 314-3.
“I-4 ° yokuqhelaniswa kobudlelwane bengxowa-mali namanye amaziko kunye nemibutho, kuzwelonke nakwamanye amazwe, asebenza kwicandelo lobuchule.
"Ibhodi igcinwa isaziswa ngumlawuli malunga nokuphunyezwa kwezifundo athe wazichaza wazenza, njengoko kukho imfuneko, izindululo azibona ziyimfuneko ukuze zigqitywe.
Ibhodi ikwaxoxa, ngesindululo esivela kumlawuli:
“1 ° Kwiakhawunti zeemali eziqikelelweyo, zinikezelwe ngokuhambelana nemigaqo yeNqaku L. 14-10-5;
"2 ° Kwingxelo ekhankanywe kwi-VI yeli nqaku.
“IV. -Umlawuli weNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano kuZimele wonyulwa ngummiselo.
“Unoxanduva lokusebenza kakuhle kwengxowa-mali, ulungisa iingxoxo zebhodi kwaye asebenzise ukuphunyezwa kwazo. Kananjalo, uthatha zonke izigqibo eziyimfuneko kwaye usebenzisa onke amagunya angabekelwanga kwelinye igunya.
“Unika ingxelo kwibhodi ngolawulo lwengxowa-mali.
“Umlawuli wazisa ibhodi ngengxowa-mali ngotshintsho olunokubangela ukungahambelani neenjongo ezimiselwe ngulo mva.
"Njengenxalenye yenkqubo ebhaliweyo yokuchasa, kunye nokuqinisekisa ukuthotyelwa kwemithetho nemigaqo esebenzayo kwintlawulo yolwabiwo lwamasebe, umlawuli angacela isebe ukuba linike inkcazo kunye namaxwebhu axhasayo ayimfuneko ekuhlalutyeni idatha edluliselwe irejista yemali ekusebenziseni amanqaku L. 232-17 kunye noL. 247-5.
“Umlawuli umele ingxowa-mali enkundleni nakuzo zonke izenzo zoluntu. Utyikitya izivumelwano, izivumelwano kunye notshintshiselwano ngokwentsingiselo yenqaku lama-2044 lekhowudi yoluntu, ligosa eligunyazisayo lenkcitho kunye neerisithi zengxowa-mali kwaye ihlanganisa i-akhawunti yezemali. Uqesha abasebenzi kwaye unegunya kubo. Unokudlulisela utyikityo.
"- Ibhunga lezenzululwazi lingathunyelwa libhunga okanye ngumlawuli wawo nawuphi na umbuzo wobuchwephesha okanye wobunzululwazi owela kwicandelo lolwazi lwengxowa-mali, ngakumbi kubume bemishini ekhankanyiweyo nge-3 °, 4 ° kunye ne-5 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 14-10-1.
Ukubunjwa kweli bhunga kunye neemeko zokuchongwa kwamalungu alo kunye neendlela zokusebenza kwawo zilungisiwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente.
"VI. - INgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela ihambisa, unyaka nonyaka, ePalamente nakuRhulumente, ingadlulanga i-15 ka-Okthobha, ingxelo ebonisa iiakhawunti zethutyana zeNgxowa-mali zalo nyaka uzayo nakulo nyaka uzayo ngokunjalo ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo ezabelwe icandelo ngalinye elichazwe kwinqaku uL. 14-10-5. Le ngxelo ichaza ngokukodwa ukuhanjiswa koncedo oluhlawulwe kumasebe ngokufaka inqaku elifanayo. Inikezela ngoxilongo ngokubanzi lweemeko zokuthatha uxanduva lokuphulukana nokuzimela kummandla wesizwe kwaye kubandakanya, ukuba kufanelekile, nasiphi na isindululo esikhangela ukuba siyimfuneko. "

Isiqendu 58

Emva kwenqaku L. 312-5 yesenzo sentlalo kunye nekhowudi yeentsapho, inqaku L. 312-5-1 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 312-5-1. -Ukuze kumiselwe kunye neenkonzo ezichazwe kwi-2 °, 3 °, 5 °, 6 ° kunye ne-7 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1, kunye nabo bakhankanyiweyo kwi-11 ° kunye ne-12 ekuthiwa ndamkela abantu Abantu abadala okanye abantu abakhubazekileyo, ummeli kaRhulumente kulo mmandla useka, ngokudibeneyo nabaphathi bamasebe achaphazelekayo, kwaye ahlaziye rhoqo ngonyaka inkqubo yenkxaso yamasebe yokukhubazeka nokuphulukana nokuzimela.
“Le nkqubo iseka, ngenxalenye yeenkonzo ezixhaswe sisigqibo somrhumo wegunya likaRhulumente onobuchule, izinto eziphambili ngokubaluleka kwezendalo, ukwandiswa okanye ukuguqulwa kwamaziko okanye iinkonzo kwinqanaba lommandla.
“Ezi zinto ziphambili ngokubaluleka ziyasekwa kwaye zihlaziyiwe ngokwesiseko sezicwangciso zesebe, ezommandla nezamasebe nezentlalo kunye namayeza nezentlalo ezichazwe kwinqaku uL. 312-5. Baqinisekisa ukuba:
“1 ° Ukuthathela ingqalelo ulwazelelo olumiswe ngummeli kaRhulumente ekusebenziseni umhlathi wesithandathu wenqaku elifanayo;
“2 ° inqanaba lendawo ngokulinganayo lenkxaso yeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokukhubazeka nokuxhomekeka;
“I-3 ° Inkxaso kubantu abakhubazekileyo abasesichengeni, ngakumbi ngokubhekisele kumalungiselelo enkqubo kazwelonke yezentlalo kunye neenkqubo zonyango.
“4 ° Ukucaciswa kokhathalelo lwempilo kunye neenkonzo zonyango nezentlalo kwinqanaba lommandla, ngakumbi ukuthathela ingqalelo ukusekwa okukhankanywe kwi-2 ° yenqaku L. 6111-2 lekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu.
“Inkqubo yamasebe ahlaziyiweyo kuthathelwa ingqalelo utshintsho kwiinkqubo zentlalo-ntle zesebe nezentlalo-ntle.
“Inkqubo yamasebe isekwa kwaye yahlaziywa ngummeli kaRhulumente kulo mmandla emva kokubonisana necandelo elinobuchule lekomiti yengingqi yombutho wezentlalo nonyango. Kuthunyelwa ulwazi kubongameli bebhunga jikelele. "
II. - Kumhlathi wesihlanu (4 °) weNqaku L. 313-4 lekhowudi efanayo, amagama athi: "Ngaba unendleko zokusebenza" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama athi: "Iyahambelana, xa kunjalo, nenkqubo phakathi kwisebe elikhankanyiweyo kwinqaku L. 312-5-1, kwaye ineendleko zokusebenza ”.

Isiqendu 59

I-Article L. 314-3 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya ithathe indawo yamanqaku amabini uL. 314-3 no-314-3-1 abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 314-3. - I. - Ukuxhaswa ngezimali kweenkonzo ezibonelelwa ngamaziko kunye neenkonzo ezichazwe kwiNqaku L. 314-3-1 ezinoxanduva lwamaqumrhu okhuseleko lwentlalo kuxhomekeke kwinkcitho ekujoliswe kuyo.
“Le njongo ibekwa minyaka le ngummiselo wabaphathiswa abajongene nokhuseleko kwezentlalo, isenzo sentlalo, uqoqosho kunye nohlahlo-lwabiwo mali, kwelinye icala, kwigalelo elivela kwizikim zeinshurensi yezempilo ebekwe Ummiselo ofanayo kwinkcitho yesizwe ye-inshurensi yezempilo evotelwe yiPalamente, kwelinye icala, inani eliqikelelweyo leemveliso ezichazwe kwi-1 ° kunye ne-2 ° yenqaku L. 14-10-4 .
“Ithathela ingqalelo impembelelo yalo naluphi na utshintsho kwimigaqo yamaxabiso yeenkonzo, kunye nezo zenguqu kulawulo lwenkxaso-mali kumaziko kunye neenkonzo ezichaphazelekayo.
"Ngokwesiseko sale njongo, nasemva kokurhola isahlulo esikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 162-43 yeKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo, kwa aba baphathiswa bathatha isigqibo, kwiintsuku ezilishumi elinesihlanu emva kokupapashwa komthetho wezemali ukhuseleko loluntu, isixa semali esipheleleyo senkcitho esiqwalaselweyo xa kubalwa ulwabiwo lwehlabathi, amaxabiso amisiweyo, amaxabiso emihla ngemihla kunye neerhafu ezinxulumene neenkonzo ezichazwe kumhlathi wokuqala.
"II. Inani elipheleleyo lonyaka elikhankanyiweyo kumhlathi wokugqibela we-I lihanjiswa yiNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela kuLwabiwo lwemimandla olunqongopheleyo.
"Ezi mali zezi zibonelelo zibekwe ngokweemfuno zabantu abakhubazekileyo nabaxhomekeke kubantu abadala, nanjengoko zisiphumo zeenkqubo zamasebe ezikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 312-5-1, nezinto eziphambili ngokubaluleka ezichazwe kwinqanaba likazwelonke ngokwemiqathango 'inkxaso kubantu abakhubazekileyo nabadala. Zidibanisa injongo yokunciphisa ngokuthe ngcembe ukungalingani kulwabiwo lwezixhobo phakathi kwemimandla, kwaye ke zinokuthi zithathele ingqalelo umsebenzi kunye neendleko eziphakathi kwamaziko kunye neenkonzo.
“III. Kwabo bamaziko kunye neenkonzo ezikhankanyiweyo kwiNqaku L. 314-3-1, ixabiso leenkonzo zalo libekwe ngummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe, ngokungqinelana neenkqubo eziphambili zamasebe kunye nolungelelwaniso ukhathalelo lwempilo kunye neenkonzo zonyango kunye nezentlalo, ummeli kaRhulumente kwingingqi, ngokudibeneyo nomlawuli wearhente yezibhedlele yengingqi, umlawuli wengxowa-mali yeinshurensi yezempilo yengingqi kunye Abameli boMbuso kumasebe, bacebisa kwiNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano noLondolozo ukuziswa kolwabiwo lommandla olukhankanywe ku-II kulwabiwo oluncinci lwesebe.
“INgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela ilungisa isixa-mali sezi nkxaso-mali.
“Phantsi kweemeko ezifanayo, ezi zabelo zesebe zinokwahlulahlulwa ngokwezabelo ezabelwe iindidi ezithile zabaxhamli okanye iinkonzo ezithile.
“Ubugcisa. L. 314-3-1. -Uwela ngaphakathi kwenjongo elawulwayo, ekusebenziseni inqaku L. 314-3, yiNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela:
"1 ° Ukusekwa kunye neenkonzo ezichazwe kwi-2 °, 3 °, b ye-5 ° kunye ne-7 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1;
"2 ° amaziko kunye neenkonzo ezikhankanyiweyo kwi-11 ° kunye ne-12 ° yam yenqaku elifanayo elamkela abantu abakhubazekileyo okanye abantu abadala abaxhomekeke kubo;
"3 ° Amaziko akhankanyiweyo kwi-6 ° I yenqaku L. 312-1 lale khowudi nakwi-2 ° yenqaku L. 6111-2 lekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu. "
II. Ekupheleni komhlathi wesibini we-Article L. 174-5 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo, amagama athi: "achazwe kwiNqaku L. 174-1-1 yale khowudi" athatyathelwe indawo ngamagama athi: " ichazwe kwiNqaku L. 314-3 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya ”.

