umfanekiso wefreyimu
Ukugqalwa kwesiza

INgqungquthela ye-UN yamalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo (CRPD) [AA_OrgIntl_ONU-CDPH]

Inqaku elihambelanayo - IQela eliSebenzayo elihambelanayo

Ukwenza igalelo lakho kwi Ingxelo ye-Autist Alliance kwiKomiti ye-CDPH kuRhulumente waseFranceNceda ucofe kwidiski eluhlaza (okanye uye emazantsi ephepha) ukufumanisa ukuba kanjani.


Itekisi epheleleyo yesiVumelwano samaLungelo aBantu abaKhubazekileyo, kunye neNkqubo yoKhetho (Inguqulelo yesiFrentshi)

Umthombo: https://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-f.pdf

Préambule

Amazwe aseMelika kule Ngqungquthela,

(a) Kukhunjulwa imigaqo-siseko evakaliswe kwiTshatha yeZizwe eziManyeneyo ethi ukwamkelwa kwesidima nokuxabiseka kwawo onke amalungu osapho lwabantu kunye namalungelo abo alinganayo nangenakuphikiswa kusisiseko senkululeko, ubulungisa kunye uxolo emhlabeni,

b) Ngokuqonda ukuba iZizwe eziManyeneyo, kwiNdibano yeZizwe eziManyeneyo yamaLungelo oluNtu nakwiZivumelwano zeHlabathi zamaLungelo oluNtu, zivakalisile zaza zavuma ukuba wonke umntu angaxhamla kuwo onke amalungelo nenkululeko. ezichazwe kuyo, ngaphandle kokwahlulahlula,

(c) Ukuqinisekisa kwakhona ubume bendalo iphela, obungenakohlukaniswa, obunokuxhomekeka kwaye obungenakwahlulwa kuwo onke amalungelo oluntu kunye nenkululeko ebalulekileyo kunye nesidingo sokuqinisekisa ukonwaba kwabo ngokupheleleyo kubantu abakhubazekileyo ngaphandle kocalulo,

d) Ukukhumbula uMnqophiso waMazwe ngaMazwe oLuntu kwezoQoqosho, amaLungelo eNkcubeko, uMnqophiso wamazwe ngaMalungelo oLuntu kunye nezoPolitiko, iNgqungquthela yeZizwe ngezizwe yokupheliswa kwazo zonke iindlela zocalucalulo ngokobuhlanga, ingqungquthela yokupheliswa kwazo zonke iintlobo ukucalucalulwa kwabasetyhini, iNdibano yokuNgcungcuthekisa kunye nokunye ukuPhathwa gadalala, ukuphathwa gadalala okanye ukuthotywa isidima okanye isohlwayo, iNgqungquthela yamaLungelo oMntwana kunye neNgqungquthela yeHlabathi malunga nokuKhuselwa kwamaLungelo abo bonke abasebenzi abafudukayo kunye amalungu osapho lwabo,

e) Ukuqonda ukuba uluvo lokukhubazeka luyanda kwaye neziphene zivela kunxibelelwano phakathi kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nezithintelo zokuziphatha nezokusingqongileyo ezithintela ukuthatha kwabo inxaxheba ngokupheleleyo nangokufanelekileyo eluntwini ngokulinganayo abanye,

f) Ukuqonda ukubaluleka kwemithetho-siseko nezikhokelo eziqulathwe kwiNkqubo yokuSebenza yeHlabathi malunga nabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neMithetho yokuLungelelaniswa kwamathuba abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nefuthe labo kukhuthazo, uphuhliso kunye novavanyo kuzwelonke, kwingingqi nakwamanye amazwe amanqanaba emigaqo-nkqubo, izicwangciso, iinkqubo kunye nemilinganiselo ejolise ekulinganiseni amathuba kubantu abakhubazekileyo,

(g) Ukugxininisa ukubaluleka kokubeka imeko yabantu abakhubazekileyo kwizicwangciso zophuhliso ezizinzileyo ezifanelekileyo,

h) Ukwamkela ukuba naluphi na ucalucalulo olusekwe ekukhubazekeni kukuchaswa kwesidima kunye nokuxabiseka komntu,

i) Ukuqonda ngakumbi ukwahluka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo,

j) Ukuqonda isidingo sokukhuthaza nokukhusela amalungelo abantu abo bonke abantu abakhubazekileyo, kubandakanya nabo bafuna inkxaso engaphezulu,

k) Ukuxhalabile ukuba ngaphandle kwezi zixhobo nezibophelelo ezahlukeneyo, abantu abakhubazekileyo bayaqhubeka nokujongana nezithintelo ekuthatheni inxaxheba kwabo eluntwini njengamalungu alinganayo alo kwaye bacalulwa. ukuphulwa kwamalungelo oluntu kuzo zonke iindawo zehlabathi,

(l) Ukuqonda ukubaluleka kwentsebenziswano namazwe aphesheya ekuphuculeni iimeko zokuphila zabantu abakhubazekileyo kuwo onke amazwe, ngakumbi kumazwe asaphuhlayo,

m) Ukuxabisa imirhumo eluncedo yangoku nenokubakho yabantu abakhubazekileyo kwintlalo-ntle ngokubanzi neyantlukwano yoluntu lwabo nokwazi ukuba ukukhuthazwa kokonwatyiswa okupheleleyo kwamalungelo oluntu kunye nenkululeko esisiseko ngabo bantu ngokunjalo naleyo ukuthatha kwabo inxaxheba ngokuzeleyo kuya komeleza ukuzithemba kwabo kwaye baqhubele phambili ngokubonakalayo kuphuhliso lwabantu, lwezentlalo nezoqoqosho kwiindawo zabo kunye nokupheliswa kwendlala,

(n) Ukuqonda ukubaluleka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ukuzimela nokuzimela kwabo, kubandakanya nenkululeko yokuzikhethela,

(o) Ukukholelwa ekubeni abantu abakhubazekileyo kufuneka banikwe ithuba lokuthatha inxaxheba kwiinkqubo zokwenziwa kwezigqibo malunga nemigaqo-nkqubo neenkqubo, ngakumbi ezo zibachaphazela ngqo,

p) Ukuxhalaba malunga nobunzima abajamelana nabo abantu abakhubazekileyo, abasesichengeni seendlela ezininzi okanye ezigwenxa zocalucalulo olusekwe kubuhlanga, ibala, isini, ulwimi, inkolo, uluvo lwezopolitiko okanye naluphi na olunye uluvo, l ubuzwe, ubuhlanga, imveli okanye imvelaphi yasekuhlaleni, ubutyebi, ukuzalwa, ubudala okanye nayiphi na enye imeko,

q) Ukuqonda ukuba abasetyhini kunye namantombazana akhubazekileyo bahlala basemngciphekweni omkhulu wobundlobongela, ukwenzakala emzimbeni, ukuxhatshazwa, ukungakhathalelwa okanye ukungahoywa, ngaphakathi nangaphandle kweentsapho ukuxhatshazwa okanye ukuxhaphaza,

r) Ukuqonda ukuba abantwana abakhubazekileyo kufuneka bawaxhamle onke amalungelo oluntu kunye neenkululeko ezisisiseko ngokulinganayo nabanye abantwana, nokukhumbula uxanduva olwenziweyo ngooRhulumente ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Amaqela kwiNkomfa yamaLungelo oMntwana,

(s) Ukugxininisa isidingo sokubeka umthetho-siseko wokulingana ngokwesini kuyo yonke imizamo yokukhuthaza ukonwatyiswa kwamalungelo oluntu nenkululeko yabantu abakhubazekileyo,

(t) Ukugxininisa ukuba uninzi lwabantu abakhubazekileyo baphila kwintlupheko kwaye beqonda ukuba koku kubaluleke kakhulu ekujonganeni neziphumo eziyintlupheko zabantu abakhubazekileyo,

u) Ukwazi ukuba ukhuseleko olusebenzayo lwabantu abakhubazekileyo lubeka iimeko zoxolo nokhuseleko olusekwe ekuthotyelweni ngokupheleleyo kwiinjongo nemigaqo yoMgaqo-siseko weZizwe eziManyeneyo nakwintlonipho yezixhobo zamalungelo oluntu ezifanelekileyo, ngakumbi Kwimeko yongquzulwano ngezixhobo okanye ngokungeniswa kwamanye amazwe

v) Ukuqonda ukubaluleka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo abanofikelelo olupheleleyo kwizibonelelo zomzimba, zentlalo, zoqoqosho nezenkcubeko, kwezempilo nakwimfundo, kunye nolwazi kunye nonxibelelwano ukuze onwabele onke amalungelo. yomntu nayo yonke inkululeko esisiseko,

w) Uyazi ukuba umntu, enikwe uxanduva kwabanye abantu nakuluntu ahlala kulo, kufuneka enze konke okusemandleni ukukhuthaza nokuhlonipha amalungelo avunyiweyo kwiBhili yaMalungelo oLuntu yeHlabathi,

x) Ndiqinisekile ukuba usapho yinto yendalo kunye nesiseko soluntu kwaye linelungelo lokhuselo loluntu kunye norhulumente kwaye abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye namalungu eentsapho zabo kufuneka bafumane ukhuseleko olufanelekileyo noncedo ukuze iintsapho zibe negalelo ekuzonwabiseni ngokupheleleyo nangokulinganayo kumalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo,

y) Ndiqinisekile ukuba indibano yezizwe ngezizwe ebanzi nehlangeneyo yokukhuthaza nokukhusela amalungelo nesidima sabantu abakhubazekileyo iya kuba negalelo elikhulu ekulungiseni ingxaki yabantu abaxhwalekileyo nezokukhuthaza intatho-nxaxheba yabo. isiseko samathuba alinganayo, kuyo yonke imimandla yoluntu, yezopolitiko, ezoqoqosho, intlalo kunye nenkcubeko, kumazwe aphuhlileyo nasaphuhlayo ngokufanayo,

Ndivumile ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

Inqaku lokuqala

into
0
(Izimvo)x

Injongo yale Ngqungquthela kukukhuthaza, ukukhusela nokuqinisekisa ukonwatyiswa okupheleleyo nokulinganayo kwawo onke amalungelo oluntu kunye neenkululeko ezisisiseko ngabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokukhuthaza ukuhlonitshwa kwesidima sabo semvelo.

Abantu abakhubazekileyo baqondwa njengabantu abakhubazekileyo ngokwasemzimbeni, ngokwasengqondweni, ngokwasengqondweni okanye ngokweemvakalelo abanxibelelana nezithintelo ezahlukeneyo ezinokuthi zithintele ukuthatha kwabo inxaxheba ngokufanelekileyo nangokufanelekileyo eluntwini ngokulinganayo nabanye.

Isiqendu 2

Iingcaciso
0
(Izimvo)x

Ukulungiselela le Ngqungquthela:

Ngokuthi "unxibelelwano" sithetha, phakathi kwezinye, iilwimi, ukubonisa umbhalo, iBraille, unxibelelwano oluchukumisayo, ushicilelo olukhulu, inkxaso yemultimedia efikelelekayo kunye neendlela, iindlela neendlela zonxibelelwano eziphuculweyo nolunye olusekwe imithombo yeendaba ebhaliweyo, imithombo yeendaba evakalayo, ulwimi olwenziwe lula kunye nokufundwa ngabantu, kubandakanya ulwazi olufikelelekayo kunye neetekhnoloji zonxibelelwano;

“ULwimi” luthetha, phakathi kwezinye izinto, iilwimi ezithethwayo kunye neelwimi zezandla nezinye iintlobo zolwimi olungathethwayo;

Ucalucalulo ngokwesiseko sokukhubazeka luthetha nakuphi na ukwahlula, ukukhethelwa ngaphandle okanye ukuthintelwa okusekwe kukhubazeko olunento okanye nefuthe lokubeka esichengeni okanye ukubhangisa ukwamkelwa, ukonwatyiswa okanye umthambo, ngokwesiseko sokulingana. nabanye, onke amalungelo oluntu nayo yonke inkululeko ebalulekileyo kwezopolitiko, ezoqoqosho, ezentlalo, inkcubeko, ezentlalo okanye ezinye iinkalo. Ucalucalulo ngokwesiseko sokukhubazeka lubandakanya zonke iindlela zocalucalulo, kubandakanya nokwaliwa kwendawo yokuhlala efanelekileyo;

Indawo yokuhlala efanelekileyo ichaza uhlengahlengiso oluyimfuneko nolufanelekileyo olunganyanzelisi umthwalo ongenakulinganiswa okanye ongafanelekanga owenziwe, ngokweemfuno kwimeko ethile, ukuqinisekisa ukonwatyiswa okanye ukusetyenziswa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo, ngokwesiseko ukulingana nabanye, onke amalungelo oluntu nayo yonke inkululeko ebalulekileyo;

Uyilo lwe-Universal kuyilo lweemveliso, izixhobo, iinkqubo kunye neenkonzo ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe ngumntu wonke, ukuya kuthi ga ngokugqibeleleyo, ngaphandle kwesidingo sokwenza ngokwezifiso okanye uyilo olukhethekileyo. "Uyilo lweNdalo iphela" aluzibandakanyi izixhobo ezincedisayo kunye nezixhobo zeendidi ezithile zabantu abakhubazekileyo apho zifuneka khona.