Isiqendu 60

Kufakwe kwisahluko X sesihloko IV sencwadi IV yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, inqaku L. 14-10-5 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. UL. 14-10-5. Ingxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela ilanda izixhobo zayo kunye neendleko kumacandelo amathandathu ahlukeneyo ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"-Icandelo elinikezelwe ekuxhaseni ngemali amaziko asekuhlaleni nakwezamayeza okanye iinkonzo ezichazwe kwinqaku uL. 314-3-1, elahlulwe langamacandelwana amabini.
"Icandelo lokuqala linxulumene nolwakhiwo kunye neenkonzo ezikhankanyiweyo kwi-1 ° yeNqaku L. 1-314-3 kunye nezo zikwi-1 ° yenqaku elifanayo elinabantu abakhubazekileyo. Ulandelela:
"A) Kwizixhobo, iqhezu ubuncinci lilingana ne-10% kwaye ubukhulu becala lilingana ne-14% yemveliso yemirhumo ekubhekiswe kuyo kwi-1 ° kunye ne-2 ° yeNqaku L. 14-10-4, kunye nesabelo se igalelo eliphuma kwizikim zeinshurensi yezempilo, ezikhankanywe kumhlathi wesibini we-Article L 314-3, ejolise ekuxhaseni ngezimali ezi zibonelelo okanye iinkonzo;
“B) Kwiindleko, ukubuyiselwa kwezicwangciso zeinshurensi yezempilo yeenkcitho ezinxulumene nokwamkelwa kwamalungu abo kwezi ndawo okanye iinkonzo.
"Icandelo lesibini elingezantsi linxulumene nolwakhiwo kunye neenkonzo ezikhankanyiweyo kwi-2 ° yeNqaku L. 3-314-3 kunye nezo zikwi-1 ° yenqaku elifanayo elihlala abantu abadala. Ulandelela:
"A) Kwizixhobo, i-40% yengeniso evela kwimirhumo ekubhekiswe kuyo kwi-1 ° nakwi-2 ° yeNqaku L. 14-10-4, kunye nesabelo segalelo lezikim zeinshurensi yezempilo, ezikhankanyiweyo kumhlathi wesibini I weNqaku L. 314-3, ekujongwe ukuba lixhase ngemali ezi ndawo okanye iinkonzo;
“B) Kwiindleko, ukubuyiselwa kwezicwangciso zeinshurensi yezempilo yeenkcitho ezinxulumene nokwamkelwa kwamalungu abo kwezi ndawo okanye iinkonzo.
“Imisebenzi yocwangciso mali enxulumene nengeniso nenkcitho zeli candelo yenziwa ngaxeshanye nokuvalwa kweeakhawunti zonyaka-mali.
"II. Icandelo elinikezelwe kwinkonzo yesibonelelo sokuzimela esichazwe kwiNqaku L. 232-1. Ulandelela:
"A) Kwizibonelelo, iipesenti ezingama-20 zemveliso yemirhumo ekubhekiswe kuyo kwi-1 ° kunye ne-2 ° yeNqaku L. 14-10-4, imveliso ekhankanywe kwi-4 ° yenqaku elifanayo kunye nemveliso yegalelo ngokubanzi kwezentlalo elikhankanyiweyo I-3 ° yenqaku elifanayo, icuthwe ngesixa esikhankanywe kwi-IV yeli nqaku;
“B) Kwiindleko, igalelo elihlawulwe kumasebe ngaphakathi komda wobutyebi obukhankanyiweyo ku, lijolise ekuhlawuleni inxalenye yeendleko zesibonelelo esenzelwe wena ukuzimela. Isixa solu ncedo sihanjiswa ngokweendlela ezinikezelwe kwinqaku L. 14-10-6.
“III. -Icandelo elinikezelwe kwinkonzo yembuyekezo ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 245-1. Ulandelela:
“A) Kwizibonelelo, iqhezu ubuncinci lilingana ne-26% kwaye ubukhulu becala lilingana ne-30% yengeniso evela kwimirhumo ekubhekiswe kuyo ku-1 ° naku-2 ° weNqaku L. 14-10-4;
“B) Kwiirhafu, igalelo elihlawulwe kumasebe ngaphakathi komda wobutyebi obukhankanyiweyo ku, lijolise ekuhlawuleni inxalenye yeendleko zenkonzo yembuyekezo kunye negalelo elihlawulwe ukufakwa okanye ukusebenza kwezindlu zesebe zabantu abakhubazekileyo. Amanani olu ncedo asasazwa ngokweendlela ezichaziweyo kwinqaku L. 14-10-7.
Phambi kokurhuqa igalelo kula macandelo akhankanywe ku-V no-VI, zonke izixhobo ezilungiselelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo, nokuba zezokumiselwa kunye neenkonzo ezixhaswe licandelwana elikhankanywe ku-1 ka-I, okanye kweli candelo, kufuneka i-40% iyonke yengeniso evela kwimirhumo ekubhekiswe kuyo kwi-1 ° kunye ne-2 ° yeNqaku L. 14-10-4.
“IV. Icandelo elinikezelwe ekukhuthazeni amanyathelo amatsha kunye nokomeleza ubuchwephesha bobuchwephesha beenkonzo endaweni yabantu abadala. Ulandelela:
Kwizibonelelo, iqhezu lemveliso ekubhekiswe kuyo kwi-3 ° yeNqaku L. 14-10-4, elungelelaniswe ngokulandelelana kwabaphathiswa abajongene nemicimbi yezentlalo, ukhuseleko lwentlalo kunye nohlahlo-lwabiwo mali. ibe ngaphantsi kwe-5% kwaye ingabi ngaphezulu kwe-12% kuloo mveliso;
"B) Kwiindleko, inkxaso-mali yenkcitho kulwakhiwo lweenkonzo okanye ubuchwephesha kwezorhwebo obonelela amakhaya abantu abadala abaxhomekeke kubo ngoncedo kwimisebenzi yobomi bemihla ngemihla, kunye nenkcitho kuqeqesho nakwimigangatho yemfundo yabasebenzi bezokonga abagayiweyo. Kwisakhelo samanyathelo onyango amaziko kunye neenkonzo ezichazwe kwi-3 ° yenqaku L. 314-3-1.
"Iiprojekthi ezixhaswe leli candelo mazivunywe ligunya likarhulumente elinobuchule, eliqokelela, ukuba kukho imfuneko, kwiimeko nakwiimeko ezibekwe ngummiselo, uluvo lwangaphambili lweNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano kuZimele. .
"- Icandelo elinikezelwe ekuxhaseni ngemali ezinye iindleko kulungiselelwa abantu abakhubazekileyo nabantu abadala abaxhomekeke kubo, ethi ilandele ukuxhaswa kwezinye izinto ezithi ziwele kwicandelo lolwazi lwengxowa-mali, ngakumbi iindleko zoopopayi uthintelo, kunye neendleko zokufunda kumacandelo ezenzo zengxowa-mali:
"A) Kubantu abadala, ezi ntlawulo zilandelwa kwicandelwana elithile elongezelelwe ngeqhezu, elimiswe ngokomyalelo wabaphathiswa abajongene nabantu abadala kunye nohlahlo-lwabiwo mali, lwezixhobo ezilungiselelwe i-2 ye-I yam;
“B) Kubantu abakhubazekileyo, ezi ntlawulo zilandelwa kwicandelwana elithile elongezelelwe ngeqhezu, elimiswe ngummiselo wabaphathiswa abaphethe abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nohlahlo-lwabiwo mali, lwezixhobo ezibonelelwe kwi-III.
"VI. Icandelo elinikezelwe kwimirhumo yolawulo yengxowa-mali. Iindleko zeli candelo zixhaswa ngemali ngokuxothwa kwezixhobo ezichazwe kwi-1 ° ukuya kwi-4 ° yenqaku L. 14-10-4, ezisasazwa phakathi kwamacandelo angaphambili ngokwenani lezixhobo abazabelweyo.
"Ngendlela yokujongela phantsi inqaku elingu-L. 14 - 10-8, abantu abazokuhambisa bangabelwa, bebonke okanye ngokuyinxenye, kwamanye amacandelo, ngokomyalelo wabaphathiswa abajongene nabantu abadala, abakhubazekileyo kunye uhlahlo-lwabiwo mali emva kokubonisana neNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoManyano lokuZimela. "
II. -Icandelo L. 14-10-4 lekhowudi efanayo yongezwa nge-5 ° ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"5 ° Igalelo lezicwangciso zeinshurensi yezempilo ezikhankanywe kumhlathi wesibini wenqaku uL. 314-3. Eli galelo lisasazwa phakathi kwezicwangciso ngokwenani leentlawulo ezichazwe kubo phantsi kweCandelo L. 14-10-5. "

Isiqendu 61

Ifakiwe kwisahluko X sesihloko IV sencwadi IV yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, inqaku L. 14-10-7 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 14-10-7. Igalelo elikhankanywe ku-III weSiqendu L. 14-10-5 lisasazwa phakathi kwamasebe ngokwemigaqo ebekwe yimimiselo yeBhunga likaRhulumente ethathwe emva kothethwano neNational Solidarity Fund for Autonomy, Zonke ezi zinto okanye iinxalenye zazo:
"A) Inani labaxhamli kwisebe, kunyaka ophelileyo, wenkonzo yembuyekezo ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 245-1, ilungisiwe, kwimeko yomahluko omkhulu, ngokwexabiso lale nombolo. kwiminyaka edlulileyo. Kwiminyaka apho le nkonzo ibingasebenzi khona okanye ibingasebenzi ngokukodwa, eli nani lonyuswa ngenani labaxhamli kwisibonelelo sembuyekezo esikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 245-1 kwigama ngaphambi kokuqalisa ukusebenza. ukusebenza komthetho n ° 2005-102 kaFebruwari 11, 2005 yamalungelo alinganayo namathuba, ukuthatha inxaxheba kunye nokuba ngummi wabantu abakhubazekileyo;
“B) Iimpawu zabaxhamli kunye nesixa semali semivuzo esihlawulwe kunyaka ophelileyo, ngakumbi inani labaxhamli kwizibonelelo ezinkulu;
“C) Inani labaxhamli beenkonzo ezibonelelweyo kumaNqaku L. 341-1, L. 821-1 noL. 821-2 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo;
“D) Inani labaxhamli kwisibonelelo esinikezelwe kwiCandelo L. 541-1 leKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo;
“E) Abantu abadala beli sebe abakwiminyaka engaphantsi komlinganiselo obekiweyo kusetyenziso I lwenqaku L. 245-1 lale khowudi;
“F) Amandla erhafu, amiselwe ngokwemigaqo echazwe kwinqaku uL. 3334-6 lekhowudi ngokubanzi yabasemagunyeni.
"Ukuhlawulwa koncedo olunxulumene nokufakelwa nokusebenza kwamakhaya esebe lwenziwa ngokuhambelana nesivumelwano phakathi kweNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano kuLwazi kunye nesebe elichaphazelekayo, elijolise ekuchazeni iinjongo zomgangatho weenkonzo zekhaya. isebe labantu abakhubazekileyo kwaye bathathele ingqalelo ukufezekiswa kweenjongo zangaphambili.
"II. -Umlinganiso phakathi, kwelinye icala, inkcitho eyenzekileyo kwinkonzo yembuyekezo yesebe ngalinye emva kokutsalwa kwemali ehanjisiweyo ngokungqinelana nam kwaye, kwelinye icala, amandla abo erhafu angangaphezulu komgangatho obekiweyo indlela yolawulo. Iindleko ezihambelana neqhezu lale ratio idlula kulo mqobo zihlawulwe ngokupheleleyo yingxowa-mali.
"Ulwabiwo olubangelwe kukusebenza oluchazwe kum kumasebe ngaphandle kwalabo baxhamle kolunye ulwabiwo olongezelelweyo phantsi komhlathi ongaphambili lucuthwe ngesixa semali ebalwe ngoluhlobo, ngokuhambelana nolwabiwo olwenziweyo Ukusetyenziswa komhlathi ochaziweyo kuphela phakathi kwala masebe
“Imisebenzi echazwe kwimihlathi emibini eyandulelayo iyahlaziywa de inkcitho eshiyelwe intlawulo yesebe ngalinye ingagqithi kumda ochaziweyo kumhlathi wokuqala wale II. "

Isiqendu 62

Ikhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ziguqulwa ngolu hlobo:
Kwisiqendu sesine se-I yeNqaku L. 1-312, la magama athi: “ethi idluliselwe, njengoko inokuba njalo,” athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: “nelidluliselwa kwiNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela. kunye, njengoko kunokuba kunjalo, ”;
Kwisiqendu sesine seNqaku L. 2-312, la magama athi: "kugqitywe nguMphathiswa Wezemicimbi Yoluntu" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "ayamiswa, kwisindululo seNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano yokuzimela. xa besiza kwicandelo lobuchule, nguMphathiswa Wezemicimbi Yoluntu ”;
Phambi komhlathi wokugqibela weNqaku L. 3-451, kufakwe umhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“INgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela ekhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 14-10-1 ithatha inxaxheba emsebenzini onxulumene nenkcazo kunye nomxholo wezifundo zoqeqesho ezichaphazela abasebenzi abahlawulwayo nabangahlawulwanga ababandakanyeka kuthintelo kunye nembuyekezo ukukhubazeka kunye nokuphulukana nokuzimela. "
II. Umhlathi wokugqibela we-I weNqaku L. 162-17-3 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lwezeNtlalontle wongezwa ngala magama: L. 14-10-1 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ”.

Isiqendu 63

I-inshurensi yezempilo ibonelelwa ngaphandle kokwahlulahlula okuhambelana nobudala okanye ukukhubazeka, ngokuhambelana nemigaqo yomanyano lwesizwe kunye neyunivesithi echazwe kwiNqaku L. 111-1 leKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo. .

Isahluko II: Amakhaya eSebe abantu abakhubazekileyo (Isiqendu 64)

Isiqendu 64

Isahluko VI seSihloko IV seNcwadi I yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho igqityiwe ngamacandelo amabini e-2 nelesi-3 abhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
«Icandelo 2
"Amakhaya eSebe abantu abakhubazekileyo
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-3. -Ukuze unikeze ukufikelela okhethekileyo kumalungelo kunye neenkonzo ezichazwe kumaNqaku L. 241-3, L. 241-3-1 kunye no-245-1 ukuya ku-L. 245-11 yale khowudi nakumaNqaku L. 412- 8-3, L. 432-9, L. 541-1, L. 821-1 kunye noL. 821-2 wekhowudi yokhuseleko lwentlalo, kuwo onke amathuba enkxaso ekufikeleleni kuqeqesho kunye ingqesho nokudluliselwa kumaziko nakwiinkonzo kwanokuququzelela iinkqubo zabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo, indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo yenziwe kwisebe ngalinye.
“Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo inomsebenzi wokwamkela, ukwazisa, ukuxhasa nokucebisa abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo, kunye nokwazisa bonke abemi malunga nokukhubazeka. Imisela kwaye iququzelele ukusebenza kweqela leenkqubo ezininzi ezikhankanywe kwinqaku L. l46-8 lekomiti yamalungelo nokuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 146-9, lenkqubo yoxolelwaniso lwangaphakathi oluchazwe kwiNqaku L. Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo ibonelela abo bakhubazekileyo kunye nosapho lwabo ngoncedo abaludingayo ukuze benze isicwangciso sobomi babo, uncedo abaludingayo ukuze baphumeze izigqibo ezithathwe yikomiti yamalungelo nokuzimela. abantu abakhubazekileyo, inkxaso kunye noxolelwaniso olunokufuna olu setyenziso. Inika inkxaso eyimfuneko kubantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo emva kwesibhengezo nangexesha lophuhliso lokukhubazeka kwabo.
“Ukwenza imisebenzi yayo, indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo inokuthembela kumaziko oomasipala okanye oomasipala abasebenza ngaphakathi okanye kwimibutho enikezela ngeenkonzo zovavanyo kunye nenkxaso kwiimfuno zabantu abakhubazekileyo Ukupasa indibano.
“Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo iququzelela iintshukumo zokunxibelelanisa nezinye iinkqubo zempilo kunye nezentlalo malunga nabantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Umanyano lokudityaniswa kobungcali lonyulwa kwiziko ngalinye lesebe labantu abakhubazekileyo.
Indlu nganye yesebe iqokelela kwaye igqithise idatha ekhankanyiweyo kwinqaku L. 247-2, kunye nedatha enxulumene nokulandelwa kugcinelwe uqheliso oluchazwe yikhomishini yamalungelo okuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo, ngakumbi kumaziko kunye neenkonzo. ukwamkela okanye ukuxhasa abantu abachaphazelekayo.
“Ubugcisa. Umzobo 146-4. - Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo liqela elinomdla eluntwini, apho isebe libonelela ngolawulo lwezemali.
"Isebe, uRhulumente kunye neinshurensi yezempilo yasekuhlaleni kunye nemibutho yesibonelelo sosapho yenkqubo yokhuseleko lwentlalo echazwe kumaNqaku L. 211-1 kunye noL. 212-1 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lwezeNtlalo kweli qela.
"Abanye abantu abasemthethweni banokufaka isicelo sokuba ngamalungu, ngakumbi abantu abasemthethweni abamele imibutho elawula amaziko okanye iinkonzo ezilungiselelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo, abo baqinisekisa ulungelelwaniso lokumela abo kunye nabanye abantu abasemthethweni abathatha inxaxheba kwinkxaso mali. Ingxowa mali yembuyekezo yesebe ibonelelwe kwinqaku L. 146-5 lale khowudi.
“Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo ilawulwa yikomiti yesigqeba echotshelwe ngumongameli webhunga jikelele.
“Ukongeza kumongameli wayo, ibhodi yesigqeba ibandakanya:
“1 ° Amalungu amele isebe, abekwe ngumongameli webhunga jikelele, ukuba isiqingatha sezikhundla sigcwaliswe;
“Amalungu ama-2 ° amele imibutho yabantu abakhubazekileyo, abatyunjwe libhunga labacebisi lesebe labantu abakhubazekileyo, kwikota yezikhundla eziza kugcwaliswa;
“3 ° Kwikota eseleyo yamalungu:
“A) Abameli bakarhulumente abatyunjwe ngummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe kunye nomphathi ofanelekileyo wesikolo;
“B) Abameli beinshurensi yezempilo yasekuhlaleni kunye nemibutho yesibonelelo sosapho phantsi kwenkqubo ngokubanzi, echazwe kumaNqaku L. 211-1 kunye noL. 212-1 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo;
“C) Apho kufanelekileyo, abameli bamanye amalungu eqela alungiselelwe kwisivumelwano seqela.
“Izigqibo zendlu yesebe labantu abakhubazekileyo zithathwa yivoti yesininzi. Kwimeko yokuvota, umongameli uya kuthatha isigqibo.
“Umlawuli kwindlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo wonyulwa ngumongameli webhunga jikelele.
Isivumelwano seqela sichaza ngakumbi imigaqo yobulungu kunye nokurhoxa kwamalungu kunye nohlobo loncedo abalunikezeleyo.
"Ukungabikho kwesiginitsha yesivumelwano ngoJanuwari 1, 2006 ngawo onke amalungu abonelelwe nge-1 ° ukuya kwi-3 ° ngaphezulu, uSihlalo webhunga jikelele unokuthatha isigqibo sokuqalisa ukusebenza kwesivumelwano phakathi kwenxalenye kuphela amalungu. Kwimeko yokungaphumeleli kokugqibela, ummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe uthatha isigqibo malunga nomxholo wesivumelwano solawulo ngokuhambelana nemimiselo yesivumelwano esisisiseko esichazwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente.
“Abasebenzi bendlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo baquka:
“1 ° Abasebenzi benziwe bafumaneka ngamaqela kwisivumelwano sokuseka;
“2 ° Apho kufanelekileyo, amagosa alawulwa ngummiselo jikelele weenkonzo zikaRhulumente, indawo yenkonzo yaseburhulumenteni okanye inkonzo yasesibhedlele, ebekwe ukuxhasa;
“3 ° Apho kufanelekileyo, iiarhente zekhontrakthi zomthetho woluntu, zigaywa yindlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo, kwaye ngokuxhomekeke kwimimiselo esebenzayo kwiiarhente ezingekho mthethweni zenkonzo yoluntu;
“4 ° Apho kufanelekileyo, iiarhente zekhontrakthi phantsi komthetho wabucala, zigaywe yindlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-5. Indlu nganye yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo ilawula ingxowa mali yembuyekezo yokukhubazeka enoxanduva lokubonelela ngoncedo lwezezimali olujolise ekwenzeni abantu abakhubazekileyo bakwazi ukuhlangabezana neendleko zembuyekezo ezishiyekileyo kwiindleko zabo, emva kokuxhuzulwa kwesibonelelo sembuyekezo esikhankanywe l Inqaku L. 245-1. Abanegalelo kwingxowa-mali yesebe ngamalungu ekomiti yolawulo. Le komiti inoxanduva lokuchonga ukusetyenziswa kweemali ezihlawulwe yingxowa-mali. Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo inika ingxelo kwabo banegalelo ngokusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zengxowa mali yembuyekezo.
"Iindleko zembuyekezo ezishiyekileyo luxanduva lomxhamli wenkonzo ebonelelwe kwinqaku uL. 245-6, ngaphakathi kwemida yereyithi namaxabiso ekubhekiswe kuwo kumhlathi wokuqala wenqaku elichaziweyo, lingagqithi kwi-10% yemithombo yakhe yobuqu 'Iirhafu phantsi kweemeko ezichazwe ngummiselo.
“Isebe, uRhulumente, abanye abasemagunyeni, imibutho yeinshurensi yezempilo, imali yesibonelelo sosapho, imibutho elawulwa yikhowudi yeinshurensi yomanyano, umbutho okhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 323-8 -3 yekhowudi yabasebenzi, ingxowa-mali ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 323-8-6-1 yale khowudi kunye nabanye abantu abasemthethweni abachaphazelekayo banokuthatha inxaxheba kwinkxaso mali yale ngxowa-mali. Isivumelwano phakathi kwamalungu ekomiti yolawulo sibonelela ngeendlela zokwenza umbutho nezokusebenza.
“Ubugcisa. Umzobo 146-6. Amakhaya eSebe abantu abakhubazekileyo angasebenza ngokudibeneyo nolwazi lwengingqi kunye namaziko okulungelelanisa.
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-7. - Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo ibonelela, kwiminxeba engxamisekileyo, inombolo yasimahla yasimahla yomntu ofowunayo, kubandakanya ukusuka kwiselfowuni.
“Indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo ivelisa ize isasaze incwadana yolwazi ngamalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nomlo ochasene nokuphathwa gadalala.
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-8. -Iqela elinamacandelo ahlukeneyo livavanya iimfuno zembuyekezo zomntu okhubazekileyo kunye nokusilela kwakhe ngokusisigxina kwiprojekthi yobomi kunye nezalathiso ezichazwe ngummiselo kwaye ziphakamisa isicwangciso sembuyekezo yokukhubazeka esenzelwe umntu. Iyayiva ngokwayo okanye xa beyicela, umntu okhubazekileyo, abazali bakhe xa esemncinci, okanye abameli bakhe bezomthetho. Ngokukhawuleza xa ekwazi ukuqonda, umntwana okhubazekileyo ngokwakhe uviwa liqela leenkqubo ezininzi. Iqela elinamacandelo ngamacandelo amaninzi liya kwindawo yalo mntu nokuba kungokuthanda kwakhe okanye ngokwesicelo somntu okhubazekileyo. Ngexesha lovavanyo, umntu okhubazekileyo, abazali bakhe okanye abameli babo bezomthetho banokuncedwa ngumntu abamthandayo. Ukwakhiwa kweqela elinamacandelo ngamacandelo ahluka-hlukeneyo kungahluka ngokobume bokukhubazeka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo abafumana imbuyekezo okanye ukungakwazi kusebenza ngokusisigxina.
"Iqela elinamalungelo ngamacandelo ahlukeneyo licela, xa kukho imfuneko kwaye xa abantu abachaphazelekayo becela njalo, uncedo lwamaziko okanye lweenkonzo ekubhekiselwe kuzo nge-11 ° I ye-Article L. 312-1 okanye yamaziko achongwe njenge amaziko ekubhekiswa kuwo anqabileyo okanye iqela lezifo ezinqabileyo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-9. -Ikomiti yamalungelo nokuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ithatha, ngesiseko sovavanyo olwenziwe liqela leenkqubo ezininzi ezikhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-8, iminqweno evakaliswe ngumntu okhubazekileyo okanye ummeli wakhe wezomthetho. kwisicwangciso sobomi bakhe nesicwangciso sembuyekezo esicetywayo phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kumaNqaku L. 114-1 noL. 146-8, izigqibo ezinxulumene nawo onke amalungelo alo mntu, ngakumbi ngokubhekisele kulwabiwo lweenkonzo kunye nesikhokelo, ngokungqinelana nemigaqo yamaNqaku L. 241-5 ukuya kuL. 241-11.
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-10. -Ngaphandle kokukhetha amayeza akhankanywe kwinqaku L. 241-9, xa umntu okhubazekileyo, abazali bakhe ukuba usemncinci, okanye abameli bakhe bezomthetho basiqwalasele eso sigqibo sekomiti ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. I-146-9 iyawahoya amalungelo ayo, banokucela ungenelelo lomntu ofanelekileyo ojongene nokuphakamisa amanyathelo oxolelwaniso. Uluhlu lwabantu abafanelekileyo baqulunqwa yindlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Ukuqaliswa kwenkqubo yoxolelwaniso kuyamisa amaxesha okubhena.
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-11. -Iqela lababeki benkathalo lenziwe ngaphakathi kwisebe labantu abakhubazekileyo, abathunywe ukuba babe:
“1 ° Ukuvavanywa kweemfuno zokonga;
“2 ° Ukusekwa kweendlela zokuphendula kubo;
“3 ° Ulawulo lwenkonzo yongenelelo ngoncedo olungxamisekileyo lwabantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Eli qela linokuya kugqirha oya kwisivumelwano nomntu okhubazekileyo okanye umntu lowo ngokwakhe. Kwisithuba seentsuku ezilishumi zomhla wokungeniswa kwesicelo, iqela liqhuba uvavanyo oluchanekileyo lweemfuno zenkxaso yomntu onesi kwaye liphakamisa izisombululo ezilungisiweyo. Kwimeko yokusilela, iyangenelela kwiinkonzo zononophelo ezikhoyo ukuze isisombululo esikhawulezileyo sifumaneke.
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-12. Iindlela zokusetyenziswa kweli candelo zichongwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente.
«Icandelo 3
"Ukuphathwa ngocwangco kweembambano
“Ubugcisa. L. 146-13. -Ukuququzelela ukuphunyezwa kwamalungelo acaciswe kwiNqaku L. 114-1 kwaye ngaphandle kokuthintela amayeza akhoyo, umntu oqhagamshelana naye unyulwa kwiziko ngalinye lesebe labantu abakhubazekileyo. Umsebenzi wayo kukufumana nokuqondisa izikhalazo ezivela kubantu abakhubazekileyo okanye kubameli babo kwiinkonzo ezifanelekileyo kunye nabasemagunyeni.
Izikhalazo ezibandakanya ulawulo, ugunyaziwe wengingqi, iziko loluntu okanye naliphi na elinye iqumrhu elityalomali kwinkonzo zaseburhulumenteni zigqithiswa ngulowo ubhekisa kuye kuMlamli weRiphabliki, ngokwegunya lakhe elichazwe ngumthetho no. 73-6 kaJanuwari 3, 1973 eseka uMlamli weRiphabhlikhi.
Izikhalazo ezibandakanya umntu osemthethweni okanye wendalo olawulwa ngumthetho wabucala ongatyaliwanga kwimishini yenkonzo zikarhulumente zigqithiswa nguloo mntu unxibelelana naye kwigunya elifanelekileyo okanye kwiziko elifanelekileyo lokuhlola nokulawula . "

Isahluko III: Amakhadi abelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo (Isiqendu 65)

Isiqendu 65

I-Article L. 241-3 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya ibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-3. - Ikhadi lokukhubazeka likhutshwa ngokusisigxina okanye ixesha elimiselwe yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 kuye nawuphina umntu onqanaba lokukhubazeka ngokusisigxina okungenani ama-80%, kuvavanywa ngokwemilinganiselo ichazwe ngummiselo, okanye echazwe kudidi lwesithathu lomhlala-phantsi wokungabikho komhlala phantsi. Eli khadi livumela ngokukodwa ukufikelela ukufikelela phambili kwezihlalo kwizithuthi zikawonke-wonke, kwiindawo zokulinda nakumagumbi nakumaziko nakwiminyhadala evulelekileyo kuluntu, kokubini kubanini bayo nakumntu uhamba naye kuhambo lwakhe. Ikwenza ukuba kube nakho ukufumana ukubekwa phambili kwimigca. Eli lungiselelo kufuneka likhunjulwe ngokubonisa okucacileyo nokubonakalayo kwiindawo apho kusetyenziswa eli lungelo. "
II. Inqaku L. 241-3-1 lekhowudi efanayo lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-3-1. - Nabani na okhubazekileyo ongaphantsi kwama-80% owenza ukuphakama abuhlungu, ufumana ixesha elimisiweyo, ikhadi elinala magama: “Ukubekwa phambili kwabantu abakhubazekileyo. Eli khadi likhutshwa ngesicelo yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9. Inika ukufikelela okuphambili kwezihlalo kwizithuthi zikawonkewonke, kwiindawo zokulinda nakumagumbi nakumaziko nakwiminyhadala evulelekileyo kuluntu. Ikwenza ukuba kube nakho ukufumana ukubekwa phambili kwimigca. "
III. -Icandelo L. 241-3-2 lekhowudi efanayo lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
1 ° Umhlathi wokuqala uthathelwe indawo yimihlathi emibini ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Nabani na, kubandakanya nabantu abagqunywe yikhowudi yempesheni yokungabikho komkhosi kunye namaxhoba emfazwe kunye nekhowudi yokhuseleko lwentlalo, onengxaki yokukhubazeka ethi inciphise kwaye igcine amandla abo nokuzimela ngeenyawo okanye ofuna ukuba ahambe nomntu wesithathu xa ehamba, angafumana ikhadi lokupaka elikhubazekileyo. Eli khadi likhutshwa ngumphathi ngokoluvo lukagqirha onoxanduva lokuvavanywa kwesicelo.
“Imibutho esebenzisa isithuthi esijolise ekuthuthweni kwabantu abakhubazekileyo inokufumana ikhadi lokupaka elikhubazekileyo. ";
2 ° Igqityiwe ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
Ummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente ubeka imiqathango yokusetyenziswa kweli nqaku. "
IV. -Ingongoma 3 yenqaku L. 2213-2 yekhowudi ngokubanzi yabasemagunyeni ifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Indawo ebekwe kwiindlela zikawonke - wonke okanye nakweyiphi enye indawo yokupaka evulekileyo kwiindawo zokupaka zikawonkewonke ezilungiselelwe izithuthi ezisetyenziswa ngabantu abaphethe ikhadi lokupaka eliboniswe kwiNqaku L. 3-241-3 loMgaqo isenzo sentlalo kunye neentsapho. "

Isahluko IV: IKomiti yamaLungelo nokuZimela yaBantu abaKhubazekileyo (amaNqaku 66 ukuya ku-70)