Isiqendu 3

Imigaqo ngokubanzi
0
(Izimvo)x

Imithetho-siseko yale Ngqungquthela ithi:

(a) Ukuhlonipha isidima sendalo, ukuzimela geqe, kubandakanya inkululeko yokuzikhethela, nokuzimela kwabantu;

b) Ukungacalulwa;

c) Ukuthatha inxaxheba ngokupheleleyo nangokufanelekileyo nokubandakanywa kuluntu;

d) Ukuhlonipha umahluko nokwamkelwa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo njengenxalenye yokwahluka kwabantu kunye noluntu;

e) Ukulingana kwamathuba;

f) Ukufikeleleka;

g) Ukulingana phakathi kwamadoda nabafazi;

(h) Ukuhlonipha ukuphuhliswa kwezakhono zabantwana abakhubazekileyo kunye nokuhlonipha ilungelo labantwana abakhubazekileyo lokugcina ubuni babo.

Isiqendu 4

Uxanduva ngokubanzi
0
(Izimvo)x

AmaQela aseMelika ayazibophelela ekuqinisekiseni nasekukhuthazeni ukonwatyiswa kwawo onke amalungelo oluntu kunye neenkululeko ezisisiseko kubo bonke abantu abakhubazekileyo ngaphandle kocalulo lwalo naluphi na uhlobo ngenxa yokukhubazeka. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, bathembisa:

Ukwamkela onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo omthetho, olawulo okanye amanye amanyathelo okuphumeza amalungelo avunyiweyo kule Ngqungquthela;

(b) Thatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo, kubandakanya amanyathelo owiso-mthetho, ukuguqula, ukutshitshisa okanye ukuphelisa imithetho, imigaqo, amasiko kunye nezenzo eziyimvelaphi yocalulo kubantu abakhubazekileyo;

(c) Uthathele ingqalelo ukukhuselwa nokunyuswa kwamalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo kuyo yonke imigaqo-nkqubo neenkqubo;

d) Ukuyeka nasiphi na isenzo nokwenza okungahambelaniyo nesi siVumelwano kunye nokuqinisekisa ukuba amagunya oluntu kunye namaziko enza ngokungqinelana nale Ngqungquthela;

e) Thatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuphelisa ucalucalulo olusekwe kukhubazeko olwenziwa nguye nawuphina umntu, umbutho okanye ishishini labucala;

f) Yenza okanye ukhuthaze uphando kunye nophuhliso lweempahla, iinkonzo, izixhobo kunye noyilo loyilo kwindalo iphela, njengoko kuchaziwe kwinqaku lesi-2 lale Ngqungquthela, ekufuneka ifune ubuncinci bokuziqhelanisa kunye imirhumo yokuhlangabezana neemfuno ezithile zabantu abakhubazekileyo, ukukhuthaza ukubonelelwa nokusetyenziswa kweempahla, iinkonzo, izixhobo kunye nezixhobo kunye nokukhuthaza ukubandakanywa koyilo jikelele kuphuhliso lwemigangatho nezikhokelo;

g) Yenza okanye ukhuthaze uphando kunye nophuhliso kwaye ukhuthaze ukuhanjiswa nokusetyenziswa kwetekhnoloji entsha- kubandakanya ulwazi kunye neetekhnoloji zonxibelelwano, izixhobo zokuhamba, izixhobo kunye nezixhobo kunye netekhnoloji ye 'uncedo-olulungiselelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo, kugxininiswa kubuchwepheshe obufikelelekayo;

(h) Nika abantu abakhubazekileyo ulwazi olufikelelekayo ngoncedo lokuhamba, izixhobo kunye nezixhobo kunye netekhnoloji yokunceda, kubandakanya ubuchwepheshe obutsha, kunye nezinye iindlela zoncedo, iinkonzo zenkxaso kunye nezixhobo;

i) Khuthaza uqeqesho kumalungelo avunyiweyo kule Ngqungquthela yeengcali kunye nabasebenzi abasebenza nabantu abakhubazekileyo, ukuze kuphuculwe ukubonelelwa ngoncedo kunye neenkonzo eziqinisekiswe ngala malungelo.

2. Kwimeko yamalungelo ezoqoqosho, ezentlalo nawenkcubeko, iqela ngalinye likaRhulumente liyazibophelela, ngokufumana ubuninzi bezixhobo elinazo kwaye, ukuba kukho imfuneko, ngokwesakhelo sentsebenziswano yamazwe aphesheya, ngenjongo ukuqhubela phambili ukuqinisekisa ukusetyenziswa ngokupheleleyo kwala malungelo, ngaphandle kokuthintela ukuthotyelwa kwezi zibophelelo zichazwe kule Ngqungquthela nezisebenza ngoko nangoko phantsi komthetho wamazwe.

3. Ekuphuhlisweni nasekusetyenzisweni kwemithetho nemigaqo-nkqubo eyamkelweyo yokuphumeza le Ngqungquthela, kunye nokwamkelwa kwazo naziphi na izigqibo kwimiba enxulumene nabantu abakhubazekileyo, aMazwe aMaqela aya kuthi abonisane ngokusondeleyo kwaye ubandakanyeke ngenkuthalo kwaba bantu, kubandakanya abantwana abakhubazekileyo, ngemibutho ebameleyo.

4. Akukho nalinye igatya lale Ngqungquthela eliyakuthi lonakalise nayiphi na imiqathango evumela ukusetyenziswa kwamalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo anokuthi abonakale kumthetho weQela likaRhulumente okanye kumthetho wamazwe ngamazwe osebenza kwelo Rhulumente. Akukho sithintelo okanye ukuthotywa kumalungelo oluntu kunye nenkululeko esisiseko eyamkelweyo okanye esebenzayo kwiQela likaRhulumente kule Ngqungquthela ngenxa yemithetho, imigaqo, imigaqo okanye amasiko anokuvunyelwa, ngezizathu zokuba Ingqungquthela ayiwamkeli la malungelo kunye nenkululeko okanye iwaqwalasele kwinqanaba elincinci.

5. Amagatya ale Ngqungquthela asebenza, ngaphandle komda okanye ngaphandle kwawo, kuwo onke amacandelo alawula ilizwe.

Isiqendu 5

Ukulingana nokungacaluli
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayayiqonda into yokuba bonke abantu bayalingana phambi komthetho nangaphantsi komthetho, kwaye banelungelo ngaphandle kokucalulwa kukhuseleko olulinganayo kunye nokuxhamla ngokulinganayo emthethweni.

2. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuthintela zonke iintlobo zocalucalulo ezisekwe kubakhubazekileyo kwaye aqinisekise abantu abakhubazekileyo ngokulinganayo nangokufanelekileyo ukukhuselwa okusemthethweni kulo naluphi na ucalucalulo, nokuba lunjani.

3. Ukwenzela ukukhuthaza ukulingana nokuphelisa ucalucalulo, amaZwe aseMelika aya kuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo ukuqinisekisa ukuba indawo yokuhlala iyenziwa.

4. Amanyathelo athile ayimfuneko ukukhawulezisa okanye ukuqinisekisa ukulingana kwabantu abakhubazekileyo awaluthathi ucalucalulo ngokwentsingiselo yale Ngqungquthela.

Isiqendu 6

Abasetyhini abakhubazekileyo
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayaqonda ukuba abantu ababhinqileyo kunye namantombazana akhubazekileyo ahlangana neendlela ezininzi zocalucalulo, kwaye athabatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo okubavumela ukuba bawonwabele ngokuzeleyo nangokulinganayo onke amalungelo oluntu nawo onke amalungelo oluntu. inkululeko ezisisiseko.

2. Amazwe aseMelika azakuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo ukuqinisekisa uphuhliso olupheleleyo, ukukhuthazwa nokuxhotyiswa kwabasetyhini, ukuze baqinisekiswe ukusebenzisa nokuzonwabisa kwamalungelo oluntu kunye neenkululeko ezisisiseko ezichazwe kule Ngqungquthela.

Isiqendu 7

Abantwana abakhubazekileyo
1
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika azakuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantwana abakhubazekileyo bonwabele onke amalungelo oluntu kunye neenkululeko ezisisiseko ngokulinganayo nabanye abantwana.

2. Kuzo zonke izigqibo ezichaphazela abantwana abakhubazekileyo, ezona mfuno zilungileyo zomntwana kufuneka ziqwalaselwe kuqala.

3. AmaZwe amaZwe aya kuqinisekisa kubantwana abakhubazekileyo, ngokulinganayo nabanye abantwana, ilungelo lokuvakalisa ngokukhululekileyo izimvo zabo kuwo nawuphi na umcimbi obakhathazayo, izimvo zomntwana zithathelwa ingqalelo ngokufanelekileyo. kuthathelwa ingqalelo iminyaka yakhe kunye nenqanaba lokukhula kwakhe, kunye nokufumana, ekusebenziseni eli lungelo, uncedo olulungiselelwe ukukhubazeka kunye nobudala bakhe.

Isiqendu 8

zegazi
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayazibophelela ekuthatheni amanyathelo kwangoko, asebenzayo kwaye afanelekileyo:

(a) Ukuphakamisa ulwazi loluntu luphela, kubandakanywa kwinqanaba losapho, kwimeko yabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokukhuthaza ukuhlonitshwa kwamalungelo nesidima sabantu abakhubazekileyo;

(b) Ukulwa neenkolelo, iingcinga kunye neendlela eziyingozi ngokubhekisele kubantu abakhubazekileyo, kubandakanya nabo banxulumene nesini nobudala, kuzo zonke iinkalo;

c) Ukuphakamisa ulwazi ngezakhono kwanamagalelo abantu abakhubazekileyo.

2. Njengenxalenye yamanyathelo abawathathayo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amaQela aseMelika:

a) Qalisa kwaye usebenze amaphulo okwazisa uluntu ngenjongo yoku:

i) Ukukhuthaza isimo sengqondo esamkelekileyo kumalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo;

(ii) Ukukhuthaza umbono oqinisekileyo wabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye noluntu ngokubanzi kubo;

iii) Ukukhuthaza ukwamkelwa kwezakhono, ukufaneleka kunye nezakhono zabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye negalelo labo kwindawo abasebenza kuyo nakwimakethi yezabasebenzi;

(b) Ukukhuthaza kuwo onke amanqanaba enkqubo yemfundo, ngakumbi kubo bonke abantwana ukususela ebutsheni, isimo sengqondo sokuhlonipha amalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo;

(c) Khuthaza onke amajelo eendaba ukuba abonise abantu abakhubazekileyo ngendlela ehambelana neenjongo zale Ngqungquthela;

d) Ukukhuthaza ukuququzelelwa kweenkqubo zoqeqesho zokwazisa abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye namalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo.

Isiqendu 9

ufikelelo
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Ukwenza ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bakwazi ukuphila ngokuzimeleyo kwaye bathathe inxaxheba ngokupheleleyo kuzo zonke iinkalo zobomi, amaZwe aMazwe aza kuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuqinisekisa, ngesiseko sokulingana nabanye, ukufikelela indalo esingqongileyo, ezothutho, ingcaciso nonxibelelwano, kubandakanya ulwazi neenkqubo zonxibelelwano kunye neetekhnoloji, kunye nezinye izixhobo kunye neenkonzo ezivulekileyo okanye ezinikezelwe kuluntu, zombini ezidolophini kunasemaphandleni. La manyathelo, abandakanya ukuchongwa nokususwa kwezithintelo kunye nezithintelo ekufikeleleni, ayasebenza, phakathi kwezinye:

(a) Izakhiwo, iindlela, ezothutho kunye nezinye izixhobo zangaphakathi okanye zangaphandle, kubandakanya izikolo, izindlu, indawo zonyango kunye neendawo zokusebenza;

(b) Ulwazi, unxibelelwano kunye nezinye iinkonzo, kubandakanya iinkonzo ze-elektroniki kunye neenkonzo zongxamiseko.