Isiqendu 66

Emva kweSahluko I seSihloko IV seNcwadi II yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho, iSahluko I bis sifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isahluko I bis
"IKomishoni yamaLungelo
kunye nokuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-5. -Ikomiti yamalungelo nokuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ibandakanya abameli besebe, iinkonzo zikarhulumente, imibutho yokhuseleko kwezentlalo, imibutho yabasebenzi, imibutho yabazali kunye, ubuncinci Isithathu samalungu ayo, abameli babantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo ezichongwe yimibutho yabameli, kunye nelungu elinye lebhunga leengcebiso labakhubazekileyo. Abameli bemibutho elawula amaziko okanye iinkonzo bahlala kwikomiti kwindawo yokucebisa.
“Usihlalo wekomiti wonyulwa qho emva kweminyaka emibini ngamalungu ekomiti.
“IKomiti yamaLungelo nokuZimela yaBantu abaKhubazekileyo ihleli kumalungu onke kwaye inokulungelelaniswa ngokwamacandelo engingqi okanye awodwa.
“Xa kumiselwa amacandelo, kufuneka babandakanye phakathi kwamalungu abo isinye kwisithathu sabameli babantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo.
“Izigqibo zekomiti zithathwa emva kwevoti yamalungu ekomiti. Iindlela kunye nemithetho yokuvota kwesininzi, enokuthi ngqo kwisigqibo ngasinye kuxhomekeke kwindalo, imiselwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente. Xa isigqibo sithinta ulwabiwo lwenzuzo, uninzi lweevoti lubanjwa ngabameli beBhunga Jikelele.
"IKhomishini yamaLungelo nokuZimela yaBantu abaKhubazekileyo inokuthi yamkele, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente, inkqubo elula yokwenza izigqibo kwaye inyule phakathi kwamalungu ayo amalungu anikwe igunya lokuyiphumeza, ngaphandle inkcaso yomntu okhubazekileyo ochaphazelekayo okanye ummeli wabo wezomthetho.
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-6. IKomiti yamaLungelo nokuZimela yaBantu abaKhubazekileyo inoxanduva loku:
“1 ° Ukuvakalisa uluvo malunga nokuqhelaniswa nomntu okhubazekileyo kunye namanyathelo afanelekileyo okuqinisekisa ukudibana kwakhe kwezemfundo okanye kobungcali kunye noluntu;
"2 ° Chonga amaziko okanye iinkonzo ezingqinelana neemfuno zomntwana okanye zokufikisa okanye ezinegalelo ekufundisweni ngokutsha, ekufundisweni, ekumiselweni ngokutsha nokwamkelwa kwabantu abadala abakhubazekileyo nabanakho ukwamkela;
"3 ° Yazisa:
"Ukuba imeko okanye inqanaba lokukhubazeka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo lithethelela ulwabiwo, lomntwana okanye lokufikisa, lwesibonelelo kwaye, mhlawumbi, songezo saso esikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 541 -1 yekhowudi yokhuseleko lwentlalo, ukwanda okukhankanywe kwinqaku L. 541-4 lekhowudi efanayo, kunye nekhadi lokukhubazeka kunye nekhadi elinala magama: “Eyona nto iphambili kubantu abakhubazekileyo ebonelelwe ngokulandelelana Amanqaku uL. 241-3 kunye no-241-3-1 wale khowudi kwaye, kubantu abadala, isibonelelo esibonelelweyo kumaNqaku L. 821-1 kunye noL. 821-2 weKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo kunye izibonelelo ezongezelelweyo ezibonelelwe kwinqaku L. 821-1-1 yale khowudi, kunye nekhadi lokukhubazeka kunye nekhadi elibhalwe la magama: “Ukubekwa phambili kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kubonelelwe ngokulandelelana kumanqaku L. 241-3 kunye L. 241-3-1 yale khowudi;
“B) Ukuba iimfuno zembuyekezo zomntwana okanye zabantu abadala abakhubazekileyo zenza ukuba kunikwe isibonelelo sembuyekezo phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwinqaku uL. 245-1;
“C) Ukuba amandla okusebenza omntu okhubazekileyo alungisa ulwabiwo lwezixhobo ezongezelelweyo ezichazwe kwiNqaku L. 821-1-1 kwiKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo;
“4 ° Qaphela, ukuba kufanelekile, iwonga lomsebenzi okhubazekileyo kubantu abahlangabezana nemiqathango echazwe kwiNqaku L. 323-10 leKhowudi yoMsebenzi;
“5 ° Thatha isigqibo ngenkxaso yabantu abakhubazekileyo abangaphezu kweminyaka engamashumi amathandathu abahlala kwizakhiwo zabantu abadala abakhubazekileyo.
"II. -Izigqibo zekomiti, kuzo zonke iimeko, ziyaqiqiswa kwaye ziphantsi koqwalaselo lwamaxesha ngamaxesha. Ukuphindaphindwa kolu phononongo kunye nemigaqo yalo, ngakumbi ngokubhekisele kwimeko ebuyisekayo okanye engabuyisekiyo yokukhubazeka, zibekwe ngummiselo.
“III. -Ukuba ithathe isigqibo malunga nokuqhelaniswa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo naxa ichaza amaziko okanye iinkonzo ezinokuthi zamkelwe, ikhomishini yamalungelo kunye nokuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kuyafuneka ukuba acebise umntu okhubazekileyo okanye , ukuba kukho imfuneko, kubazali bakhe okanye abameli bakhe bezomthetho ukhetho phakathi kwezisombululo ezininzi ezilungisiweyo
“Isigqibo sekhomishini esenziwe phantsi kwe-2 ° sibophelela nakuluphi na iziko okanye inkonzo ngaphakathi komda wobungcali obugunyazisiweyo okanye obuvunyiweyo.
"Xa abazali okanye abameli bezomthetho bomntwana okhubazekileyo okanye abakwishumi elivisayo okanye umntu omdala okhubazekileyo okanye abameli bakhe bezomthetho besazisa ngokuthanda kwabo kwindawo okanye inkonzo ewela kudidi lwabo ikomiti igqibe ekubeni Isikhokelo kwaye sikwazi ukuwamkela, ikomiti iyacelwa ukuba ibandakanye eli ziko okanye inkonzo phakathi kwabo ichaza, nokuba ikuphi.
Ngokukodwa, ikomiti inokuchonga iziko elinye okanye inkonzo.
"Xa imeko yakhe okanye imeko yakhe ikwenza kufaneleke, umntu okhubazekileyo okanye ummeli wakhe, abazali okanye abameli bezomthetho bomntwana okhubazekileyo okanye abakwishumi elivisayo okanye ukusekwa okanye inkonzo banokucela Ukuhlaziywa kwesigqibo sokuqhelaniswa esathathwa yikhomishini. Ukusekwa okanye inkonzo ayinakuphelisa, ngokuzenzela kwayo, inkxaso ngaphandle kwesigqibo sekomiti.
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-7. -Umntu omdala okhubazekileyo, apho kufanelekileyo ummeli wakhe wezomthetho, abazali okanye abameli bezomthetho bomntwana okhubazekileyo okanye abakwishumi elivisayo bayabonisana nekomiti malunga namalungelo nokuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo. Banokuncedwa ngumntu ababathandayo okanye bamelwe.
"Ikhomishini iyakuqinisekisa ukuba ngaba abantu abakhubazekileyo okanye omnye wabakhubazekileyo ekubhekiswa kubo unezinga eliphantsi nokuba, ukuba kunjalo, iqela elinamacandelo ahlukeneyo liye laxoxa kangangoko kuyimfuneko iziko lobuchule ekubhekiswe kulo kwinqaku L 146-8 kwaye wayithatha ingcebiso yakhe.
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-8. -Kuxhomekeke ekuzalisekisweni kwemiqathango yelungelo lokufumana izibonelelo, izigqibo zamaqumrhu anoxanduva lokuhlawula iindleko ezenziweyo kulwakhiwo kunye neenkonzo kunye nezo zamaziko anoxanduva lokuhlawula izibonelelo kunye nezongezo zazo ezinikezelwe kumanqaku. L. 541-1 kunye noL. 821-1 ukuya kuL. 821-2 wekhowudi yokhuseleko lwentlalo kunye nesibonelelo sembuyekezo esibonelelwe kwinqaku L. 245-1 yale khowudi sithathwa ngokungqinelana nesigqibo ikhomishini yamalungelo kunye nokuzimela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Umbutho awunakho ukwala inkxaso yokusekwa okanye inkonzo, ukuba iphakathi kwabo batyunjwe yikomiti, apho abazali okanye abameli bezomthetho bomntwana okanye abakwishumi elivisayo abakhubazekileyo bavakalisa ukuthanda kwabo. Unokunika inkxaso yethutyana phambi kwaso nasiphi na isigqibo sekomiti.
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-9. -Izigqibo eziwela phantsi kwe-1 ° I yeNqaku L. 241-6 elithathiweyo ngokubhekisele kumntwana okhubazekileyo okanye kwinqanaba lokufikisa, kunye nabo bawela phantsi kwe-2 ° kunye ne-3 ° ye-in inqaku elifanayo banokwenza ngokuxhomekeke ekubheneni phambi kolawulo lobuchwephesha lolawulo lwezokhuseleko loluntu. Esi sibheno, esivulelekileyo kuye nawuphina umntu nakulo naliphi na iqumrhu elinomdla, asinasiphumo sokurhoxisa, ngaphandle kwaxa siziswa ngumntu okhubazekileyo okanye ummeli wakhe wezomthetho ngokuchasene nezigqibo eziwela phantsi kwe-2 ° yecandelo L. 241-6.
“Izigqibo eziwela phantsi kwe-1 ° I yenqaku elifanayo, zithathwa malunga nomntu okhubazekileyo, kunye no-4 ° we-I kwinqaku elichaziweyo banokubhenelwa phambi kwenkundla yezolawulo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-10. -Amalungu eqela elinamacandelo ahlukeneyo kunye nekomiti ngokulandelelana ekhankanywe kumanqaku L. 146-8 kunye ne-146-9 ziboshwe yimfihlo yobuchwephesha phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kumanqaku 226-13 kunye ne-226-14 yekhowudi yokohlwaya.
“Ubugcisa. L. 241-11. Ngaphandle kokuba kubonelelwe ngenye indlela, imiqathango yokusetyenziswa kweli candelo ichongiwe ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente. "

Isiqendu 67

I. -Kumhlathi wesibini wenqaku L. 121-4 wenqubo yentlalo kunye neekhowudi zeentsapho, amagama athi: “kwaye kwinqaku L. 323-11 lekhowudi yabasebenzi, iphinde yavela kwinqaku L. 243-1 yale khowudi ”athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi:" nakwinqaku uL. 146-9 ".
II. -Isahluko II seSihloko IV seNcwadi II yekhowudi efanayo siyalungiswa:
1 ° Inesihloko esithi: "Ukukhubazeka kobuntwana kunye nokufikisa";
2 ° Icandelo 1 kunye necandelo 2 zenza icandelo 1 elinesihloko esithi: “Imfundo nenkxaso kubantwana abakhubazekileyo nakwishumi elivisayo”;
3 ° Inqaku L. 242-1 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 242-1. -Imithetho enxulumene nemfundo yabantwana abakhubazekileyo nakwishumi elivisayo icacisiwe kumaNqaku uL. ";
4 ° Amanqaku L. 242-2, L. 242-3 kunye noL. 242-5 ukuya kuL. 242-9 ayarhoxiswa;
5 ° Inqaku L. 242-4 lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
a) Amagama athi: "indawo yemfundo eyodwa" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "ukusekwa okanye inkonzo ekhankanywe ku-2 ° we-I wenqaku L. 312-1";
b) Amagama athi: "ikomiti yezobugcisa yesikhokelo sobungcali kunye nokuhlelwa ngokutsha" ithathelwe indawo ngamagama athi: "ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-9";
c) Amagama athi: “ngokungqinelana nenqaku L. 323-11 lekhowudi yabasebenzi eveliswe kwinqaku L. 243-1 yale khowudi,” ayacinywa;
d) Amagama athi: "Isigqibo esihlanganyelweyo sekhomishini yezemfundo ekhethekileyo yesebe kunye nekhomishini yezobuchwephesha yolwalathiso lomsebenzi kunye nokuhlelwa ngokutsha" zithathelwe indawo ngala magama: "isigqibo sekhomishini esikhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-9 behleli bebonke ”;
e) Yongezwa ngemihlathi emithathu ebhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Rhoqo emva kweminyaka emibini, ummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe uthumela kumongameli webhunga jikelele nakwibhunga labacebisi lesebe labantu abakhubazekileyo ingxelo ngesicelo seli nqaku. Le ngxelo ikwathunyelwe, kunye nokuqwalaselwa kunye neengcebiso zebhunga elicebisa isebe labantu abakhubazekileyo, kwibhunga lesizwe elikhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-1.
“Nawuphi na umntu okhubazekileyo okanye ummeli wakhe unelungelo lokufumana ulwazi ngeziqinisekiso azinikwe leli nqaku. Olu lwazi unikwa ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 ubuncinci kwiinyanga ezintandathu ngaphambi komda wobudala okhankanywe kumhlathi wesibini.
“Ngenxa yale ngxelo yeminyaka emibini ichazwe ngasentla, onke amanyathelo athathiwe ngokwaneleyo kwaye asemgangathweni ukuyila, ngokwenkqubo yezizwe ngezizwe, iindawo ekumiselwe kuzo eziyimfuneko ukuze kwamkelwe abantu abatsha abakhubazekileyo abaneminyaka engaphezulu kwamashumi amabini. ";
Kwisiqendu sokuqala seNqaku L. 6-242, la magama athi: "imfundo ekhethekileyo neyobugcisa" athatyathelw'indawo ngamagama: "okanye iinkonzo ezichazwe ku-10 ° I weNqaku L. 2-312 ";
7 ° Umhlathi wokugqibela weNqaku L. 242-12 ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ummiselo umisela imiqathango yokusetyenziswa kweli nqaku kwaye ngokukodwa iindidi zamaziko emfundo-amayeza achaphazelekayo. "
I-8 ° Icandelo 3 liba licandelo 2 kwaye linelungelo: “Isibonelelo semfundo sabantwana abakhubazekileyo”;
9 ° Inqaku L. 242-14 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 242-14. Imithetho enxulumene nesibonelelo semfundo somntwana okhubazekileyo isethwe yimigaqo yamaNqaku L. 541-1, L. 541-2, L. 541-3 kunye noL. 541-4 weKhowudi Ukhuseleko lasekuhlaleni " ;
I-10 ° Icandelo le-4 kunye nenqaku layo elilodwa liyarhoxiswa.
III. - Kwi-2 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1 lekhowudi efanayo, amagama athi: "kunye nemfundo ekhethekileyo" ayacinywa.
IV. - Kumhlathi wesine wenqaku L. 421-10 lekhowudi efanayo, amagama athi: "kwiziko lemfundo elilodwa" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "kwiziko okanye kwinkonzo ekhankanywe ku-2 ka-I wenqaku L 312-1 ".
V. - Kwisahluko III sesihloko IV sencwadi II yekhowudi efanayo, amanqaku L. 243-1 ukuya kuL. 243-3 ayarhoxiswa. Ukwahlulahlulahlula isahluko sibe ngamacandelo kuyacinywa.