2. Amazwe aseMelika nawo aya kuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo:

(a) Ukuphuhlisa nokwazisa ubuncinci bemigangatho yesizwe kunye nezikhokelo zokufikeleleka kwamancedo kunye neenkonzo ezivulekileyo okanye ezinikezelwe kuluntu kunye nokubeka iliso ekusetyenzisweni kwale migangatho kunye nezikhokelo;

b) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba imibutho yabucala enikezela ngezixhobo okanye iinkonzo ezivulekileyo okanye ezinikezelwa kuluntu zithathela ingqalelo yonke imiba yokufikeleleka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo;

(c) Ukubonelela ngoqeqesho kumaqela afanelekileyo ngemiba yokufikelela ejongene nabantu abakhubazekileyo;

(d) Ukubonelela ngezakhiwo nakwezinye iindawo ezivulekileyo kwimibhalo yoluntu kwiBraille nakwiifom ekulula ukuzifunda nokuziqonda;

e) Ukwenza iifom zoncedo lwabantu okanye lwezilwanyana kunye neenkonzo zabalamli, ngakumbi izikhokelo, abafundi kunye neetoliki eziqeqeshela intetho yezandla, ukuze kube lula ukufikelela kwizakhiwo nakwezinye iindawo ezivulelekileyo kuluntu;

f) Ukukhuthaza ezinye iindlela ezifanelekileyo zoncedo nenkxaso kubantu abakhubazekileyo ukuqinisekisa ukufikelela kwabo kulwazi;

(g) Ukukhuthaza ukufikelela kubantu abakhubazekileyo kulwazi kunye neenkqubo zonxibelelwano ezintsha kunye neetekhnoloji, kubandakanya i-Intanethi;

(h) Ukukhuthaza uphononongo, uphuhliso, imveliso nokusasazwa kolwazi kunye neenkqubo zonxibelelwano kunye neetekhnoloji kwangoko, ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukufikeleleka kwazo ngexabiso eliphantsi.

Isiqendu 10

Ilungelo lokuphila
0
(Izimvo)x

Amaqela aseMelika aqinisekisa ukuba ilungelo lobomi lilifa lomntu kwaye lithatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuqinisekisa ukonwaba kwabo bantu bakhubazekileyo, ngokulingana nabanye.

Isiqendu 11

Iimeko zomngcipheko kunye nezongxamiseko kuluntu
0
(Izimvo)x

Amaqela aseMelika aya kuthi, ngokwezibophelelo zawo phantsi komthetho wamazwe aphesheya, kubandakanya nomthetho wamazwe ngamazwe wobuntu kunye nomthetho wamazwe ngamazwe wamalungelo oluntu, onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuqinisekisa ukhuseleko nokhuseleko lwabantu abakhubazekileyo umngcipheko, kubandakanya ukungqubana ngezixhobo, iingxaki zoluntu kunye neentlekele zendalo.

Isiqendu 12

Ukwamkelwa kobuntu obusemthethweni phantsi kweemeko ezilinganayo
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika aqinisekisa kwakhona ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo banelungelo lokwamkelwa naphi na kubuntu babo obusemthethweni.

2. Amazwe aseMelika ayaqonda ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bonwabele izikhundla ezisemthethweni kuyo yonke imimandla, ngokulinganayo nabanye.

3. Amazwe aseMelika aya kuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo okubonelela abantu abakhubazekileyo ngokufikelela kwinkxaso abanokuyidinga basebenzise amandla abo asemthethweni.

4. Amazwe aseMelika kufuneka aqinisekise ukuba amanyathelo aphathelene nokusetyenziswa kwamandla asemthethweni ahamba kunye neziqinisekiso ezifanelekileyo nezisebenzayo zokuthintela ukuxhatshazwa, ngokuhambelana nomthetho wamalungelo oluntu wamanye amazwe. Ezi ziqinisekiso kufuneka ziqinisekise ukuba amanyathelo anxulumene nokusetyenziswa kwamandla asemthethweni ahlonipha amalungelo, iminqweno kunye nokukhethwa komxholo wedatha, akhululekile kulo naluphi na ungquzulwano lomdla kwaye awunikeli mpembelelo ingafanelekanga. ulinganiselwe kwaye uhlengahlengiswe kwimeko yomntu ochaphazelekayo, ufake isicelo sexesha elifutshane kwaye unokuphononongwa ngamaxesha ngamaxesha ngumbutho onobuchule, ozimeleyo ongakhethi cala okanye iqumrhu lezomthetho. Ezi ziqinisekiso kufuneka kwakhona zilinganiswe ukuya kuthi ga kwinqanaba apho amanyathelo acwangcisiweyo ukulungiselela ukusetyenziswa kwamandla omthetho achaphazela amalungelo kunye nomdla wesifundo sedatha.

5. Ngokuxhomekeke kwimimiselo yeli nqaku, amaQela aseMerika aya kuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo nanempumelelo okuqinisekisa ilungelo labantu abakhubazekileyo, ngokulinganayo nabanye, lokuba nelifa okanye ilifa. , Ukulawula iimali zabo kwaye banokufikelela ngokufana nakwabanye abantu kwimali mboleko zebhanki, izinto ezibambekayo kunye nezinye iindlela zetyala lemali; baqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo abahluthwa iimpahla zabo.

Isiqendu 13

Ukufikelela kubulungisa
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuqinisekisa ukufikelela okusebenzayo kubantu abakhubazekileyo kwezomthetho, ngokulinganayo nabanye, kubandakanywa nenkqubo yokuhlala kunye neminyaka ethile, ukuze ukuququzelela ukuthatha kwabo inxaxheba ngokukuko, ngokuthe ngqo okanye ngokungathanga ngqo, ngakumbi njengamangqina, kuzo zonke iinkqubo zomthetho, kubandakanywa kwinqanaba lophando nakwamanye amanqanaba okuqala.

2. Ukwenzela ukunceda ukuqinisekisa ukufikelela ngokukuko kubulungisa kubantu abakhubazekileyo, aMazwe aMaqela aza kukhuthaza uqeqesho olufanelekileyo kubasebenzi ababandakanyekayo kulawulo lobulungisa, kubandakanywa namapolisa kunye nabasebenzi basejele.

Isiqendu 14

Inkululeko kunye nokhuseleko lomntu
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika kufuneka aqinisekise ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo, ngokulinganayo nabanye:

(a) Nandipha ilungelo lenkululeko kunye nokhuseleko lomntu;

(b) Bangayihluthwa inkululeko yabo ngokungekho mthethweni okanye ngokungenanceba; baqinisekisa ukuba nakuphi na ukuphucwa inkululeko kuhambelana nomthetho nokuba akukho sikhubekiso kubungqina bokuhluthwa inkululeko.

2. AmaZwe amaZwe aya kuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo, ukuba bahluthwe inkululeko yabo kulandela nayiphi na inkqubo, banelungelo, ngokulinganayo nabanye, kwiziqinisekiso ezinikezelwa ngumthetho. umthetho wamazwe ngamazwe wamalungelo oluntu kwaye uphathwa ngokungqinelana neenjongo kunye nemigaqo yesi siVumelwano, kubandakanywa nenzuzo yendawo yokuhlala efanelekileyo.

Isiqendu 15

Unelungelo lokungaphathwa gadalala, okanye ngenkohlakalo, ngokungenabuntu okanye ngempatho eluhlazo okanye isohlwayo
0
(Izimvo)x

Akukho namnye oza kuphathwa gadalala, ngenkohlakalo, ngokungenabuntu okanye ngempatho eluhlazo okanye isohlwayo. Ngokukodwa, akuvumelekile ukubeka umntu ngaphandle kwemvume yasimahla kuvavanyo lwezonyango okanye lwenzululwazi.

2. AmaZwe ngamaQela aya kuthatha onke amanyathelo owiso-mthetho, olawulo, ezomthetho namanye amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuthintela, ngokulinganayo nabanye, abantu abakhubazekileyo ekubeni bangcungcuthekiswe okanye baphathwe gadalala, baphathwe gadalala okanye bohlwaywe. okanye ukuthotywa isidima.

Isiqendu 16

Ilungelo lokungaxhatshazwa, ubundlobongela kunye nokuxhatshazwa.
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuthatha onke amanyathelo owiso-mthetho, olawulo, ezentlalo, ezemfundo namanye amanyathelo afanelekileyo okukhusela abantu abakhubazekileyo, ekhaya nakumazwe aphesheya, kuzo zonke iintlobo zokuxhaphaza, ubundlobongela kunye nokuxhatshazwa, kubandakanya imiba esekwe ngokwesini.

2. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuthintela ukuxhaphaza, ubundlobongela kunye nokuxhatshazwa ngokuqinisekisa, ngakumbi, kubantu abakhubazekileyo, iintsapho zabo kunye nabo babakhathalelayo, iindlela ezifanelekileyo zoncedo nenkxaso elungiselelwe isini kunye nobudala, kubandakanya ukubanika ulwazi kunye neenkonzo zemfundo ngendlela yokuphepha, ukuqaphela kunye nokuxela amatyala okuphathwa gadalala, ubundlobongela kunye nokuxhatshazwa. Amazwe aseMelika aya kuqinisekisa ukuba iinkonzo zokhuselo zithathela ingqalelo iminyaka, isini kunye nokukhubazeka kwabantu abachaphazelekayo.

3. Ukuthintela zonke iintlobo zokuxhaphaza, ubundlobongela kunye nokuxhatshazwa, amaQela aMazwe aya kuqinisekisa ukuba onke amaziko neenkqubo zabantu abakhubazekileyo zibekwe esweni ngokufanelekileyo ngabasemagunyeni abazimeleyo.

4. Amazwe aseMelika azakuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuququzelela ukubuyela emzimbeni, ngokwasengqondweni nangokwasengqondweni, ukubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo nokubuyiselwa ekuhlaleni kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ababengamaxhoba okuphathwa gadalala, obundlobongela okanye ukuphathwa gadalala ngazo zonke iindlela, ngakumbi ubonelelo ngeenkonzo zokhuselo. Ukubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo nokubuyiselwa kwimeko yesiqhelo kwenzeka kwindawo ekhuthaza impilo, impilo-ntle, ukuzithemba, isidima nokuzimela komntu kwaye kuthathela ingqalelo iimfuno ezinxulumene ngokukodwa nesini nobudala. .

5. Amazwe aseMelika azakubeka imithetho nemigaqo-nkqubo esebenzayo, kubandakanya nomthetho kunye nemigaqo-nkqubo egxile kwabasetyhini nasebantwaneni, eqinisekisa ukuba amatyala okuxhatshazwa, ubundlobongela kunye nokuxhatshazwa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ayafunyanwa. , ziyaphandwa kwaye, apho kufanelekileyo, zikhokelele ekutshutshisweni.

Isiqendu 17

Ukukhuselwa kwengqibelelo yomntu
0
(Izimvo)x

Wonke umntu okhubazekileyo unelungelo lokuhlonipha imo yomzimba nengqondo yakhe ngokulingana nabanye.

Isiqendu 18

Ilungelo lenkululeko yokuhamba kunye nobuzwe
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuqonda kubantu abakhubazekileyo, ngokulinganayo nabanye, ilungelo lokuhamba ngokukhululekileyo, ilungelo lokukhetha ngokukhululekileyo indawo yokuhlala nelungelo lobuzwe, kwaye aqinisekise ngakumbi ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo:

(a) Banelungelo lokufumana ubuzwe kunye nokutshintsha ubuzwe kwaye bangabanjelwa ubuzwe babo ngokungenabuzwilakhe okanye ngenxa yesiphene;

b) Abahluthwanga, ngenxa yesiphene, ekubeni babe nokufumana, babenakho kwaye basebenzise amaxwebhu angqina ubuzwe babo okanye amanye amaxwebhu esazisi okanye babhenele kwiinkqubo ezifanelekileyo, ezinje ngeenkqubo zomthetho ukufudukela kwelinye ilizwe, elinokuthi libe yimfuneko ukulungiselela ukusetyenziswa kwelungelo lokuhamba ngokukhululekileyo;

c) Unelungelo lokushiya naliphi na ilizwe, kubandakanya nelabo;

d) Ukungavinjwa ilungelo lokungena kwilizwe labo.