Isiqendu 68

Ikhowudi yokhuseleko kwezentlalo iyalungiswa:
1 ° Isahluko XNUMX seSihloko IV seNcwadi V sinelungelo: “Isibonelelo semfundo sabantwana abakhubazekileyo”;
2 ° kumaNqaku L. 241-10, L. 333-3, L. 351-4-1, L. 381-1, L. 511-1, L. 541-1, L. 541-3, L. 542-1, L. 544-8, L. 553-4 noL. 755-20, amagama athi: “isibonelelo semfundo ekhethekileyo” athatyathelw ’indawo ngamagama athi:“ isibonelelo semfundo somntwana okhubazekileyo ”;
3 ° Inqaku 3 leNqaku L. 321-1 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Ukugubungela, ngesigqibo sekomiti ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 3-146 yesenzo sentlalo kunye neekhowudi zeentsapho, ngendawo yokuhlala kunye nonyango lwabantwana abakhubazekileyo okanye abakwishumi elivisayo kumaziko akhankanyiweyo I-9 ° kunye ne-2 ° ye-I yeNqaku L. 12-312 lekhowudi efanayo kunye neendleko zonyango ezenza igalelo kwimfundo yabo enikezelwe ngaphandle kwala maziko, ngaphandle kwenxalenye yezi ndleko ziwela UMbuso ekusetyenzisweni kwamaNqaku L. 1-112 ukuya kuL. 1-112, L. 4-123-4, L. 1-351 ukuya kuL. 1-351 kunye noL. 3-352 weKhowudi yezeMfundo. ; ";
4 ° Umhlathi wesithathu wenqaku L. 541-1 ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isibonelelo esinye kwaye, apho kufanelekileyo, isibonelelo saso sinokunikezelwa, ukuba ukukhubazeka okusisigxina komntwana, ngaphandle kokufikelela kwipesenti ekhankanyiweyo kumhlathi wokuqala, nangona kunjalo ihlala ilingana okanye ingaphezulu kobuncinci, kwimeko apho Umntwana uya kwiziko elikhankanyiweyo kwi-2 ° okanye kwi-12 ° ye-I yeNqaku L. 312-1 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho okanye kwimeko apho imeko yomntwana ifuna uncedo inkqubo eguqulweyo apha naphaya okanye enika inkxaso ngaphakathi kwentsingiselo yeNqaku L. 351-1 leKhowudi yezeMfundo okanye ukhathalelo ngaphakathi kwesakhelo samanyathelo acetyiswe yikomiti ekhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-9 leKhowudi isenzo sentlalo kunye neentsapho. ";
5 ° Inqaku L. 541-2 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 541-2. Isibonelelo kunye noncedo lwaso sinikezelwe ngokubhekisele kwisigqibo sekhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 yomgaqo wentsebenzo kunye neentsapho ezivavanya ukuba imeko yomntwana okanye Ukufikisa kuluthethelela olu phawu.
“Xa umntu onoxanduva lomntwana okhubazekileyo engalandeli kumanyathelo acetyiswe yikomiti, isibonelelo singanqunyanyiswa okanye sirhoxiswe phantsi kweemeko ezifanayo nasemva kokuva lo mntu ngesicelo sakhe. ";
6 ° Inqaku L. 541-4 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. Imvelaphi: 541-4. -Nawuphi na umntu ongatshatanga oxhamlayo kwisibonelelo kunye nesongezelelo saso esikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. Umzali ongatshatanga womntwana okhubazekileyo uhlawulwe phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe ngummiselo.
“INational Solidarity Fund for Autonomy ihlawula iNgxowa-mali kaZwelonke yeziBonelelo zoSapho, ezilawulwa yiNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yeZibonelelo zeNtsapho, inkxaso-mali engqinelana nezixa-mali ezihlawulelwe ulonyuso ekubhekiswe kulo kumhlathi ongaphambili. "

Isiqendu 69

Ukuqala kwe-2 ° yeNqaku L. 381-1 yeKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"2 ° Okanye uthatha, kwikhaya losapho, umthwalo womntu okhubazekileyo onikwe ikhomishini ku-Article L. 146-9 weKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho eyamkela into yokuba urhulumente ufuna uncedo okanye ubukho obuchazwe phantsi kweemeko ezimiselwe ngummiselo kwaye inqanaba lokukhubazeka isigxina okungenani lilingana nenqanaba elikhankanywe apha ngasentla, ngokuxhomekeke ekubeni umntu okhubazekileyo ngumlingane wakhe, iqabane lakhe, umntu athe wangena nabo kwisivumelwano. ubumbano lwaseburhulumenteni okanye ukunyuka kwakhe, inzala yakhe okanye isibambiso okanye inyuka, inzala okanye isibambiso selinye lamalungu esi sibini. Iimpikiswano… (okunye akutshintshanga). "

Isiqendu 70

Ikhowudi yabasebenzi iyahlonyelwa:
1 ° Kumanqaku L. 122-32-1 kunye noL. 323-3, amagama athi: "kwiNqaku L. 323-11" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "kwiNqaku L. 146-9 leKhowudi iintshukumo zentlalo kunye neentsapho ”;
2 ° Kwinqaku L. 832-2, la magama athi: "ikomiti yezobuchwephesha yokukhokela nokuhlaziya kwakhona" athatyathelwe indawo ngala magama: "ikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku uL. 146-9 lekhowudi yokusebenza. yentlalo kunye nosapho ”;
3 ° Inqaku L. 323-10 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 323-10. Umsebenzi okhubazekileyo ngokwentsingiselo yeli candelo nguye nawuphina umntu onamathuba okufumana okanye okugcina umsebenzi ancitshiswe ngokufanelekileyo njengesiphumo sokonakala kwento enye okanye engaphezulu komzimba, yeemvakalelo, yengqondo okanye yengqondo.
“Ubume bomsebenzi okhubazekileyo buqwalaselwa yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 lomgaqo wentsebenzo kunye neentsapho.
“Isikhokelo kwindawo yokusekwa okanye kwinkonzo ekubhekiswa kuyo nge-5 ° ye-I yenqaku L. 312-1 lale khowudi inye ukwamkelwa kwenqanaba lomsebenzi okhubazekileyo. ";
4 ° Amanqaku L. 323-13 kunye noL. 832-10 bayarhoxiswa.

ISIHLOKO VI: UBUMI NOKUTHATHA INXAXHEBA KWIMPILO YASENTLALWENI (Amanqaku angama-71 ukuya kwangama-80)

Isiqendu 71

Ikhowudi yonyulo iyahlonyelwa:
1 ° Inqaku L. 5 ibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 5. - Abantu abadala ababekwe phantsi kogcino abanakho ukubhaliswa kuluhlu lovoto ngaphandle kokuba bavunyelwe ukuba bavote yijaji yokhuseleko. ";
2 ° Inqaku L. 200 ibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 200. - Abantu abadala abaphantsi kogcino okanye abagciniweyo abanakonyulwa. ";
3 ° Kwinqaku L. 199, isalathiso: "L. 5," siyacinywa;
4 ° Inqaku 2 leNqaku L. 230 lifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Abantu abadala babekwe phantsi koqeqesho okanye ukugcinwa; ".

Isiqendu 72

Emva komhlathi wesithathu weSiqendu L. 57-1 seKhowudi yoNyulo, umhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo ufakiwe:
"- vumela abavoti abakhubazekileyo ukuba bavote ngokuzimeleyo, ngaphandle kokukhubazeka kwabo; ".

Isiqendu 73

Emva kwenqaku L. 62-1 yekhowudi yonyulo, inqaku L. 62-2 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 62-2. Izikhululo zokuvota kunye nobuchule kufuneka bufikeleleke kubantu abakhubazekileyo, nokuba loluphi uhlobo lokukhubazeka, ngakumbi umzimba, uvakalelo, ingqondo kunye nengqondo, phantsi kweemeko ezimiselwe ngummiselo. "

Isiqendu 74

I. -Umthetho n ° 86-1067 kaSeptemba 30, 1986 onxulumene nenkululeko yonxibelelwano uyalungiswa:
1 ° Umhlathi weshumi elinesithathu (5 ° bis) wenqaku 28 ufundeka ngolu hlobo:
“I-5 ° bis Ubuninzi beenkqubo, ezithi ngezixhobo ezifanelekileyo kwaye ngakumbi ngexesha lokuqala, zifikeleleke kubantu abazizithulu okanye abangeva kakuhle. Kwiinkonzo ezinabaphulaphuli abaphakathi konyaka abangaphezulu kwe-2,5% yabaphulaphuli bebonke beenkonzo zikamabonwakude, le mbopheleleko iyasebenza, kwisithuba seminyaka emihlanu emva kokupapashwa koMthetho onguNombolo 2005-102 ka-11 NgoFebruwari 2005 amalungelo alinganayo namathuba, ukuthatha inxaxheba kunye nobumi babantu abakhubazekileyo, kuzo zonke iinkqubo zabo, ngaphandle kwemiyalezo yentengiso. Isivumelwano nangona kunjalo sinokubonelela ngokungafaniyo okulungiswe ziimpawu zeenkqubo ezithile. Kwiinkonzo zikamabonwakude zalapha ekhaya, isivumelwano sinokubonelela ngokunciphisa uxanduva lokuziqhelanisa nolungelelwaniso; "
2 ° Emva komhlathi wesithathu wenqaku 33-1, umhlathi ubhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Isivumelwano sihambelana ikakhulu nomyinge weenkqubo ezithi, ngezixhobo ezifanelekileyo kwaye ingakumbi ngexesha eliphambili, zenziwe zifikeleleke kubantu abangevayo okanye abangeva kakuhle, ngokunakekela ngokukodwa ukuqinisekisa ukufikelela kwiinkqubo ezahlukeneyo ezisasazwayo. Kwiinkonzo ezinabaphulaphuli abaphakathi konyaka abangaphezulu kwe-2,5% yabaphulaphuli bebonke beenkonzo zikamabonwakude, le mbopheleleko iyasebenza, kwisithuba seminyaka emihlanu emva kokupapashwa koMthetho onguNombolo 2005-102 ka-11 NgoFebruwari 2005 amalungelo alinganayo namathuba, ukuthatha inxaxheba kunye nobumi babantu abakhubazekileyo, kuzo zonke iinkqubo zabo, ngaphandle kwemiyalezo yentengiso. Isivumelwano nangona kunjalo sinokubonelela ngokungafaniyo okulungiswe ziimpawu zeenkqubo ezithile. ";
3 ° Umhlathi wesithathu we-I wenqaku lama-53 wongezwa ngala magama: “kananjalo nezibophelelo ezivumela ukuqinisekisa, kwisithuba seminyaka emihlanu emva kokupapashwa komthetho n ° 2005-102 kaFebruwari 11, 2005 ka amalungelo alinganayo namathuba, ukuthatha inxaxheba kunye nokuba ngummi wabantu abakhubazekileyo, ukuziqhelanisa nabantu abangevayo nabangeva kakuhle kuzo zonke iinkqubo zikamabonwakude ezisasazwayo, ngaphandle kweentengiso, ngokuxhomekeke kwizinto ezizodwa ngokweempawu zeenkqubo ezithile ”;
4 ° Emva kwenqaku 80, inqaku 81 libuyiselwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. 81.-Ngokumalunga nokulungelelaniswa kweenkqubo ezilungiselelwe abantu abazizithulu okanye abangeva kakuhle kunye nokusetyenziswa kwe-5 ° bis yenqaku lama-28, umhlathi wesine wenqaku 33-1 kunye nomhlathi wesithathu wenqaku I-53, iBhunga eliPhakamileyo le-Audiovisual Council kunye noRhulumente bathetha rhoqo ngonyaka, nganye nganye ngokokusebenza kwayo, iBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana labantu abakhubazekileyo elikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-1 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neentsapho. . Olu thethwano luxhalabisa ngokukodwa umxholo wezibophelelo zokwenza izihlokwana kunye nokusetyenziswa kolwimi lwezandla lwesiFrentshi kubandakanyiwe kwimvumelwano nakwizivumelwano zeenjongo kunye neendlela, kubume nobungakanani bokuxolelwa okulungiswe ziimpawu ezithile iinkqubo kunye nokuzibophelela kwabanikezeli beenkonzo ngokuthanda abantu abazizithulu okanye abantu abangeva kakuhle. "
II. Kunyaka omnye wokupapashwa kwalo mthetho, uRhulumente uza kungenisa ePalamente ingxelo ebonisa iindlela zokuphuhlisa inkcazo evakalayo yeenkqubo zikamabonakude kwinqanaba lemveliso kunye nokusasazwa, kunye isicwangciso sokuphumeza ezi ngcebiso.

Isiqendu 75

Emva kwecandelo 3 lesahluko II sesihloko I sencwadi III yenxalenye yesibini yekhowudi yezemfundo, kufakelwa icandelo 3a ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
«Icandelo 3 bis
Ukufundisa intetho yezandla
“Ubugcisa. L. 312-9-1. -Intetho yezandla yaseFransi yamkelwe njengolwimi ngokwalo. Nawuphi na umfundi ochaphazelekayo kufuneka akwazi ukufumana uqeqesho lwentetho yezandla yesiFrentshi. IBhunga leMfundo ePhakamileyo liyayinyamekela ukukhuthaza ukufundiswa kwalo. Igcinwa igcinwa rhoqo ngemeko yovavanyo lwayo. Inokhethwa njengovavanyo lokukhetha kwiimviwo kunye neemviwo zokhuphiswano, kubandakanya nezoqeqesho lomsebenzi. Ukusasazwa kwayo kulawulo kuququzelelwa. "

Isiqendu 76

Phambi kweenkundla zolawulo, zoluntu nezolwaphulo-mthetho, nawuphina umntu ongevayo uyaxhamla kwizixhobo zonxibelelwano ezifanelekileyo azikhethele zona. Ezi ndleko zihlawulwa nguRhulumente.
Xa iimeko zifuna njalo, uncedo lobuchwephesha lwenziwa lufumaneke kubantu abangaboniyo ebavumela ukuba bafikelele kumaxwebhu kwifayile ngokungqinelana neenkqubo ezibekiweyo ngummiselo.
Abantu abane-aphasia banokuhamba phambi kweenkundla ngumntu abamkhethileyo okanye umntu oqeqeshiweyo, ngenxa yobunzima babo bonxibelelwano obunxulunyaniswe nelahleko epheleleyo okanye eyinxalenye yolwimi.

Isiqendu 77

-Ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukusetyenziswa kwentshukumo yasimahla kunye nokulungelelanisa iimvavanyo zelayisensi yokuqhuba entsha kubantu abazizithulu nabangeva kakuhle, itoliki okanye umlamli wolwimi lwezandla uyakubakho kuvavanyo lwethiyori kunye nolwenziwo lokuqhuba izithuthi ezilula (ilayisensi ye-B) ngexesha leseshoni ekhethekileyo yabantu abazizithulu, ubuncinci bezihlandlo eziza kulungiswa ngummiselo.
II. -Ukuze uvumele abaviwa ukuba balandele iinkcazo zetoliki okanye umlamli kulwimi lwezandla, uya kunikwa, ngexesha leemviwo zethiyori, ixesha elifunekayo, elichazwe ngummiselo, lokuqonda ngokuchanekileyo iinguqulelo phakathi kwabaviwa kunye umguquleli.