2. Abantwana abakhubazekileyo babhaliswa kwakamsinya nje emva kokuba bezelwe kwaye banelungelo lokufumana igama, ilungelo lokufumana ubuzwe kwaye, kangangoko banako, ilungelo lokwazi abazali babo nokukhuliswa ngabo. .

Isiqendu 19

Ukuphila ngokuzimeleyo kunye nokubandakanywa eluntwini
0
(Izimvo)x

Amazwe aseMthethweni avuma eli lungelo labo bonke abantu abakhubazekileyo lokuhlala eluntwini, benenkululeko yokuzikhethela efanayo neyabanye abantu, kwaye bathatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo nafanelekileyo okuququzelela ukonwabela eli lungelo ngabantu abakhubazekileyo. ngokunjalo nokudityaniswa kwazo ngokupheleleyo nokuthatha inxaxheba eluntwini, ngakumbi ngokuqinisekisa ukuba:

a) Abantu abakhubazekileyo banakho ukukhetha, ngokwesiseko sokulingana nabanye, indawo abahlala kuyo kwaye bahlala phi kwaye bazakuhlala nabani kwaye abanyanzelekanga ukuba bahlale kwindawo ethile yokuhlala. ;

b) Abantu abakhubazekileyo banokufikelela kuluhlu lweenkonzo zamakhaya okanye zokuhlala kunye nezinye iinkonzo zentlalo-ntle ezixhasayo, kubandakanya noncedo lomntu siqu oluyimfuneko ukubenza bakwazi ukuhlala kunye nokudibanisa noluntu nokukhusela 'ababodwa okanye amaxhoba ocalucalulo;

c) Iinkonzo zentlalo kunye namaziko oluntu ngokubanzi enziwa afumaneke kubantu abakhubazekileyo ngokulinganayo nabanye kwaye ahlengahlengiswe kwiimfuno zabo.

Isiqendu 20

Ukuhamba komntu
0
(Izimvo)x

Amazwe aseMelika aya kuthatha amanyathelo asebenzayo okuqinisekisa ukuhamba kwabantu abakhubazekileyo, ngokuzimela okukhulu, kubandakanya:

(a) Ukuququzelela ukushukumiseka kobuqu kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ngendlela nangexesha abakhetha ngalo, nangeendleko ezifikelelekayo;

b) Ukuququzelela ukufikelela kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kwizinto zoncedo lokuhamba, izixhobo kunye nezixhobo, iitekhnoloji zokunceda, iintlobo zoncedo lwabantu okanye lwezilwanyana kunye nabalamli abasemgangathweni, ngakumbi ngokuqinisekisa ukuba iindleko zabo ziyafikeleleka;

(c) Ukubonelela ngoqeqesho ngeendlela zokuhamba kubantu abakhubazekileyo nakubasebenzi abakhethekileyo abasebenza nabo;

d) Ukukhuthaza imibutho evelisa izixhobo zokuhamba, izixhobo kunye nezixhobo kunye neetekhnoloji ezincedisayo ukuba zithathele ingqalelo yonke imiba yokuhamba kwabantu abakhubazekileyo.

Isiqendu 21

Inkululeko yokuvakalisa izimvo noluvo kunye nokufikelela kulwazi
0
(Izimvo)x

Amazwe aza kuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bangasebenzisa ilungelo labo lokuthetha nokuthetha, kubandakanya nenkululeko yokucela, yokufumana neyokudlulisa ulwazi kunye nemibono, ngendlela elinganayo. nabanye nangokusebenzisa naziphi na iindlela zonxibelelwano abazikhethele zona ngokwentsingiselo yeCandelo lesi-2 lale Nkomfa. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amaQela eMelika:

(a) Ukwazisa ngolwazi olujolise kuluntu ngokubanzi kubantu abakhubazekileyo, ngaphandle kokulibazisa ngaphandle kwendleko ezongezelelweyo kubo, kwiifomathi ezifikelelekayo kunye nokusebenzisa iitekhnoloji ezilungiselelwe iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zokukhubazeka;

b) Yamkela kwaye iququzelele ukusetyenziswa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo, kwiinkqubo zabo ezisemthethweni, intetho yezandla, ibreyili, unxibelelwano oluphuculweyo nolunye uhlobo kunye nazo zonke ezinye iindlela ezifikelelekayo, iindlela kunye neendlela zonxibelelwano abazikhethele zona;

(c) Bongoza imibutho yabucala eyenza ukuba iinkonzo zifumaneke eluntwini, kubandakanya ne-intanethi, ukuba zinike ulwazi kunye neenkonzo ngeendlela ezifikeleleka kubantu abakhubazekileyo kwaye bazisebenzise;

(d) Khuthaza amajelo eendaba, kuquka nalawo athetha ngolwazi lwawo nge-Intanethi, ukuba enze iinkonzo zawo zifikeleleke kubantu abakhubazekileyo;

e) Ukwamkela nokukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kweelwimi zezandla.

Isiqendu 22

Intlonipho ngobomi babucala
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Akukho mntu ukhubazekileyo, nokuba uhlala phi okanye uhlala phi na, uya kuthi aphazanyiswe ngokungenabulungisa okanye ngokungekho mthethweni kwimfihlo yakhe, usapho, ikhaya okanye imbalelwano okanye ezinye iintlobo zonxibelelwano okanye zonxibelelwano. Uhlaselo olungekho mthethweni kuzuko nembeko. Abantu abakhubazekileyo banelungelo lokhuseleko lomthetho ekuphazanyisweni nakuloo ntlaselo.

2. Amazwe aseMelika ayakukhusela ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha kunye nolwazi olunxulumene nempilo kunye nokubuyiselwa kwimeko yesiqhelo kwabantu abakhubazekileyo ngokulinganayo nabanye.

Isiqendu 23

Intlonipho yekhaya nosapho
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuthatha amanyathelo asebenzayo nafanelekileyo ukuphelisa ucalucalulo kubantu abakhubazekileyo kuyo yonke imicimbi enxulumene nomtshato, usapho, ukuba ngumzali kunye nobudlelane babodwa, ngokwesiseko ukulingana nabanye, kwaye uqinisekise ukuba:

a) Ukuqonda ukuba bonke abantu abakhubazekileyo abakwiminyaka yokutshata banelungelo lokutshata kwaye bafumane usapho ngesiseko semvume yasimahla negcweleyo yamaqabane omtshato;

b) Bahloniphe ilungelo labantu abakhubazekileyo lokuthatha izigqibo ngokukhululekileyo nangolwazi olupheleleyo malunga nenani labantwana babo nokushiyana kwabantwana abazalwayo, kunye nelungelo lokufikelela, ngendlela efanelekileyo ngokweminyaka yabo, kulwazi kunye nemfundo ekuzaleni nasekucwangciseni usapho; kwaye iindlela eziyimfuneko ekusetyenzisweni kwala malungelo zibonelelwe;

c) Abantu abakhubazekileyo, kubandakanya nabantwana, bagcina ukuchuma kwabo ngokulinganayo nabanye.

2. Amazwe aseMelika aqinisekisa ngamalungelo noxanduva lwabantu abakhubazekileyo kwimiba yokugcinwa, ukugcinwa, ukugcinwa nokwamkelwa kwabantwana okanye amaziko afanayo, apho kukho amaziko anjalo kumthetho wesizwe; Kuzo zonke iimeko, ezona mfuno zilungileyo zomntwana zezona ziqwalaselweyo. Amaqela aseMelika abonelela ngoncedo olufanelekileyo kubantu abakhubazekileyo ekusebenziseni uxanduva lwabo lokuba ngabazali.

AmaZwe amaZwe aya kuqinisekisa ukuba abantwana abakhubazekileyo banamalungelo alinganayo kubomi bosapho. Ngeenjongo zokusebenzisa la malungelo nokuthintela ukufihlwa, ukulahlwa, ukungahoywa kunye nokwahlulwa kwabantwana abakhubazekileyo, aMazwe aMazwe azibophelela ukubonelela abantwana abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo kwasekuqaleni , uluhlu olubanzi lolwazi kunye neenkonzo, kubandakanya iinkonzo zenkxaso.

AmaZwe amaZwe aya kuqinisekisa ukuba akukho mntwana wohlulwe kubazali bakhe ngaphandle kokuthanda kwabo, ngaphandle kokuba abasemagunyeni abanesakhono, ngokuxhomekeke kuvavanyo lwezomthetho, bathathe isigqibo, ngokungqinelana nomthetho neenkqubo ezifanelekileyo, ukwahlukana okunjalo kuyimfuneko kumdla womntwana. Ngaphantsi kweemeko, umntwana akahlulwa kubazali bakhe ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwakhe okanye ukukhubazeka komzali omnye okanye bobabini.

5. AmaQela aseMelika ayazibophelela, apho usapho olusondeleyo lungakwaziyo ukukhathalela umntwana okhubazekileyo, ukwenza iinzame zokuqinisekisa ukukhathalelwa komntwana lusapho olongezelelekileyo kwaye, ukuba oku akunakwenzeka, kuseto losapho ekuhlaleni.

Isiqendu 24

imfundo
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika alamkela ilungelo labantu abakhubazekileyo kwimfundo. Ngenjongo yokuqinisekisa ukusetyenziswa kweli lungelo ngaphandle kocalu-calulo kwaye ngokusekelwe kumathuba alinganayo, aMazwe aMazwe aya kuqinisekisa ukuba inkqubo yezemfundo ibonelela ngokudityaniswa kwezikolo kuwo onke amanqanaba nezibonelelo, kulo lonke yobomi, amathuba emfundo ajolise:

(a) Uphuhliso olupheleleyo lwezakhono zabantu kunye nemvakalelo yesidima nokuzithemba, kunye nokomelezwa kwentlonipho yamalungelo oluntu, inkululeko ezingundoqo kunye nokwahluka kwabantu;

(b) Ukuphuhliswa kobuntu babantu abakhubazekileyo, iitalente zabo kunye nobuchule bokuyila, kunye namandla abo engqondo nawomzimba, kangangoko banako;

c) Ukuthatha inxaxheba ngempumelelo kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kuluntu olukhululekileyo.

2. Ngeenjongo zokusebenzisa eli lungelo, aMazwe aMele aqinisekise ukuba:

a) Abantu abakhubazekileyo abakhutshelwa ngaphandle, ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwabo, kwinkqubo yemfundo ngokubanzi kwaye abantwana abakhubazekileyo ababekelwa ecaleni, ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwabo, kwimfundo yamabanga aphantsi yasimahla nesisinyanzelo okanye kwimfundo yesibini;

(b) Abantu abakhubazekileyo banakho, ngokulinganayo nabanye, ukuba babe nokufikelela, kwiindawo abahlala kuzo, imfundo esemgangathweni esemgangathweni kunye nesimahla kunye nemfundo yesibini;

c) Iindawo zokuhlala ezisengqiqweni zenziwa ngokweemfuno zomntu ngamnye;

(d) Inzuzo yabantu abakhubazekileyo, kwinkqubo yemfundo ngokubanzi, kwinkxaso eyimfuneko ukulungiselela imfundo efanelekileyo;

e) Amanyathelo enkxaso ayenziwayo ayenziwa kwiindawo ezinokwandisa inkqubela phambili kwezemfundo kunye noluntu, ngokuhambelana nenjongo yokudityaniswa okupheleleyo.