Isiqendu 78

Kubudlelwane babo neenkonzo zikarhulumente, nokuba zilawulwa ngurhulumente, oogunyaziwe bengingqi okanye iqumrhu elibameleyo, kananjalo nangabantu babucala abanoxanduva lomsebenzi wenkonzo yoluntu, ukuva abantu abanengxaki yokuva Isicelo senguqulelo ebhaliweyo ngaxeshanye okanye ebonwayo yayo nayiphi na ingcaciso yomlomo okanye yesandi ngokubhekisele kubo ngokwemiqathango kunye nexesha elimiselweyo ngummiselo.
Isixhobo sokunxibelelana esilungelelanisiweyo sinokubonelela ngokukodwa ngokubhaliweyo okubhaliweyo okanye ungenelelo lwetoliki yolwimi lwesiFrentshi okanye ikhowudi yolwimi egqityiweyo.
Ummiselo ukwabonelela ngeendlela zokufikelela kubantu abangeva kakuhle kwiinkonzo zefowuni ezingxamisekileyo.

Isiqendu 79

Kunyaka omnye wokupapashwa kwalo mthetho, uRhulumente uza kuthi thaca isicwangciso seshishini, esiya kuthi sijolise ekukhuthazeni ukuhambelana kwamanyathelo ezonyango, ezentlalontle kunye nemfundo ukuze kuzuze umntwana, Ukufikisa kunye nokuba ngumntu omkhulu okhubazekileyo okanye okhubazekileyo kwimpilo.
Esi sicwangciso somsebenzi siza kuphendula kwimfuno yokwamkelwa kwemisebenzi evelayo, imfuneko yolawulo olujolise phambili lwemisebenzi kunye nenkxalabo yokulungelelanisa uqeqesho lokuqala kunye nokuqhubeka kumacandelo ohlukeneyo emisebenzi echaphazelekayo.
Iya kuthathela ingqalelo iindima zabanonopheli bosapho, amavolontiya asekuhlaleni kunye nezikhokelo.

Isiqendu 80

Emva kweSahluko VI seSihloko IV seNcwadi II yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho, iSahluko VIII sifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isahluko VIII

Uqeqesho lwabongi
“Ubugcisa. L. 248-1. Imiyalelo ekhutshwe liBhunga likaRhulumente ichaza iindlela zoqeqesho ezinokubonelelwa ngabakhathaleli bosapho, amaqabane ngokuzithandela kunye nezikhokelo ezingezizo ezobugcisa ezisebenza nabantu abakhubazekileyo. "

ISIHLOKO VII: AMALUNGISELELO EENKQUBO (Amanqaku 81 ukuya ku-94)

Isiqendu 81

Itayitile VI yencwadi yesithathu yencwadi yesithathu yecandelo lesine leKhowudi yezeMpilo kaRhulumente ifundeka ngolu hlobo: "Uncedo lwezinto zokuva, ugqirha wamehlo, ugqirha wamalungu omzimba abakhubazekileyo ”.
II. -Isihloko VI seNcwadi III seCandelo lesine lale khowudi inye songezwa sisiQendu IV esibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isahluko IV
Msgstr "Abenzi beprosthetists kunye nabagqirha bamazinyo ukulungiselela ulungiso
abantu abakhubazekileyo
“Ubugcisa. L. 4364-1. -Ungasebenzisa ubuchwephesha bokuba ngumzimba wamazinyo okanye wamazinyo kuwo nawuphi na umntu owenzayo, kumayeza kagqirha, izixhobo eziyimfuneko kubantu abakhubazekileyo kwaye onokuthi athethelele uqeqesho olungqinwe yidiploma, isihloko okanye isatifikethi okanye amava obuchule kunye nokuhlangabezana nemithetho yokukhutshwa kwezixhobo Imiqathango yokusetyenziswa kweli nqaku ichazwa ngummiselo.
“Ukusetyenziswa ngokungekho mthethweni kwale misebenzi kubeka abophuli mthetho kumanyathelo oluleko njengoko kubonelelwe kwiSahluko III sesi sihloko. "

Isiqendu 82

II yeNqaku L. 312-1 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya yongezwa ngomhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Imibutho eququzelela ungenelelo lwamavolontiya kumaziko oluntu okanye abucala kwezentlalo nakwezamayeza nezentlalo kufuneka enze isivumelwano kunye nala maziko amisela iindlela zongenelelo. "

Isiqendu 83

Emva kwesivakalisi sokuqala somhlathi wokuqala weSiqendu 2-8 seKhowudi yeNkqubo yoLwaphulo-mthetho, isigwebo sifakwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Ukongeza, xa amanyathelo oluntu sele ebanjiwe ngumtshutshisi woluntu okanye iqela elonzakeleyo, umbutho ungasebenzisa amalungelo avunyiweyo kumbutho woluntu malunga nokuhlaselwa ngabom ebomini, ukuhlaselwa ukunyaniseka ngokwasemzimbeni nangokwasengqondweni, ukubetha kunye nokunye ukuphathwa gadalala ngokwesondo, ukungahoywa, ukuxhatshazwa komngcipheko, ukwenzakala, ukuphanga, ubuqhetseba, ukutshatyalaliswa kunye nokuthotywa isidima kunye nokungagxekwa kwempatho-gadalala, ebonelelwe ngamanqaku 221-1 ukuya ku-221-5, 222-1 ukuya ku-222-18, 222-22 ukuya ku-222-33-1, 223-3 no-223-4, 223-15-2, 225-16-2, 312-1 ukuya ku 312-9, 313-1 ukuya ku-313-3, 322-1 ukuya ku-322-4 kunye no-434-3 yekhowudi yokohlwaya xa bezibophelela ngenxa yemeko yempilo okanye ukukhubazeka kwexhoba. "

Isiqendu 84

I-Article L. 313-16 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya yahlonyelwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
1 ° Kwisiqendu sokuqala, la magama athi: "Ummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "Igunya elakhupha ugunyaziso";
2 ° Yongezwa ngemihlathi emibini ngolu hlobo:
"Xa igunya elakhupha ugunyaziso ngumongameli webhunga jikelele kwaye kwimeko yokusilela kwale yokugqibela, iqatshelwe phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo kwiBhunga likaRhulumente, ummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe unakho, emva kokuba isaziso esisemthethweni sihleli ngaphandle kwesiphumo, iyalele ukuvalwa kwesiseko okanye inkonzo.
“Xa isiseko okanye inkonzo iphantsi kwesigunyaziso esidibeneyo esivela kwigunya likaRhulumente elifanelekileyo kunye noMongameli weBhunga Jikelele, isigqibo sokuvala eli ziko okanye inkonzo sithathwa ngokudibeneyo ngala magunya mabini. Kwimeko apho kukho ukungavisisani phakathi kwala magunya mabini, isigqibo sokuvala sinokuthathwa ngummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe. "
II. Kwisiqendu sokuqala senqaku L. 1-313 yale khowudi inye, amagama athi: "ummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "ugunyaziso okhuphe isigunyaziso" , kwaye ekuqaleni komhlathi wesibini, amagama athi: "Ingaphumeza inkqubo" ithathelwe indawo ngamagama: "Inokuphumeza inkqubo".
2. Kwisivakalisi sokuqala somhlathi wesibini we-Article L. 313-18 wale khowudi, la magama athi: "ummeli kaRhulumente kwisebe" athathwe endaweni yamagama athi: "igunya ikhutshiwe ".
III. - Ekuqaleni kwenqaku L. 331-5 yale khowudi kufakwe la magama: "Ngaphandle kokukhetha ukusetyenziswa kwezibonelelo ezichazwe kwinqaku L. 313-16".

Isiqendu 85

I. -Icandelo I lenqaku lama-199 septies yekhowudi yetax iyonke ilungiswa:
1 ° Kumhlathi wokuqala, iimali: "I-1 ye-EUR" kunye ne "EUR 070" zithathelwe indawo ngokulandelelana sisixa: "i-EUR 230" kunye ne "EUR 1";
2 ° I-1 ° ibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"I-1 ° Iipremiyamu ezinxulumene nezivumelwano ze-inshurensi kwimeko yokusweleka, xa ezi zivumelwano ziqinisekisa ukuhlawulwa kwemali eyinkunzi okanye i-life annuity emntwaneni okanye kuye nawuphi na omnye umzali kumgca othe ngqo okanye isibambiso kude kube ngowesithathu iqondo le-inshurensi, okanye kumntu ojongwa exhomekeke koku kulandelayo ngokwe-Article 196 A bis, kwaye xa aba baxhamli befumana ubunzima ngenxa yobulwelwe obabathintelayo ekubandakanyeni, phantsi kweemeko eziqhelekileyo inzuzo, kumsebenzi wobungcali, okanye, ukuba bangaphantsi kweminyaka elishumi elinesibhozo, ukufumana imfundo yobugcisa okanye uqeqesho kwinqanaba eliqhelekileyo; "
Nge-3 ° ngo-2 °, la magama athi: “Iqhezu leziqendu ezibonisa intengiselwano ehambelana nokugcinwa” zifakwe endaweni yamagama athi: “Iiprimiyamu ezinxulumene noko”.
II. -Izibonelelo zokuba ndifake isicelo kurhafu wengeniso ngo-2004.
III. Umhlathi wokugqibela weSiqendu L. 132-3 seKhowudi ye-Inshurensi wongezwa ngala magama: "okanye ekubuyiselweni kwesixa semali esihlawulelweyo, xa kusenziwa isivumelwano seinshurensi yokuphila, esikhutshelwe inzuzo omnye wabantu abakhankanywe kumhlathi wokuqala apha ngasentla. "

Isiqendu 86

Ikhowudi yabasebenzi iyahlonyelwa:
1 ° Umhlathi wokugqibela wenqaku L. 323-8-1 ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Isivumelwano masivunywe ngabasemagunyeni kwezolawulo, emva kothethathethwano nequmrhu lesebe elijongene nezengqesho noqeqesho lobungcali okanye iBhunga eliPhezulu lokuhlengahlengisa abasebenzi abakhubazekileyo ngokwasekusekweni kwenqaku uL. 323-34. ";
2 ° Icandelo 3 leSahluko III seTayitile II yeNcwadi III liyarhoxiswa.

Isiqendu 87

I. Isihloko seTayitile II yeNcwadi VII yeKhowudi yezeMfundo sibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: "Amaziko oqeqesho lootitshala".
II. -Isihloko II seNcwadi VII yekhowudi efanayo songezwa sisiQendu III ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isahluko III

"Imisebenzi kunye nolungelelwaniso lweziko loqeqesho lwabasebenzi kulungelelwaniso lwesikolo kunye nokudityaniswa
“Ubugcisa. L. 723-1. -Uqeqesho lokuqala oluqhubayo lwabasebenzi abafaka isandla kwimishini yokulungisa kunye nokudibanisa abantwana abakhubazekileyo nabakwishumi elivisayo abakhankanywe kwisihloko V seNcwadi III esikolweni banikwa ulawulo lukarhulumente lukazwelonke olubekwe phantsi kweliso loMphathiswa. unoxanduva lwemfundo ephakamileyo kwaye umphathiswa ujongene nemfundo
“Eli ziko lilawulwa yibhodi yabalawuli kwaye ikhokelwa ngumlawuli otyunjwe ngokomyalelo wabaphathiswa abakhankanywe ngasentla. Ibhodi yabalawuli ibandakanya abameli boMbuso, ubuntu obufanelekileyo, abameli bamaziko emfundo ephakamileyo yoluntu kunye nabasemagunyeni kunye nabameli abonyuliweyo babasebenzi kunye nabasebenzisi. Uncediswa libhunga lezenzululwazi kunye nezemfundo.
Ummiselo ulungisa ukunikezelwa, iindlela zokucwangciswa nokusebenza, kunye nokwakhiwa kwebhodi yabalawuli beli ziko. "
III. - Inqaku le-13 loMthetho onguNombolo 54-405 ka-Epreli 10, 1954 ngokunxulumene nophuhliso lolwabiwo-mali olwabiwe kwinkcitho yoMphathiswa Wezemfundo kuzwelonke kunyaka-mali ka-1954 luyarhoxiswa.

Isiqendu 88

I-Article L. 232-17 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya ibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 232-17. -Ukuze ukondle inkqubo yolwazi ehlelwe ngummiselo othathwe emva kwengcebiso kwiKhomishini kaZwelonke ye-Informatics and Freedoms, isebe ngalinye lithumela kuMphathiswa ophethe abantu abadala:
"- idatha yobalo ngokunxulumene nenkcitho yemali yesibonelelo sokuzimela esenzelwe wena kwiNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano yokuzimela ekubhekiswe kuyo kwinqaku uL. 14-10-1;
"Idatha yeenkcukacha-manani enxulumene nophuhliso lwenkqubo yesibonelelo sokuzimela esenzelwe umntu, ezona mpawu zayo ziphambili kwaye ngakumbi ezo zabaxhamli bayo kunye nomsebenzi wamaqela ezentlalo kunye nokubeka iliso kwizivumelwano ekubhekiswe kuzo ngokulandelelana kumanqaku L. 232-3 kunye noL. 232-13. "
II. -Isihloko IV seNcwadi II yekhowudi efanayo songezwa ngeSahluko VII esibhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Isahluko VII