3. Amazwe aseMelika aya kunika abantu abakhubazekileyo ithuba lokufumana izakhono eziyimfuneko nezentlalo ukulungiselela ukuqhuba ngokuthatha kwabo inxaxheba ngokupheleleyo nangokulinganayo kwinkqubo yemfundo nakubomi boluntu. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amaZwe aseMelika aya kuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo, kubandakanya:

a) Ukuququzelela ukufundwa kweBraille, ukubhala okulungisiweyo kunye neendlela eziphuculweyo nezinye iindlela, iindlela neendlela zonxibelelwano, uphuhliso lwezakhono zokukhokela kunye nokuhamba, kunye nenkxaso yoontanga kunye neengcebiso;

b) Ukuququzelela ukufundwa kolwimi lokuthetha ngezandla nokwazisa ngobume beelwimi zabantu abazizithulu;

c) Qinisekisa ukuba abantu abaziimfama, abazizithulu, abazimfama - ngakumbi abantwana - bafumana imfundo ngolwimi nangeendlela neendlela zonxibelelwano ezilungele umntu ngamnye, iimeko ezenza ukuba inkqubela phambili kwezemfundo kunye nentlalontle.

4. Ukwenzela ukuququzelela ukusetyenziswa kweli lungelo, amaZwe aseMelika aya kuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuqesha ootitshala, kubandakanywa nootitshala abakhubazekileyo, abakulungeleyo ukusebenzisa intetho yezandla okanye iBraille nokuqeqesha amagosa ezemfundo nabasebenzi onke amanqanaba. Olu qeqesho lubandakanya ukwaziswa kwabakhubazekileyo kunye nokusetyenziswa kweendlela eziphuculweyo nezinye iindlela, iindlela neendlela zonxibelelwano kunye neendlela zokufundisa kunye nezixhobo ezilungiselelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo.

AmaZwe amaZwe aya kuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bayafikelela, ngaphandle kocalulo nangokulingana nabanye, kwimfundo ephakamileyo jikelele, kuqeqesho lobugcisa, kwimfundo yabadala kunye ukwakheka kuyaqhubeka. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, baya kuqinisekisa ukuba indawo yokuhlala efanelekileyo yenziwa ukulungiselela abantu abakhubazekileyo.

Isiqendu 25

zempilo
0
(Izimvo)x

Amaqela aseMelika ayayiqonda into yokuba abantu abakhubazekileyo banelungelo lokonwabela eyona migangatho iphezulu ifumanekayo yezempilo ngaphandle kocalulo ngokwesiseko sokukhubazeka. Bathatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo ukuqinisekisa ukufikelela kwabo kwiinkonzo zempilo ezichaphazela isini, kubandakanya neenkonzo zokubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo. Ngokukodwa, States Parties:

(a) Bonelela ngeenkonzo zasimahla okanye ezifikelelekayo kubantu abakhubazekileyo abagubungela uluhlu olufanayo kunye nomgangatho ofanayo nalowo ufumanekayo kwabanye abantu, kubandakanya iinkonzo zempilo yezesondo kunye nokuzala kunye neenkqubo zempilo zoluntu;

b) Ukubonelela abantu abakhubazekileyo ngeenkonzo zempilo abazifunayo ngokukodwa ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwabo, kubandakanya nokufunyanwa kwangoko kwaye, apho kufanelekileyo, ungenelelo lwakwangoko, kunye neenkonzo zokunciphisa kangangoko kunokwenzeka okanye ukuthintela ukukhubazeka okutsha, ngakumbi ebantwaneni nakubantu abadala;

(c) Ukubonelela ngezi nkonzo kubantu abakhubazekileyo kufutshane kangangoko kuluntu lwabo, kubandakanywa nakwiindawo ezisemaphandleni;

(d) Ukufuna iingcali zezempilo ukuba zibonelele abantu abakhubazekileyo ngomgangatho ofanayo wokhathalelo njengaleyo inikwa abanye, kubandakanya nokufumana imvume yasimahla nenolwazi yabantu abakhubazekileyo abachaphazelekayo; Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amaZwe aseMelika enza imisebenzi yoqeqesho kwaye abhengeza imigaqo yokuziphatha kumacandelo ezempilo karhulumente nawabucala ukuze, phakathi kwezinye izinto, axhase abasebenzi ngamalungelo oluntu, isidima, ukuzimela kunye neemfuno zabantu abakhubazekileyo;

(e) Thintela ucalucalulo kwicandelo leinshurensi kubantu abakhubazekileyo, ekufuneka babenakho ukufumana i-inshurensi yezempilo ngendlela efanelekileyo nefanelekileyo, kwaye kumazwe apho kuvunyelwe ngumthetho wesizwe, i-inshurensi yobomi;

f) Thintela nakuphi na ukwala okunocalucalulo ukubonelela ngononophelo okanye iinkonzo zonyango okanye ukutya okanye utywala ngenxa yokukhubazeka.

Isiqendu 26

Ukuziqhelanisa nokulungiswa
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika aya kuthatha amanyathelo asebenzayo kwaye afanelekileyo, kubandakanya ukuncedisana phakathi koontanga, ukwenza ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bafumane kwaye bagcine ukuzimela okuphezulu kunye nokufezekisa amandla abo apheleleyo ngokomzimba, ngokwengqondo, ngokwentlalo nangobungcali. , kunye nokuphumeza ukufakwa ngokupheleleyo kunye nokuthatha inxaxheba kuzo zonke iinkalo zobomi. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amaZwe aseMelika aququzelela, omeleze kwaye avelise iinkonzo kunye neenkqubo zokubuyisela imeko esiqhelweni, ngakumbi kwimimandla yezempilo, ingqesho, imfundo kunye neenkonzo zentlalo, ngendlela enje. ukuba ezi nkonzo kunye neenkqubo:

a) Qala kwinqanaba lokuqala kwaye kusekwe kuvavanyo lweendlela ezahlukeneyo lweemfuno kunye namandla;

b) Lungiselela intatho-nxaxheba kunye nokudityaniswa eluntwini nakuzo zonke iinkalo zoluntu, zamkelwe ngokukhululekileyo kwaye ziyafumaneka kubantu abakhubazekileyo kufutshane kangangoko kuluntu lwabo, kubandakanywa nakwiindawo ezisemaphandleni.

2. Amazwe aseMelika ayakukhuthaza uphuhliso loqeqesho lokuqala nokuqhubekekayo lweengcali nabasebenzi abasebenza kulungelelwaniso kunye neenkonzo zokubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo.

3. Amazwe aseMelika ayakukhuthaza ukubakho, ulwazi nokusetyenziswa kwezixhobo ezincedisayo kunye neetekhnoloji, eyilelwe abantu abakhubazekileyo, ethi iququzelele ukuziqhelanisa nokubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo.

Isiqendu 27

Umsebenzi kunye nengqesho
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuvuma abantu abakhubazekileyo, ngokulinganayo nabanye, ilungelo lokusebenza, kubandakanywa nethuba lokufumana umvuzo ngokwenza umsebenzi okhethwe simahla okanye owamkelekileyo kwimarike yezabasebenzi nakwimo engqongileyo. indawo yokusebenza evulekileyo, ukukhuthaza ukubandakanywa kunye nokufikeleleka kubantu abakhubazekileyo. Baqinisekisa kwaye bakhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kwelungelo lokusebenza, kubandakanywa nabo bafumene ukukhubazeka ngexesha lomsebenzi, ngokuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo, kubandakanya amanyathelo owiso-mthetho, ngakumbi:

a) Thintela ucalucalulo ngenxa yezizathu zokukhubazeka kuyo yonke imicimbi enxulumene nengqesho ngazo zonke iindlela, kubandakanya iimeko zokugaya, ukuqesha nokuqesha, ukugcinwa kwengqesho, ukunyuselwa kunye ukhuseleko kunye neemeko zempilo emsebenzini;

b) Khusela ilungelo labantu abakhubazekileyo lokonwaba, ngokulinganayo nabanye, iimeko zomsebenzi ezifanelekileyo nezintle, kubandakanya amathuba alinganayo kunye nentlawulo elinganayo ngomsebenzi olinganayo, ukhuseleko kunye ucoceko emsebenzini, ukukhuselwa kwiinkqubo zokuphathwa gadalala kunye nezikhalazo;

(c) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo banokusebenzisa amalungelo abo oqeqesho kunye neemanyano zabasebenzi ngokulinganayo nabanye;

(d) Yenza abantu abakhubazekileyo bakwazi ukufikelela ngokukuko kwiinkqubo zobunkokeli nezobugcisa, iinkonzo zokubekwa emisebenzini kunye neenkonzo zoqeqesho eziqhubekayo ezinikezelwa kuluntu ngokubanzi;

e) Ukukhuthaza amathuba engqesho kunye nenkqubela phambili yabantu abakhubazekileyo kwimarike yezabasebenzi, kunye noncedo ekufumaneni nasekufumaneni ingqesho, ekugcineni ingqesho nokubuyela emsebenzini. ingqesho;

(f) Ukukhuthaza amathuba okuzenzela imisebenzi, oosomashishini, imibutho yookopolotyeni kunye nokuyilwa kwamashishini;

(g) Ukuqesha abantu abakhubazekileyo kwicandelo likarhulumente;

(h) Ukukhuthaza ukuqeshwa kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kwicandelo labucala ngokumilisela imigaqo-nkqubo kunye namanyathelo afanelekileyo, kubandakanya, apho kufanelekileyo, iinkqubo zokuqinisekisa abo banesiphene, izikhuthazi namanye amanyathelo;

(i) Qinisekisa ukuba kubonelelwa ngendawo efanelekileyo kwiindawo zokusebenzela zabantu abakhubazekileyo;

j) Ukukhuthaza ukufunyanwa ngabantu abakhubazekileyo abanamava kwimarike yomsebenzi;

k) Ukukhuthaza ukubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo nobugcisa, ukugcinwa kwemisebenzi kunye nokubuyela kwiinkqubo zomsebenzi zabantu abakhubazekileyo.

2. AmaZwe ngamaQela aya kuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo ababanjwa njengamakhoboka, nokuba bakhuselekile, ngokulinganayo nabanye, ekusebenzeni ngokunyanzelwa okanye ngokunyanzelwa.

Isiqendu 28

Umgangatho ofanelekileyo wokuphila kunye nokukhuselwa eluntwini
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika aliqonda amalungelo abantu abakhubazekileyo ukuba babe kumgangatho owoneleyo wokuphila kwabo nakwiintsapho zabo, kubandakanya ukutya okwaneleyo, impahla kunye nezindlu, kunye nokuphuculwa okuqhubekayo kweemeko zabo zokuhlala, kunye nokuthatha amanyathelo amanyathelo afanelekileyo okukhusela nokukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kweli lungelo ngaphandle kocalucalulo ngokwesiseko sokukhubazeka.

2. Amazwe aseMelika alamkela ilungelo labantu abakhubazekileyo ekukhuselweni eluntwini nasekuzonwabiseni kweli lungelo ngaphandle kocalulo ngenxa yokukhubazeka kwaye baya kuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo okukhusela nawokukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kweli lungelo, kubandakanya namanyathelo :

(a) Ukuqinisekisa ukufikelela ngokulinganayo kwiinkonzo zamanzi ezikhuselekileyo zabantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nokuqinisekisa ukufikelela kwabo kwiinkonzo ezifanelekileyo nezifikelelekayo, izixhobo kunye nezixhobo zoncedo kunye nezinye izincedisi ezihlangabezana neemfuno ezidalwe kukukhubazeka kwabo;

(b) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo, ngakumbi abasetyhini kunye namantombazana kunye nabantu abadala, banofikelelo kwiinkqubo zokukhusela uluntu kunye neenkqubo zokunciphisa intlupheko;

c) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye neentsapho zabo, xa behlala kwintlupheko, banokufikelela kuncedo loluntu ukuhlawula iindleko ezinxulumene nokukhubazeka, ngakumbi iindleko zokubonelela ngoqeqesho olwaneleyo kunye nenkxaso yengqondo. , uncedo lwezemali okanye ukukhathalelwa;

(d) Ukuqinisekisa ufikelelo kwiinkqubo zezindlu zoluntu kubantu abakhubazekileyo;

e) Ukuqinisekisa ukufikelela ngokulinganayo kwiinkqubo zomhlala-phantsi kunye nezibonelelo zabantu abakhubazekileyo.

Isiqendu 29

Ukuthatha inxaxheba kwezopolitiko nakubomi boluntu
0
(Izimvo)x

Amazwe aya kuqinisekisa kubantu abakhubazekileyo ukonwabela amalungelo ezopolitiko kunye nokubanakho ukuwasebenzisa ngokulinganayo nabanye, kwaye enze:

(a) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo banakho ukuthatha inxaxheba ngempumelelo nangokupheleleyo kubomi bezopolitiko noluntu ngokulinganayo nabanye, ngokuthe ngqo okanye ngabameli abakhethwe ngokukhululekileyo, ngakumbi banelungelo kwaye banakho ukuvota nokunyulwa, kwaye ngenxa yoko amaZwe aseMelika, phakathi kwamanye amanyathelo:

i) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba iinkqubo zonyulo, izixhobo zokusebenza nezinto ezifanelekileyo zifanelekile, ziyafikeleleka kwaye kulula ukuqondakala nokusetyenziswa

ii) Khusela ilungelo labantu abakhubazekileyo lokuvota ngokuvota ngokufihlakeleyo nangaphandle koyikiso kunyulo lukawonkewonke nakwiireferendamu, lokumela unyulo nokubamba iofisi ngokufanelekileyo nokubamba iofisi yoluntu kuwo onke amanqanaba xela, kwaye uququzelele ukusetyenziswa kweetekhnoloji zokuncedisa kunye neetekhnoloji ezintsha, apho kufanelekileyo;

(iii) Ukuqinisekisa inkululeko yokuthetha yomyolelo wabantu abakhubazekileyo njengabavoti kwaye ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ukuba kunyanzelekile, kwaye ngokwesicelo sabo, bavumele ukuba bancedwe ngumntu abamthandayo ukuba bavote;

(b) Ukukhuthaza ngokubonakalayo imeko-bume apho abantu abakhubazekileyo benokuthi bathathe inxaxheba ngokufanelekileyo nangokuzimeleyo ekuqhutyweni kwemicimbi yoluntu, ngaphandle kocalulo nangenxa yokulingana nabanye, nokukhuthaza ukuthatha kwabo inxaxheba kwimicimbi yoluntu, kubandakanya umkhethe:

(i) Ukuthatha kwabo inxaxheba kwimibutho engekho phantsi kukarhulumente kunye nemibutho enomdla kubomi nakwezopolitiko zelizwe, kunye nokuthatha inxaxheba kwimisebenzi nolawulo lwemibutho yezopolitiko;

ii) Ukusekwa kwemibutho yabantu abakhubazekileyo ukuba imelwe kumanqanaba ezizwe, elizwe, elengingqi nawengingqi kunye nobulungu kwimibutho enjalo.

Isiqendu 30

Ukuthatha inxaxheba kwinkcubeko nakwezolonwabo, ezolonwabo kunye nezemidlalo
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika alamkela ilungelo labantu abakhubazekileyo lokuthatha inxaxheba kubomi benkcubeko ngendlela elinganayo nabanye kwaye athathe onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo okuqinisekisa ukuba:

a) Ukufikelela kwiimveliso zenkcubeko kwiifomathi ezifikelelekayo;

(b) Babe nokufikelela kwiinkqubo zikamabonakude, kwiimuvi, kumdlalo weqonga nakweminye imisebenzi yenkcubeko ngeendlela ezifikelelekayo

c) Ukufikelela kwiindawo zemisebenzi yenkcubeko efana neethiyetha, iimyuziyam, iimuvi, amathala eencwadi kunye neenkonzo zabakhenkethi, kwaye, kangangoko kunokwenzeka, kwizikhumbuzo nakwiindawo ezibalulekileyo kwinkcubeko yesizwe.

2. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo ukuxhobisa abantu abakhubazekileyo ukuba baphuhlise kwaye baqonde amandla abo obugcisa, ezobugcisa kunye nezobukrelekrele, hayi kungekuko nje kungenxa yengenelo yabo, kodwa kwanokutyebisa uluntu.

3. Amazwe aseMelika azakuthatha onke amanyathelo afanelekileyo, ngokuhambelana nomthetho wamazwe aphesheya, ukuqinisekisa ukuba imithetho ekhusela amalungelo obunini kushicilelo nokuthengiswa komsebenzi wabantu ayenzi sithintelo esingenangqiqo okanye esikhethekileyo ekufikeleleni kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kwiimveliso zenkcubeko.

4. Abantu abakhubazekileyo banelungelo, ngokulinganayo nabanye, lokwamkelwa kunye nenkxaso yezazisi zabo zenkcubeko nezolwimi, kubandakanya ulwimi lwezandla kunye nenkcubeko yezithulu.

5. Ukwenza ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bathathe inxaxheba, ngokulinganayo nabanye, kwezolonwabo, nakwezemidlalo, amaQela amaZwe aya kuthatha amanyathelo afanelekileyo:

(a) Khuthaza kwaye ukhuthaze ukuthatha inxaxheba, kangangoko kunokwenzeka kwabantu abakhubazekileyo kwimidlalo yesiqhelo yemidlalo kuwo onke amanqanaba;

(b) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo banethuba lokuququzelela, lokuphuhlisa kunye nokuthatha inxaxheba kwimidlalo nolonwabo, kwaye, ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ukukhuthaza ukwenziwa kufumaneke kubo, ngesiseko isiseko sokulingana nabanye, iindlela zoqeqesho, uqeqesho kunye nezixhobo ezifanelekileyo;

(c) Qinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bayafikelela kwiindawo apho imidlalo, ulonwabo kunye nezokhenketho zenzeka khona;

(d) Qinisekisa ukuba abantwana abakhubazekileyo banakho ukuthatha inxaxheba, ngokulinganayo nabanye abantwana, ekudlaleni, ekuzonwabiseni, ekuzonwabiseni nakwezemidlalo, kubandakanywa nenkqubo yesikolo;

(e) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu abakhubazekileyo bayafikelela kwiinkonzo zabantu kunye namaqumrhu anoxanduva lokuququzelela ulonwabo, ukhenketho nolonwabo kunye nemidlalo.

Isiqendu 31

Iinkcukacha-manani kunye nokuqokelelwa kwedatha
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayazibophelela ekuqokeleleni ulwazi olufanelekileyo, kubandakanya iinkcukacha-manani kunye neziphumo zophando, eziya kuthi zibenze bakwazi ukuqulunqa nokuphumeza imigaqo-nkqubo ejolise ekuphumezeni le Ngqungquthela. Inkqubo yokuqokelela nokugcina le ngcombolo ngembeko:

a) Iziqinisekiso ezisemthethweni, kubandakanya nezo zivela kumthetho wokhuselo lwedatha, ukuqinisekisa ukugcinwa kwemfihlo nokuhlonitshwa kwemfihlo yabantu abakhubazekileyo;

b) Imigangatho eyamkelweyo kwilizwe jikelele yokukhuselwa kwamalungelo oluntu kunye nenkululeko engundoqo kunye neenqobo ezisesikweni ezilawula ukuqokelelwa nokusetyenziswa kweenkcukacha-manani.

2. Iinkcukacha eziqokelelweyo ngokungqinelana neli nqaku ziya kwahlulwa, ngokufanelekileyo, kwaye zisetyenziselwe ukuvavanya indlela amazwe amaZwe azalisekisa ngayo uxanduva lwawo phantsi kwale Ngqungquthela kunye nokuchonga nokususa imiqobo ekuhlangatyezwane nayo. abantu abakhubazekileyo ekusebenziseni amalungelo abo.

3. Amaqela aseMelika anoxanduva lokusasaza ezi nkcukacha-manani nokuqinisekisa ukuba ziyafikeleleka kubantu abakhubazekileyo nakwabanye abantu.

Isiqendu 32

Intsebenziswano yamanye amazwe
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayakuqonda ukubaluleka kwentsebenziswano yamazwe ngamazwe kunye nokwazisa kwawo, ukuxhasa iinzame zesizwe zokufikelela kwinjongo kunye neenjongo zale Ngqungquthela, kwaye bathabathe amanyathelo afanelekileyo nanempumelelo. kule meko, phakathi kwabo, apho kufanelekileyo, ngentsebenziswano nemibutho enobuchule yamanye amazwe neyommandla kunye noluntu, ngakumbi imibutho yabantu abakhubazekileyo. Ngokukodwa, banokuthatha amanyathelo acetyelwe:

(a) Ukuqinisekisa ukuba intsebenziswano yamazwe-kuqukwa neenkqubo zophuhliso lwamazwe-zithathela ingqalelo kwaye ziyafikeleleka kubantu abakhubazekileyo;

(b) Ukuququzelela nokuxhasa ukuxhotyiswa ngezakhono, kubandakanya nokutshintshiselana nokwabelana ngolwazi, amava, iinkqubo zoqeqesho kunye neendlela ezilungileyo zokusebenza;

(c) ukuququzelela intsebenziswano ngeenjongo zophando kunye nokufikelela kulwazi lwenzululwazi nobugcisa;

(d) Bonelela ngoncedo lobuchwephesha kunye noqoqosho, ngokufanelekileyo, kubandakanya nokwenza lula ukufunyanwa kunye nokwabelana ngokufikelela kunye neetekhnoloji zokunceda kunye nokwenza uhambiso lobuchwephesha.

2. Amagatya eli nqaku akanakucutha kuxanduva lweqela ngalinye likarhulumente ukufezekisa uxanduva lwalo phantsi kwale Ngqungquthela.

Isiqendu 33

Isicelo nokubeka iliso kuZwelonke
0
(Izimvo)x

1. AmaQela amaZwe aya kuyinyula, ngokungqinelana nenkqubo yawo yoburhulumente, indawo enye okanye ezingaphezulu zonxibelelwano kwimicimbi ephathelene nokusetyenziswa kwale Ngqungquthela kwaye aya kuthi ngokufanelekileyo aqwalasele ukuyila okanye ukutyumba, kulawulo lwawo, indlela yokulungelelanisa. linoxanduva lokuququzelela iintshukumo ezinxulumene nesi sicelo kumacandelo ngamanqanaba ngamanqanaba ngamanqanaba.

2. Amazwe aseMelika, ngokungqinelana neenkqubo zawo zolawulo nezomthetho, agcina, omeleza, achonge okanye aseke, kwinqanaba langaphakathi, indlela, kubandakanya enye okanye iindlela ezizimeleyo, ezifanelekileyo, zonyuselo, ukhuseleko kunye ukubeka esweni ukusetyenziswa kwale Ngqungquthela. Ekuyileni okanye ekudaleni umatshini onjalo, bathathela ingqalelo imigaqo-nkqubo esebenzayo kubume nokusebenza kwamaziko esizwe ukukhusela nokunyusa amalungelo abantu.

3. Uluntu ekuhlaleni - ngakumbi abantu abakhubazekileyo kunye nemibutho ebameleyo - bayabandakanyeka kwaye bathathe inxaxheba ngokupheleleyo kulo msebenzi wokubeka esweni.

Isiqendu 34

IKomiti yamaLungelo aBantu abaKhubazekileyo
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Ngokwenjenje kusekwe iKomiti yamaLungelo aBantu abaKhubazekileyo (ekuya kuthiwa apha kuthiwe “yiKomiti”) eya kwenza le misebenzi ichazwe ngezantsi.

2. IKomiti iya kuba neengcali ezilishumi elinambini ngexesha lokuqalisa kokusebenza kwale Ngqungquthela. Emva kwamashumi amathandathu okongezwa kunye nokungena kwiNgqungquthela, amalungu amathandathu ayakongezwa kwiKomiti, eya kuthi ke ifikelele kumalungu ayo alishumi elinesibhozo.

3. Amalungu eKomiti asebenza ngokwamandla abo kwaye banobuntu obugunyazisiweyo bokuziphatha abanokubonakalisa ubuchule kunye namava kwicandelo apho le Ngqungquthela isebenza khona. Amazwe aseMelika ayamenywa, ekutyumbeni abagqatswa bawo, ukuba bathabathe ingqalelo yokubonelelwa ngenqaku lesi-3, umhlathi wesi-4, wale Ngqungquthela.

4. Amalungu eKomiti aya kunyulwa ngamaZwe aseMelika, kuthathelwa ingqalelo imigaqo-siseko yokwabiwa ngokulinganayo kwejografi, ukumelwa kweendlela ezahlukeneyo zempucuko kunye neenkqubo eziphambili zomthetho, ukumelwa ngokulinganayo kwezesini kunye nokuthatha inxaxheba kweengcali ezikhubazekileyo.