"Ulawulo nokubalwa kwamanani
“Ubugcisa. L. 247-1. INgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano lokuZimela ifumana, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo, idatha yobalo enxulumene nenkcitho yomnatha wenkonzo yembuyekezo ekhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 245-1 kunye nezo zinxulumene nomsebenzi Iimali zembuyekezo yokukhubazeka yesebe ezichazwe kwinqaku L. 146-5.
“Ubugcisa. L. 247-2. Njengenxalenye yenkqubo yolwazi ehlelwe ngummiselo okhutshwe emva kokubonisana neKhomishini kaZwelonke ye-Informatics and Freedoms, izindlu zamasebe abantu abakhubazekileyo zigqithisela kwiNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano yokuzimela, ukongeza kwidatha kukhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-3, idatha:
"- ngokunxulumene nomsebenzi wabo, ngakumbi kuhlolo lweemfuno, ukuvavanywa kwezicelo kunye nokuphunyezwa kwezigqibo ezithathiweyo;
"- ngokubhekisele kwimisebenzi yamaqela ahlukeneyo kunye namalungelo kunye nokuzimela iikhomishini;
“- ngokunxulumene neempawu zabantu abachaphazelekayo;
"- izibalo malunga nezigqibo ezichazwe kwinqaku L. 241-6.
“Ubugcisa. UL. 247-3. Idatha edibeneyo enxulumene neentlawulo ezenziwe emva kwesigqibo sekhomishini esikhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 kunye neempawu zabaxhamli babo zigqithiswa yimibutho ephethe ezi nkonzo kumphathiswa ojongene abakhubazekileyo phantsi kweemeko ezibekwe ngummiselo.
“Ubugcisa. UL. 247-4. -Iinkcukacha ezizodwa ezinxulumene nabantu abachaphazelekayo ngezigqibo zekomiti ekhankanywe kwinqaku L. 146-9 ngokunxulumene nezibonelelo ezihlawulwe emva kwezi zigqibo zithunyelwa kuMphathiswa onoxanduva lwabantu abakhubazekileyo, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo, ngeenjongo zokwenza iisampulu ezimele amanani-manani ngenjongo yokufunda iimeko kunye neendlela zokudityaniswa kwabantu ezivela kwezi sampuli, ngokuhambelana nemigaqo yenqaku 7 bis yomthetho n ° 51-711 ka Nge-7 kaJuni 1951 kwisibophelelo, ulungelelwaniso kunye nokufihla kwimicimbi yeenkcukacha-manani kunye nokubonelelwa komthetho n ° 78-17 kaJanuwari 6, 1978 onxulumene nokulungiswa kwedatha, iifayile kunye nenkululeko.
“Ubugcisa. L. 247-5. Iziphumo zokusetyenziswa kwedatha eqokelelweyo ngokungqinelana namaNqaku L. 247-3 kunye no-247-4 L. zithunyelwa nguMphathiswa ojongene nabantu abakhubazekileyo kwiBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana labantu abakhubazekileyo elikhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-1 , kwi-National Observatory yoQeqesho, uPhando kunye neNzululwazi malunga nokuKhubazeka eyenziwe kwiNqaku L. 114-3-1 nakwiNational Solidarity Fund for Autonomy. Umphathiswa uqinisekisa ukupapashwa kwabo rhoqo.
“Ubugcisa. L. 247-6. Iindlela zotshintshiselwano, phakathi kwabaphathiswa abaphethe abantu abadala kunye nabakhubazekileyo, ezabasebenzi kunye nemfundo yesizwe kunye neNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano yokuzimela, yolwazi olunxulumene nabantu abadala nabakhubazekileyo kubandakanya zenzelwe ngokulandelelana kwaye zichazwe kwisihlomelo kwiinjongo kunye nesivumelwano solawulo esikhankanywe kwinqaku L. 14-10-1.
“Ubugcisa. L. 247-7. Idatha ehlanganisiweyo kunye nohlalutyo olwenziwe ngabaphathiswa abaphethe abantu abadala kunye nabakhubazekileyo, ezemisebenzi kunye nemfundo yesizwe kunye neNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano yokuzimela, enxulumene nabantu abadala nabakhubazekileyo, kwaziswa amasebe, kwaye kwimeko yabantu abakhubazekileyo, kwisebe lezindlu labantu abakhubazekileyo. "

Isiqendu 89

Amanqaku 27, 28 no-29 oMthetho onguNombolo 75-534 kaJuni 30, 1975 ngesikhokelo esivumela abantu abakhubazekileyo ayarhoxiswa.

Isiqendu 90

- Isihloko sesahluko VI sesihloko IV sencwadi II yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho zifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: "Abantu abane-autistic syndrome kunye nabantu abakhubazekileyo".
II. -Icandelo L. 246-1 lekhowudi efanayo lilungisiwe:
1 ° Kumhlathi wokugqibela, amagama athi: "kwaye ujonge iindlela ezikhoyo" ayacinywa;
2 ° Igqityiwe ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
Kukwanjalo nakubantu abakhubazeke kakhulu. "

Isiqendu 91

Inqaku L. 1141-2 leKhowudi yezeMpilo yoLuntu lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
1 ° Kwisiqendu sokuqala, emva kwamagama: "ngenxa yemeko yabo yempilo", kufakwa amagama athi: "okanye ukukhubazeka";
2 ° Kwisiqendu sesibini, emva kwamagama: "imeko yakhe yempilo", amagama athi: "okanye ukukhubazeka kwakhe" afakiwe.

Isiqendu 92

Urhulumente ugunyazisiwe, phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwiNqaku 38 loMgaqo-siseko, ukuba athathe, zingaphelanga iinyanga ezilishumi elinambini, ngummiselo, amanyathelo ohlobo lomthetho enza ukuba kubenakho ukusebenziseka eMayotte, eNew Caledonia, eFrench Polynesia , eWallis-and-Futuna nakwiiFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands, ngokulungelelaniswa okuyimfuneko, izibonelelo zalo mthetho ziwela, kule mimandla, ngaphakathi kolawulo lobuchule bukaRhulumente.
Imigaqo esayilwayo ingenisiwe ukulungiselela uluvo:
1 ° Xa izibonelelo zawo zihambelana neMayotte, kwiBhunga Jikelele laseMayotte phantsi kwemiqathango ebonelelwe kwinqaku L. 3551-12 lekhowudi ngokubanzi yabasemagunyeni;
2 ° Xa izibonelelo zawo zinxulumene neNew Caledonia, kwiziko elifanelekileyo phantsi kwemiqathango echazwe ngumthetho wendalo n ° 99-209 kaMatshi 19, 1999 onxulumene neNew Caledonia;
3 ° Xa izibonelelo zawo zihambelana neFrench Polynesia, kwiziko elifanelekileyo phantsi kwemiqathango echazwe ngumthetho wezinto eziphilayo ngo-2004-192 kaFebruwari 27, 2004 kummiselo wokuzimela kweFrench Polynesia;
4 ° Xa izibonelelo zawo zihambelana neWallis kunye neFutuna Islands, kwiNdibano yeZithili zeWallis naseFutuna Islands.
Kummiselo ngamnye, umthetho osayilwayo wokungeniswa ungeniswa ePalamente zingaphelanga iinyanga ezintandathu zokupapashwa kwawo.

Isiqendu 93

Lo mthetho usebenza eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, ngaphandle kwamalungiselelo amanqaku 14, 30, 41, 43, 44, III ukuya ku-V wenqaku 45, amanqaku 46, 49, 50 , IV yenqaku 65 kunye nele-I kunye ne-II yenqaku 85, kwaye ngokuxhomekeke kolu hlengahlengiso lulandelayo:
1 ° Isahluko esinye seSihloko III seNcwadi V yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neeNtsapho zongezwa linqaku L. 531-7 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 531-7. Kwisicelo esiya eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon yomhlathi wesixhenxe wenqaku uL. 245-6, la magama: “kuthethwe ngo-2 ° we-199 wenqaku lama-XNUMX eekhowudi zerhafu ngokubanzi ziyacinywa.
"II. Kwisicelo esise-Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon sesivakalisi sokuqala senqaku L. 241-9, la magama athi: “Ulawulo lwezimangalo zobuchwephesha kwezokhuseleko loluntu zithathelwe indawo ngamagama athi:“ umthetho oqhelekileyo wolawulo .
“III. Kwisicelo eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon senqaku L. 146-3, isalathiso: “kunye noL. 432-9 siyacinywa. ";
2 ° Emva komhlathi wesibhozo weNqaku L. 531-5 lekhowudi efanayo, imihlathi emibini ifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"-" indlu yesebe yabantu abakhubazekileyo yi "indawo yommandla wabantu abakhubazekileyo;
"-" Ibhunga elicebisa isebe labantu abakhubazekileyo ngokuthi "libhunga lengcebiso lommandla wabantu abakhubazekileyo. ";
3 ° Emva komhlathi wesibini we-Article L. 251-1 weKhowudi yezeMfundo, kufakwe imihlathi emihlanu ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Ukusetyenziswa kwale khowudi eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, la magama akhankanywe ngezantsi atshintshwe ngamagama alandelayo:
"-" isebe "ngokudibanisa iSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon;
“-
Umhlathi wesine wenqaku uL. 112-1 ufundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"" Xa ukuhlanganiswa kwimeko yesiqhelo kugqitywe ngayo umntwana, umntwana ofikisayo okanye umntu okhubazekileyo yikhomishini ekhankanywe kwiNqaku L. 146-9 yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neeNtsapho, kodwa Imiqathango yokufikelela kweli ziko yenza kube nzima, iindleko ezongeziweyo ezibangelwe kukufunda kwindawo ekude kakhulu luxanduva lukaRhulumente okanye ugunyaziwe wengingqi onolwazi ngokubhekisele kulwakhiwo, ukwakha ngokutsha okanye ukwandiswa kwendawo. ";
4 ° Umhlathi wokugqibela wenqaku L. 251-1 yekhowudi efanayo uyacinywa;
I-5 ° Icandelo 8 leSahluko II seTayitile III yeNcwadi VIII yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi yongezwa ngenqaku uL. 832-11 ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. I-832-11. Ukusetyenziswa kwayo eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, kwinqaku L. 323-31, la magama: . ";
6 ° Inqaku L. 161-2 yolwakhiwo kunye nekhowudi yezindlu ifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 161-2. Amagatya ale ncwadi awasebenzi kwi-Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, ngaphandle kwamanqaku L. 111-5, L. 111-6, L. 111-7, L. 111-7- 1, L. 111-7-3 ukuya kuL. 111-8-3-1, uL. 111-9 ukuya kuL. 111-41, uL. 112-8 ukuya kuL. 112-11, uL. 112-15, L. 124-1, L. 125-1 ukuya L. 125-2-4, L. 131-1 ukuya L. 131-6 kunye L. 151-1 ukuya L. 152-10, ngokuxhomekeke kolu hlengahlengiso lulandelayo:
"- kwinqaku uL. 111-7, la magama athi:" indawo yokuhlala, nokuba yeyabucala okanye yeyoluntu iyacinywa;
"- isivakalisi sokugqibela senqaku L. 111-7-1 lisusiwe;
"- kwinqaku L. 111-7-4, isalathiso:" L. I-111-7-2 icinyiwe;
"- kwinqaku L. 152-4, izingqinisiso:" L. 112-17, L. 125-3 kunye nomhlathi wesibini we-2 ° uyacinywa;
"- kwinqaku uL. 111-8, la magama:" Ngokuhambelana nomhlathi wesithathu wenqaku L. 421-3 yekhowudi yocwangciso lwedolophu ziyacinywa, kwaye amagama athi: "imvume yokwakha ayinakuba akhutshiweyo athatyathelw 'indawo ngamazwi athi: “imvume yokwakha ayinakukhutshwa
"- kwinqaku uL. 111-8-2, la magama athi:" Njengoko kuchaziwe kwinqaku uL. 421-1 lekhowudi yocwangciso lwedolophu, imvume yokwakha ithathelwe indawo ngala magama: “Ugunyaziso lokwakha;
"- umhlathi wokuqala weNqaku L. 151-1 uyacinywa. ";
7 ° Emva kwenqaku L. 121-20-1 yekhowudi kamasipala esebenza eSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, inqaku L. 121-20-2 lifakwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Ubugcisa. L. 121-20-2. -Koomasipala abanabemi abangama-5 000 okanye nangaphezulu, kwenziwa ikhomishini kamasipala yokufikelela kubantu abakhubazekileyo, ebandakanya ngokukodwa abameli bakamasipala, imibutho yabasebenzisi nemibutho emele abantu abakhubazekileyo.
“Le khomishini ithathela ingqalelo imeko yobume bendawo eyakhiweyo, iindlela, iindawo zoluntu kunye nezothutho. Iqulunqa ingxelo yonyaka ethiwe thaca kwibhunga likamasipala kwaye yenze ukuba zonke izindululo eziluncedo ziphucule ukufikeleleka kwale sele ikhona.
"Ingxelo ethiwe thaca kwibhunga likamasipala idluliselwa kummeli welizwe ekuhlaleni, kumongameli webhunga jikelele, kwibhunga labacebisi ngemimandla yabantu abakhubazekileyo nakubo bonke abantu abaphethe izakhiwo, ufakelo neendawo zokusebenza ezichaphazelekayo ingxelo.
“Usodolophu ungusihlalo wekhomishini kwaye uzobe uluhlu lwamalungu ayo.
“Oomasipala bangadala ikhomishini yoomasipala. Le yenzela zonke iidolophu ezichaphazelekayo kwimishini yekhomishini yoluntu. Le khomishini iphakathi koomasipala ichotshelwe ngomnye woosodolophu boomasipala, abathe ngokuhlangeneyo bathathe isigqibo kuluhlu lwamalungu abo.
“Xa ubuchule kwimicimbi yezothutho busetyenziswa kuluntu ngokubanzi lwentsebenziswano phakathi koomasipala, ikhomishini yokufikelela kubantu abakhubazekileyo kufuneka yenziwe kweli qela. Ichotshelwe ngumongameli weziko. Ukudalwa kwekhomishini yoqhakamshelwano kunyanzelekile kumaziko entsebenziswano phakathi koonxibelelwano noluntu abanobuchule kwicandelo lezothutho, ukuba nje banabemi abangama-5 okanye nangaphezulu. ";
8 ° Umhlathi wesine nowesihlanu wenqaku L. 131-4 lekhowudi efanayo batshintshwa ngo-3 ° obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
"Indawo ebekwe kwiindlela zikawonke - wonke okanye nakweyiphi na enye indawo yokupaka evulekileyo kwiindawo zokupaka zikawonkewonke ezilungiselelwe izithuthi ezisetyenziswa ngabantu abaphethe ikhadi lokupaka eliboniswe kwiNqaku L. 3-241-3 loMgaqo isenzo sentlalo kunye neentsapho. ";
9 ° Kwisicelo esiseSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon senqaku lama-48 lalo mthetho, amagama athi: "umphathi wengingqi" kunye "nomphathi wesebe" athatyathelw'indawo ngamagama athi: "ummeli kaRhulumente ekuhlaleni ”.