5. Amalungu eKomiti aya kunyulwa ngokuvota okuyimfihlo kuluhlu lwabagqatswa abonyulwe ngamaZwe aseMelika phakathi kwabemi bawo, kwiintlanganiso zeNkomfa yamaQela aMazwe. Kwezi ntlanganiso, apho ikhoram isisibini esithathwini samaQela aseMelika, abagqatswa abafumana elona nani likhulu leevoti kunye nesona sigqibo sikhulu sabameli bamaZwe aseMelika akhoyo kunye nokuvota bayonyulwa njengamalungu eKomiti.

6. Unyulo lokuqala luya kwenzeka zingaphelanga iinyanga ezintandathu zokuqalisa kokusebenza kwale Ngqungquthela. Ubuncinci iinyanga ezine phambi komhla wonyulo ngalunye, uNobhala Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo uya kubiza amaQela eMelika ngokubhaliweyo ukuba atyumbe abagqatswa babo kwiinyanga ezimbini. Unobhala Jikelele uya kuthi emva koko enze uluhlu lwee-alfabhethi zabagqatswa abonyuliweyo, abonise aMazwe aBanyulileyo abatyumbileyo, kwaye bawathumele kumaZwe aseMelika kule Ngqungquthela.

7. Amalungu eKomiti onyulwa iminyaka emine. Banelungelo lokunyulwa kwakhona kube kanye. Nangona kunjalo, ixesha lamalungu amathandathu anyulwe kunyulo lokuqala liphela emva kweminyaka emibini; kanye emva konyulo lokuqala, amagama ala malungu mathandathu aya kuthathwa nguSihlalo wentlanganiso ekubhekiswe kuyo kumhlathi 5 weli nqaku.

8. Unyulo lwamalungu amathandathu ongezelelweyo eKomiti luya kwenziwa ngonyulo oluqhelekileyo, ngokungqinelana nemigaqo yeli nqaku.

9. Kwimeko apho kusweleke okanye kurhoxe ilungu leKomiti, okanye ukuba, ngenxa yaso nasiphi na isizathu, ilungu livakalisa ukuba alinakho ukwenza imisebenzi yalo, iState Party ebesingenise umgqatswa wayo iya kutyumba enye ingcali ngeziqinisekiso. nokuhlangabezana nemiqathango ebekwe kwimimiselo efanelekileyo yeli nqaku ukugcwalisa isithuba esingenamntu de kuphele igunya elihambelanayo.

10. IKomiti yamkela imigaqo yayo yenkqubo.

11. USosiba-Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo uya kubeka kwiKomiti abasebenzi kunye nezixhobo eziyimfuneko ukuze ikwazi ukwenza imisebenzi eyinikiweyo phantsi kwale Ngqungquthela kwaye iya kubiza intlanganiso yayo yokuqala. .

12. Amalungu eKomiti aya kuthi, ngemvume yeNdibano yeZizwe eziManyeneyo, athabathe izibonelelo ezivela kwimithombo yeZizwe eziManyeneyo phantsi kweemeko ezimiselwe yiNdibano yeZizwe eziManyeneyo, kuthathelwa ingqalelo ukubaluleka kwazo imisebenzi yeKomiti.

13. Amalungu eKomiti aya kunandipha izibonelelo, amalungelo kunye nokukhuseleka okunikezelwa kwiingcali kwimishini yeZizwe eziManyeneyo, njengoko kubonelelwe kumacandelo afanelekileyo eNgqungquthela yamaLungelo kunye noKhuseleko lweZizwe eziManyeneyo.

Isiqendu 35

Iingxelo ezivela kumaQela eMelika
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Iqela ngalinye likarhulumente liza kungenisa kwiKomiti, ngoNobhala Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo, ingxelo eneenkcukacha ngamanyathelo ayithathileyo ukuthobela uxanduva lwawo phantsi kwale Ngqungquthela inkqubela phambili eyenziweyo malunga noku, kwisithuba seminyaka emibini yokuqalisa kokusebenza kwale Ngqungquthela yeQela likaRhulumente elichaphazelekayo.

2. Amazwe aseMelika emva koko angenisa iingxelo ezongezelelweyo ubuncinci qho emva kweminyaka emine, kunye nazo naziphi na ezinye iingxelo ezicelwe yiKomiti.

3. IKomiti iya kwamkela izikhokelo ngokuqulethwe ziingxelo, ngokufanelekileyo.

4. Amazwe aseMelika angenise ingxelo yokuqala eneenkcukacha kwiKomiti akufuneki aphindaphinde ulwazi esele lunikezelwe kwiingxelo ezilandelayo. Amazwe aseMelika ayamenywa ukuba alungiselele iingxelo zawo ngendlela evulelekileyo nesekuhleni kwaye ethathela ingqalelo ulungiselelo oluchazwe kwinqaku lesi-3, umhlathi wesi-4, wale Ngqungquthela.

5. Iingxelo zingabonisa imiba kunye nobunzima obuchaphazela ukufezekiswa kweembophelelo phantsi kwale Ngqungquthela.

Isiqendu 36

Ukuphononongwa kweengxelo
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Ingxelo nganye iya kuvavanywa yiKomiti, eya kuthi yenze naziphi na iingcebiso kunye neengcebiso malunga nengxelo eyibona ifanelekile kwaye iyithumele kwi-State Party echaphazelekayo. Lo Mbutho kaRhulumente unokunxibelelana neKomiti ngalo naluphi na ulwazi olubona luluncedo ekuphenduleni. IKomiti ingacela kumaQela aseMerika nayiphi na ingcaciso eyongezelelweyo malunga nokusetyenziswa kwale Ngqungquthela.

2. Kwimeko yokulibaziseka okukhulu kwe-State Party ekungeniseni ingxelo, iKomiti ingayazisa ukuba iyakuncitshiswa ekuphononongeni ukusetyenziswa kwale Ngqungquthela kwelo Qela likaRhulumente ngokusekwe kulwazi oluthembekileyo inokulahla, ngaphandle kokuba ingxelo elindelekileyo ithiwe thaca kuyo kungaphelanga iinyanga ezintathu zokwaziswa. IKomiti iyakumema i-State Party enomdla ukuba ithathe inxaxheba kolu hlaziyo. Ukuba i-State Party iyaphendula ngokungenisa ingxelo yayo, izibonelelo zomhlathi woku-1 wenqaku ziya kusebenza.

3. USosiba Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo uya kuzithumela zonke iiNgxelo zeMibutho yaMazwe.

4. Amazwe aseMelika ayakwenza ukuba iingxelo zawo zifumaneke ngokubanzi kuluntu kumazwe abo kwaye baququzelele ukufikelela koluntu kwiingcebiso ngokubanzi kunye neengcebiso abathe bazinyusa.

5. IKomiti iya kugqithisela kwii-arhente ezikhethekileyo, iimali kunye neenkqubo zoMbutho weZizwe eziManyeneyo nakwamanye amaziko anobuchule, ukuba ikubona kufanelekile, iingxelo zaMazwe aqulathe isicelo okanye ezibonisa ukuba kufuneka ingcebiso kwezobuchwephesha okanye uncedo, zikhatshwa, apho kufanelekileyo, ukuqaphela kunye neengcebiso ngokubhekisele kwisicelo esichaziweyo okanye kwisalathiso, ukuze siphendulwe.

Isiqendu 37

Intsebenziswano phakathi kwamaQela aseMelika kunye neKomiti
0
(Izimvo)x

1. Amazwe aseMelika ayakusebenzisana neKomiti kwaye ancede amalungu ayo ekufezekiseni igunya lawo.

2. Ekusebenzeni kwayo namaQela aMazwe, iKomiti iya kunika ingqwalaselo efanelekileyo kwiindlela zokomeleza amandla esizwe okuphumeza le Ngqungquthela, kuquka nentsebenziswano namazwe.

Isiqendu 38

Ubudlelwane beKomiti namanye amaqumrhu namaqumrhu

Ukukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo kwale Ngqungquthela kunye nokukhuthaza intsebenziswano yamazwe onke kwicandelo elihambelana nalo:

(a) Ii-arhente ezikhethekileyo kunye namanye amaqumrhu eZizwe eziManyeneyo anelungelo lokumelwa kuphononongo lokufezekiswa kwamalungiselelo ale Ngqungquthela aphantsi kwegunya lawo. IKomiti ingamema ii-arhente ezikhethekileyo kunye nayo nayiphi na eminye imibutho eyibona ifanelekile ukuba inike iingcebiso ezizodwa malunga nokusetyenziswa kwesiVumelwano kwimihlaba ephantsi kwegunya labo. Inokumema iiarhente ezikhethekileyo kunye namanye amaqumrhu eZizwe eziManyeneyo ukuba angenise iingxelo ngokusetyenziswa kweNgqungquthela kumacandelo awela kwicandelo lawo lomsebenzi;

(b) Ekwenziweni kwesigunyaziso sayo, iKomiti iya kudibana, njengoko ibona kufanelekile, amanye amaqumrhu afanelekileyo amiselwe zizivumelwano zamalungelo oluntu kwilizwe liphela ngenjongo yokuqinisekisa ukuhambelana kwezikhokelo zabo kwimiba yamalungelo oluntu. Ukulungiswa kweengxelo, iingcebiso zazo ezahlukeneyo kunye neengcebiso ngokubanzi kunye nokuthintela ukuphinda-phinda kunye nokwenza umsebenzi wabo ngendlela efanayo.

Isiqendu 39

Ingxelo yeKomiti

IKomiti inika ingxelo ngemisebenzi yayo kwiNdibano yeZizwe eziManyeneyo nakwiBhunga lezoQoqosho nezeNtlalo qho emva kweminyaka emibini kwaye inokwenza iingcebiso ngokubanzi kunye neengcebiso ngokusekwe kuphononongo lweengxelo nolwazi olufunyenwe ngamaQela aseMelika. Ezi ngcebiso ngokubanzi kunye neengcebiso zibandakanyiwe kwingxelo yeKomiti, kunye, apho kufanelekileyo, izimvo ezivela kumaQela aseMelika.

Isiqendu 40

INkomfa yamazwe aseMelika

1. Amazwe aseMelika azakuhlangana rhoqo njengeNkomfa yaMazwe aMele ukujongana nawo nawuphi na umcimbi ophathelene nokuphunyezwa kwale Nkomfa.

2. Kungagqithanga nje iinyanga ezintandathu iqale ukusebenza le Ngqungquthela, iNkomfa yaMazwe aMelekileyo iyakubizwa nguNobhala Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo. Iintlanganiso zalo ezilandelayo ziya kubizwa nguNobhala-Jikelele rhoqo kwiminyaka emibini okanye ngesigqibo seNkomfa yamaQela amaZwe.

Ukugcina

UNobhala-Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo ungumgcini wale Ngqungquthela.

Isiqendu 42

utyikityo

Le Ngqungquthela ivulelwe ukutyikitywa ngawo onke amazwe kunye nemibutho yokudityaniswa kwengingqi kwiKomkhulu leZizwe eziManyeneyo eNew York ukusukela nge-Matshi 30, 2007.

Isiqendu 43

Imvume ibotshiwe

Le Ngqungquthela ixhomekeke ekuqinisekisweni ngamaZwe kunye nokuqinisekiswa ngokusesikweni yimibutho yokudityaniswa kwengingqi ethe yayisayina. Iya kuvuleleka ukuba ungene kulo naliphi na ilizwe okanye umbutho wokudibanisa ongawutyikityanga.

Isiqendu 44

Imibutho yokudibanisa ingingqi

1. “Umbutho wokudityaniswa kwengingqi” uthetha nawuphi na umbutho owenziwe ngooRhulumente abazimeleyo bengingqi ethile, apho amazwe angamalungu adlulisele ubuchule kwimimandla elawulwa sesi siVumelwano. Kwizixhobo zabo zokuqinisekisa ngokusesikweni okanye ukungena, le mibutho iya kubonisa ubungakanani bokufaneleka kwabo kumacandelo alawulwa yile Ngqungquthela. Emva koko, baxela ugcino lwalo naluphi na utshintsho olubonakalayo kubuchule babo.

2. Kule Ngqungquthela, izingqinisiso "zamaQela amaZwe" zisebenza kwimibutho enjalo ngaphakathi komda wobuchule bayo.

3. Ngeenjongo zomhlathi woku-1 wenqaku lama-45 kunye nomhlathi wesi-2 nowesi-3 wenqaku lama-47 lale Ngqungquthela, izixhobo ezifakwe yimibutho yokudibanisa ingingqi aziyi kubalwa.