Isiqendu 94

Inqaku L. 312-7 leKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho lenziwa izilungiso ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
1 ° Umhlathi wesine (3 °) uthathelwe indawo yimihlathi esixhenxe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“3 ° Yenza amaqela entsebenziswano kwezentlalo okanye kwezonyango. Ukongeza kwimishini edluliselwe kudidi lwamaqela akhankanywe ku-2 °, iqela lentsebenziswano linokuthi:
“A) Vumela ungenelelo oludibeneyo lweengcali kumacandelo ezentlalo, ezonyango kunye nezempilo, iingcali ezihlawulwayo zeqela kunye neengcali ezinxulumene nesivumelwano;
"B) Ukugunyaziswa, ngokucela kwamalungu, ukwenza imisebenzi kunye neenkonzo zokusekwa kunye neenkonzo ezichazwe kwiNqaku L. 312-1 kunye nokubonelela ngokuthe ngqo, ngesicelo selungu elinye okanye nangaphezulu. , ukusetyenziswa kwesigunyaziso emva kwesivumelwano segunya esilikhuphileyo;
“C) Ukujongana nomsebenzi wokudityaniswa kwamaqela akhankanywe kwi4 ° yeli nqaku.
“Banokwakhiwa phakathi kweengcali ezivela kwicandelo lezentlalo kunye nelezonyango kunye nentlalontle, phakathi kwaba basebenzi, amaziko kunye nabantu abalawula iinkonzo ezichazwe kwiNqaku L. 312-1 lale khowudi kunye namaziko ezempilo akhankanyiweyo inqaku L. 6133-1 yekhowudi yezempilo yoluntu. Inganxulunyaniswa, ngesivumelwano, oochwephesha kwezonyango kunye nabasebenza kwezonyango abasebenza kwicandelo lenkululeko okanye kwicandelo likarhulumente abangasebenziyo kumaziko nakwiinkonzo zamalungu athobelayo.
Umhlathi wokugqibela wenqaku L. 6133-1 kunye nenqaku L. 6133-3 yale khowudi sele ikhankanyiwe ziyasebenza, ngokuxhomekeke kwimigaqo yale khowudi, kumaqela entsebenziswano kwezentlalo okanye kwezentlalo.
“Izenzo zeqela ezenziweyo ukuze kuxhamle ilungu elinye kuphela zixhaswa ngabokugqibela kuhlahlo-lwabiwo mali oluhambelanayo. "
2 ° Igqityiwe ngumhlathi obhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“Amanyathelo okusetyenziswa kweli nqaku, njengoko kufanelekile, amiselwa ngummiselo weBhunga likaRhulumente. "

ISIHLOKO VIII: AMALUNGISELELO ENGUQUKO (Amanqaku 95 ukuya ku-101)

Isiqendu 95

I. - Abaxhamli benkxaso-mali yembuyekezo ebonelelwe kwiSahluko V seTayitile IV yeNcwadi II yeKhowudi yokuSebenza koLuntu kunye neeNtsapho ekuyileni kwayo ngaphambi kwalo mthetho bagcina isibonelelo ukuba nje bayazifezekisa iimeko. uphawu. Abakwazi ukudibanisa esi sibonelelo kunye nesibonelelo sembuyekezo.
Banokuthi, nangona kunjalo, bakhethe izibonelelo zenkonzo yembuyekezo kuhlaziyo ngalunye lolwabiwo lwesibonelelo sembuyekezo. Olu khetho luza kuba lolokugqibela. Xa umxhamli engakhange abonakalise kukhetha, uthathwa ngokuba ufuna ukusukela ngoku ukuya phambili azuze kwinkonzo yembuyekezo.
Akukho senzo senziwayo ekubuyiseni isibonelelo sembuyekezo somntu wesithathu, okanye ngokuchasene nokulandelwa komxhamli ongasekhoyo, okanye ngokuchasene nommeli okanye umntu osele egqibile. Amalungiselelo afanayo ayasetyenziswa kumanyathelo okubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo ngokuchasene nelifa lomntu ongasekhoyo ekubuyiselweni kweemali ezihlawulwe phantsi kwesibonelelo sembuyekezo somntu wesithathu nakwizigqibo zenkundla malunga noku kulungiswa, ezingakhange zibe yokugqibela ngomhla wokuqalisa kokusebenza kwalo mthetho.
II. - Abaxhamli benkxaso-mali yesibonelelo somntu wesithathu ebonelelwe kwiSahluko V seSihloko IV seNcwadi II yeKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neeNtsapho ekuyileni kwayo ngaphambi kokupapashwa kwalo mthetho bagcina izibonelelo zokuxolelwa Imirhumo yabaqeshi ekuhlaleni yengqesho yoncedo lwasekhaya ebonelelwe kwiNqaku L. 241-10 leKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo kwinguqulelo yayo ngaphambi kokupapashwa kwalo mthetho, de kube sekupheleni kwexesha Esi sibonelelo babesabelwe sona, okanye kude kube ngumhla abafumana ngawo isibonelelo sembuyekezo esibonelelweyo kumaNqaku L. 245-1 et seq. weKhowudi yokuSebenza yoLuntu kunye neKhaya.
III. Kude kube kupapashwa ukumiselwa kommiselo, ekusebenziseni inqaku L. 245-1 yekhowudi yezenzo zentlalo kunye neentsapho, iikhrayitheriya ezinxulumene nokukhubazeka ezinokuthi zinike ilungelo kwinzuzo yembuyekezo, eyokugqibela unikwa nawuphina umntu okhubazekileyo ozalisekisa imeko yobudala ebonelelweyo kwinqaku elichaziweyo kwaye enokhubazeko olusisigxina okungenani olingana nepesenti emiselweyo ngummiselo obonelelwe kumhlathi wokuqala wenqaku L. 821-1 yekhowudi yokhuseleko lwentlalo.
IV. - Abaxhamli besibonelelo esongezelelweyo sabantu abakhubazekileyo ababonelelwe kwiTayitile II yeNcwadi VIII yeKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo kwinguqulelo yayo phambi kokupapashwa kwalo mthetho bagcina isibonelelo, phantsi kweemeko ezifanayo, kude kube sekupheleni ixesha abanikwe ngalo isibonelelo sabantu abakhubazekileyo abafumana kuso esi songezelelo okanye, xa benelungelo lokufumana isiqinisekiso semithombo yabantu abakhubazekileyo okanye isongezelelo sokuphila ngokuzimela ekubhekiswa kuso kumaNqaku ngokulandelelana L. 821-1-1 kunye L. 821-1-2, kude kube ngumhla apho baxhamla kwezi zibonelelo.
V. - Amalungiselelo e-2 ° kunye ne-3 ° ye-I yenqaku le-16 aqala ukusebenza ngoJulayi 1, 2005.

Isiqendu 96

Amagatya ka-I, II, III, IV no-VI wenqaku lama-27, izibonelelo zenqaku 37 kunye nemigaqo ye-IV ukuya kwi-VII yenqaku lama-38 ziya kuqala ukusebenza ngoJanuwari 1, 2006. umhla wokupapashwa kwalo mthetho kwaye nge-1 Januwari 2006, iKomiti yamaLungelo nokuZimela yaBantu abaKhubazekileyo ithatha izigqibo ekubhekiswe kuzo kwiNqaku L. 323-12 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi, eyatshitshiswa ngoJanuwari 1, 2006 .
II. - Kwithuba leminyaka emibini ukusukela nge-1 Januwari 2006, abasebenzi babonwa njengabakhubazekileyo yikomiti yezobuchwephesha yokufumana isikhokelo sobungcali kunye nokuhlelwa ngokutsha okuchazwe kwiNqaku L. 323-11 leKhowudi yezaBasebenzi kwinguqulelo yayo ngaphambi koku umthetho kwaye wahlelwa kudidi C ngokwenqaku L. 323-12 lekhowudi efanayo eyarhoxiswa ngulo mthetho zithathwa njengabasebenzi abanokukhubazeka okunzima ekusetyenzisweni kwamalungiselelo e-III wenqaku 27.
Kwithuba leminyaka emibini ukusukela nge-1 Januwari 2006, iinkampani ziyaqhubeka nokuxhamla kumalungelo afunyenwe phantsi kweNqaku L. 323-6 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi kwinguqulelo yayo ephambi kwalo mthetho, nakuphi na ukuqesha, ngaphambi NgoJanuwari 1, 2006, abasebenzi baqatshelwa njengabakhubazekile yikhomishini yobuchwephesha yokukhokela kunye nokuhlelwa kwakhona kobuchwephesha okukhankanywe kwinqaku L. 323-11 yale khowudi inye ekuyileni kwayo ngaphambi kwalo mthetho, kwaye yahlelwa kudidi C ngenxa Inqaku L. 323-12 lekhowudi ethe yarhoxiswa ngulo mthetho.

Isiqendu 97

Izibonelelo zenqaku lama-36 liza kuqala ukusebenza ngoJanuwari 1, 2006.

Isiqendu 98

Inani lemirhumo elikhankanywe kwinqaku lama-36 lehliswe ngama-80% kunyaka ka-2006, ngama-60% kunyaka ka-2007, ngama-40% kunyaka ka-2008 nangama-20% kunyaka ka-2009.

Isiqendu 99

Izibonelelo ze-VI zenqaku le-19 ziya kuqala ukusebenza ngoJanuwari 1, 2006.

Isiqendu 100

Ngokwexeshana, iNgxowa-mali yoBumbano yaBadala ilawula iNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoBumbano yokuzimela eyamiselwa nguMthetho No. 2004-626 kaJuni 30, 2004 kubumbano lwenkululeko yabantu abadala nabakhubazekileyo. .
Kumhlathi wesithathu weNqaku L. 135-1 leKhowudi yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo, amagama athi: "kude kube nguJuni 30, 2005" athatyathelw 'indawo ngamagama athi: "kude kube ngumhla omiselwe ngokomyalelo wabaphathiswa abajongene abantu abadala, abantu abakhubazekileyo, uhlahlo lwabiwo-mali kunye nokukhuselwa kwezentlalo okungenakudlula ngomhla wama-31 kuDisemba ka-2005 ”.
II. - Inqaku L. 14-10-5 leKhowudi yokuSebenza kwezeNtlalontle kunye neKhaya liqala ukusebenza nge-1 Januwari 2006.
Ngo-2005, ulwabiwo-mali olukhankanywe ku-1 ° naku-2 ° kwinqaku le-13 lomthetho okhankanywe ngasentla n ° 2004-626 kaJuni 30, 2004 zabelwe ukuxhaswa ngezimali ngala manyathelo alandelayo:
1 ° Ngokubhekiselele kwinqaku 1 lenqaku 13:
a) Igalelo kwizikim zeinshurensi yezempilo esisiseko ebonelelwe kwinqaku I le-12 lomthetho wenkxaso mali yokhuseleko kwezentlalo ngo-2005 (n ° 2004-1370 wama-20 kuDisemba 2004);
b) Iindleko zokuthintela kunye nokwenza oopopayi kubantu abadala;
c) Ngoncedo lweemali ezenziwe nguRhulumente, utyalo-mali kunye nezixhobo zokusebenza, ngakumbi ukunyusa umgangatho wobugcisa nokhuseleko kumaziko abantu abadala;
d) Ngenkxaso, igalelo lemali:
- imisebenzi yotyalo-mali enxulunyaniswe nophuhliso lokubonelelwa kweebhedi zabongikazi kunye nolungelelwaniso loyilo ngokubhekisele kukhathalelo lwabantu abanengxaki yokuphazamiseka;
- ukumiliselwa kwemigangatho emitsha yobugcisa, yezempilo neyokhuseleko;
2 ° Ngokubhekiselele kwinqaku 2 lenqaku 13:
a) Igalelo kwizikim ze-inshurensi yezempilo esisiseko ebonelelwe kwi-II yenqaku le-12 lomthetho okhankanywe ngentla wokhuseleko lwezentlalo ngo-2005;
b) Iikhredithi zeli candelo zinokuxhasa ngezimali, ngendlela yenkxaso mali eyenziwe nguRhulumente:
- amaziko akhankanyiweyo nge-5 ° I yenqaku L. 312-1 yesenzo sentlalo kunye neekhowudi zeentsapho, phantsi kweemeko ezichazwe kwinqaku L. 314-4 lekhowudi efanayo;
- iinkxaso-mali kwimibutho esebenza kwicandelo labakhubazekileyo, ngakumbi iinkonzo zolawulo kubanonopheli;
- igalelo kumasebe ukuxhasa iinzame zabo zokuxhasa inkxaso yasekhaya yabantu abakhubazekileyo;
- izixhobo zokuphila ngokuzimeleyo ezichazwe ngokomyalelo woMphathiswa ojongene nemicimbi yezentlalo;
- uncedo lokumiliselwa nokuphunyezwa kwamakhaya abantu besebe abakhubazekileyo okanye izakhiwo ezibonisa kwangaphambili;
- utyalo-mali kunye nokusebenza kwezixhobo, ngakumbi ukuzisa izibonelelo zabantu abakhubazekileyo ukuya kwinqanaba lobugcisa nokhuseleko;
- igalelo kwingxowa-mali yamaphathiswa yokufikelela kubantu abakhubazekileyo bezakhiwo ezivulelekileyo kuluntu;
- igalelo kwingxowa-mali yongenelelo ngeenkonzo, ubugcisa kunye norhwebo.
Ixabiso lezi mali zahlukeneyo kunye neendlela zabo zokuhlawula zibekwe ngokomyalelo wabaphathiswa abajongene nabantu abadala, abakhubazekileyo, uhlahlo-lwabiwo mali kunye nokhuseleko kwezentlalo.
III. -I-5 ° yenqaku le-13 lomthetho okhankanywe ngasentla n ° 2004-626 kaJuni 30, 2004 libhalwe ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
“5 ° Ukutsalwa kwezixhobo eziqokelelwe yingxowa-mali, kwahlulwe ngokulinganayo phakathi kwamacandelo akhankanywe ku-1 ° naku-2 °, ukuxhasa ngezimali:
“A) Ukubuyiselwa kweNgxowa-mali yoBumbano lwaBadala ngeendleko ezibekwe phezu kwakhe kulawulo lweNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoManyano lokuZimela ngexesha lotshintsho;
“B) Ukufakelwa kunye nokuqaliswa kweendleko zeNgxowa-mali yeSizwe yoManyano lokuZimela kunye neenkqubo zolwazi zesizwe. "
IV. Ulwabiwo olwabiweyo kunyaka-mali ka-2005, kwiindleko ezichazwe ku-1 ° no-2 ° kwinqaku le-13 lomthetho okhankanywe ngasentla zonyaka-mali zivelisa ukuqhubekeka okuzenzekelayo ukuya kunyaka-mali olandelayo, phantsi kwemiqathango ebekwe ngummiselo.

Isiqendu 101

Imibhalo emiselweyo yokusetyenziswa kwalo mthetho ipapashwa kwisithuba seenyanga ezintandathu zokupapashwa kwayo, emva kokuba ithunyelwe kuluvo lweBhunga leLizwe lokubonisana laBantu abakhubazekileyo.
Yonke imibhalo emiselweyo yokusetyenziswa kweSahluko II seTayitile IV yalo mthetho izakungeniswa ukuze kufunyanwe izimvo kwiBhunga eliPhezulu ukuze bahlelwe ngokutsha abasebenzi abakhubazekileyo nabasekwe kwiNqaku L. 323-34 yeKhowudi yezaBasebenzi.

Lo mthetho uza kwenziwa njengomthetho welizwe.
Yenziwe eParis, ngoFebruwari 11, 2005.

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Isibuyekezo sokugqibela: 01 / 10 / 2020

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