4. Imibutho emanyanisiweyo yommandla iya kuthi, ukuze isebenzise ilungelo layo lokuvota kwiNkomfa yaMazwe aMeleneyo kwimiba ewela phantsi kobuchule bayo, inani leevoti elilingana nenani lamazwe angamaQela angamaLungu kule Ngqungquthela. Abalisebenzisi ilungelo labo lokuvota ukuba amaLungu amaLungu aseMelika asebenzisa awabo, kwaye kungenjalo.

Isiqendu 45

Ukuza ngamandla

      1. Le Ngqungquthela iya kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu emva kokufakwa kwesixhobo samashumi amabini sokumiselwa okanye ukungena.
      2. Kwilizwe ngalinye okanye umbutho ngamnye wokudityaniswa kwemimandla oqinisekisa okanye oqinisekisa ngokusemthethweni le Ngqungquthela okanye avumelane nayo emva kokufakwa kwesixhobo samashumi amabini sokumiselwa okanye ukungena, iNgqungquthela iya kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu emva kokudiphozitha kwelo Rhulumente. okanye lo mbutho wesixhobo sokuqinisekisa, ukungena okanye isiqinisekiso esisemthethweni.

Isiqendu 46

Oovimba

  1. Le Ngqungquthela iya kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu emva kokufakwa kwesixhobo samashumi amabini sokumiselwa okanye ukungena.
  2. Kwilizwe ngalinye okanye umbutho ngamnye wokudityaniswa kwemimandla oqinisekisa okanye oqinisekisa ngokusemthethweni le Ngqungquthela okanye avumelane nayo emva kokufakwa kwesixhobo samashumi amabini sokumiselwa okanye ukungena, iNgqungquthela iya kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu emva kokudiphozitha kwelo Rhulumente. okanye lo mbutho wesixhobo sokuqinisekisa, ukungena okanye isiqinisekiso esisemthethweni.

Isiqendu 47

Izilungiso

1. Nawuphina uMbutho kaRhulumente ungacebisa ngokwenziwa kwezilungiso kule Ngqungquthela aze ayingenise kuNobhala-Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo. UNobhala-Jikelele uya kunxibelelana nezindululo zezilungiso kumaQela aseMelika, ebacela ukuba bamazise ukuba bayathanda na ukubiza inkomfa yamaQela amaZwe ukuba aqwalasele ezi zindululo kwaye athathe isigqibo ngazo. Ukuba, kungaphelanga iinyanga ezine ukusukela kumhla wonxibelelwano olunjalo, ubuncinci isinye kwisithathu se-States Parties sithanda ukubizwa kwenkomfa enjalo, uNobhala-Jikelele uya kuyibiza le nkomfa phantsi kolawulo lweZizwe eziManyeneyo. . Nasiphi na isilungiso esamkelwe sisibini esithathwini sesininzi samazwe aseMelika akhoyo kunye nokuvota siya kungeniswa ukuze samkelwe kwiNdibano yeZizwe eziManyeneyo, emva koko yamkelwe ngawo onke amaQela aseMelika.

2. Nasiphi na isilungiso esamkelweyo saza samkelwa ngokomhlathi woku-1 wenqaku siya kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu emva komhla
apho inani lezixhobo zolwamkelo ezifakiweyo lifikelela kwisibini kwisithathu senani lamaqela aseMelika ngomhla wokwamkelwa kwalo. Emva koko
Isilungiso siqala ukusebenza kwiQela ngalinye likarhulumente ngomhla wamashumi amathathu kulandele idiphozithi yeloo lizwe ngesixhobo sayo sokwamkelwa.
Isilungiso siyabophelela kulawo maQela aseMelika athe awamkela.

3. Ukuba ngaba iNkomfa yaMazwe aMele ithathe isigqibo ngokuvumelana, isilungiso esamkelweyo saza samkelwa ngokungqinelana nomhlathi woku-1 weli nqaku nesinxulumene ngokukodwa namanqaku 34, 38, 39 no-40 aya kuthi aqalise ukusebenza kuwo onke Amazwe Aphakathi ngomhla wamashumi amathathu. ukulandela umhla apho inani lezixhobo zokwamkelwa ezifakiweyo zifikelela kwisibini kwisithathu senani lamaqela aseMelika ngomhla wokwamkelwa kwalo.

Isiqendu 48

Ukugxekwa

Nawuphina uMbutho kaRhulumente angayichasa le Ngqungquthela ngesaziso esibhaliweyo esiya kuNobhala Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo. Ukugxekwa kuqala ukusebenza kunyaka omnye emva komhla uNobhala-Jikelele afumana ngawo isaziso.

Isiqendu 49

Ifomathi iyafikeleleka

Isicatshulwa sale Ngqungquthela siya kusasazwa ngendlela efikelelekayo.

Isiqendu 50

Imibhalo eyiyo

Imibhalo yesi-Arabhu, isiTshayina, isiNgesi, isiFrentshi, isiRashiya kunye neSpanish kule Ngqungquthela iyinyani ngokulinganayo. EBUNGQINA XA AMAZIKO ASETYENZISWE NGAPHANTSI KWENKQUBO, agunyaziswe ngokufanelekileyo ngoorhulumente bawo, bayisayinile le Ngqungquthela.


IProtocol enganyanzelekanga kwiNgqungquthela yamaLungelo aBantu abaKhubazekileyo

Amaqela aseMelika kule Protocol avumile ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

Inqaku lokuqala

1. Iqela ngalinye likarhulumente kule Protocol ("State Party") liyaqonda ukuba iKomiti yamaLungelo aBantu abaKhubazekileyo ("iKomiti") inegunya lokufumana nokuthathela ingqalelo unxibelelwano olungeniswe ngabantu okanye amaqela abantu okanye egameni labantu. okanye amaqela abantu abaphantsi kolawulo lwayo abathi bangamaxhoba okophulwa nguloo Mbutho kaRhulumente kwezibonelelo zeNgqungquthela.

2. IKomiti ayisayi kufumana naluphi na unxibelelwano ngokubhekisele kwiQela likaRhulumente kwiNgqungquthela engeyonxalenye yalo Mgaqo.

Isiqendu 2

IKomiti ibhengeza ukuba alwamkelekanga naluphi na unxibelelwano:

a) Ngubani ongaziwayo;

(b) Oku kuthetha ukusetyenziswa gwenxa kwelungelo lokungenisa olo nxibelelwano okanye okungahambelaniyo nemigaqo yeNgqungquthela;

(c) ngokunxulumene nomcimbi ebesele uwuqwalasele okanye osele uvavanyiwe okanye ophantsi koviwo phambi kwelinye iqumrhu lophando okanye lokuxoxwa kwetyala;

(d) Apho onke amancedo asekhaya angagqitywanga, ngaphandle kokuba inkqubo yesibheno igqithe ixesha elibekiweyo okanye akunakwenzeka ukuba ummangali afumane ulungiso ngezo ndlela;

e) Ezingasekelwanga kakuhle okanye ezingakhuthazwanga ngokwaneleyo; okanye

(f) Inxulumene neenkcukacha ngaphambi komhla wokuqalisa kokusebenza kwale Protocol ngokubhekisele kwiQela likaRhulumente elibandakanyekayo, ngaphandle kokuba ezi nyani ziyaqhubeka emva kwaloo mhla.

Isiqendu 3

Ngokuxhomekeke kwimimiselo yesiqendu 2 sale Protocol, iKomiti iya kuthi izise naluphi na unxibelelwano olujoliswe kuyo ngokuzithemba kwiQela likaRhulumente elichaphazelekayo. Umbutho kaRhulumente ochaphazelekayo uya kungenisa iKomiti ngokubhaliweyo, zingaphelanga iinyanga ezintandathu, iinkcazo okanye iingcaciso ezicacisa umba kwaye zibonisa amanyathelo anokuwathatha ukulungisa le meko.

Isiqendu 4

1. Emva kokufumana unxibelelwano naphambi kokuthatha isigqibo malunga nokufaneleka, iKomiti ngalo naliphi na ixesha ingangenisa kwingqwalaselo engxamisekileyo ye-State Party echaphazelekayo ngesicelo sokuba ithathe amanyathelo ayimfuneko okwethutyana Ukuthintela umonakalo ongenakulungiswa ekubangeleni amaxhoba olwaphulo-mthetho.

2. IKomiti ayisayi kugweba isigqibo sayo malunga nokwamkeleka okanye ukufaneleka konxibelelwano ngento nje yokuba isebenzisa ukhetho olunikwe ngumqolo woku-1 weli nqaku.

Isiqendu 5

IKomiti iya kuqwalasela kunxibelelwano lwekhamera olujoliswe kulo phantsi kwale Protocol. Emva kokuqwalaselwa konxibelelwano, iKomiti ihambisa naziphi na iingcebiso kunye nezindululo kuMbutho kaRhulumente ochaphazelekayo nakumfaki-sikhalazo.

Isiqendu 6

1. Ukuba iKomiti iye yaziswa, ngolwazi oluthembekileyo, ukuba uMbutho kaRhulumente uwaphule ngokunyanisekileyo okanye ngendlela echanekileyo amalungelo achazwe kwiNgqungquthela, umema uMbuso ukuba axoxe nawo ngolwazi olwazisiweyo kwaye anike neziphumo zalo. ukuqaphela malunga nabo.

2. IKomiti, ngokwalo naluphi na uluvo olwenziwe nguRhulumente wePhondo ochaphazelekayo, kunye nolunye ulwazi oluthembekileyo analo, inokuyalela elinye okanye amalungu ayo ukuba enze uphando kwaye anike ingxelo kuwo ngaphandle kokulibazisa. yeziphumo zayo. Olu phando lunokuthi, xa kufanelekile nangesivumelwano seQela likaRhulumente, lubandakanye utyelelo kummandla welo Rhulumente.

3. Emva kokuqwalaselwa kweziphumo zophando, iKomiti iya kuzidlulisela kuMbutho kaRhulumente ochaphazelekayo, ikhatshwe, apho kufanelekileyo, ngoqwalaselo neengcebiso.

4. Emva kokwaziswa ngeziphumo zophando kunye nokuqwalaselweyo kunye neengcebiso zeKomiti, iState Party iya kuthi ingenise izimvo zayo kwiKomiti zingaphelanga iinyanga ezintandathu.

5. Uphando lugcinwa luyimfihlo kwaye intsebenziswano yeQela likaRhulumente iya kufunwa kuwo onke amabakala enkqubo.

Isiqendu 7

1. IKomiti ingamema uMbutho kaRhulumente ochaphazelekayo ukuba afake, kwingxelo yakhe phantsi kwenqaku lama-35 lesiVumelwano, iinkcukacha zamanyathelo awathathileyo emva kophando olwenziwe. phantsi kweSiqendu 6 sale Protocol.

2. Ukuphela kwexesha leenyanga ezintandathu ekubhekiswe kulo kwinqaku lesi-4, umhlathi wesi-6, iKomiti inakho, xa kukho imfuneko, ukumema uMbutho kaRhulumente ochaphazelekayo ukuba awazise ngamanyathelo ayithathileyo. ukuqhubeka kophando.

Isiqendu 9

UNobhala-Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo ungumgcini wale Protocol.

Isiqendu 10

Le Protocol ivulelekile ukuba ityikitywe ngamazwe kunye nemibutho yokudityaniswa kwengingqi etyikitye isivumelwano, kwiKomkhulu leZizwe eziManyeneyo eNew York, ukusukela nge-Matshi 30, 2007.

Isiqendu 11

Le Protocol ixhomekeke ekuqinisekisweni nguRhulumente athe wayityikitya wayivuma okanye wayinikezela kwiNgqungquthela. Kufuneka iqinisekiswe ngokusesikweni yimibutho yokudityaniswa kwengingqi ethe yayisayina neyathi yangqina ngokusemthethweni okanye yamkela iSivumelwano. Iya kuvuleleka ukuba ungeniswe nguwo nawuphi na uRhulumente okanye nawuphi na umbutho wokudityaniswa kwengingqi ovume okanye waqinisekisa ngokusemthethweni isiVumelwano okanye oye wasivuma kodwa wasayina iProtocol.

Isiqendu 12

1. “Umbutho wokudityaniswa kwengingqi” uthetha nawuphi na umbutho owenziwe ngooRhulumente abazimeleyo bommandla othile, apho amazwe angamalungu adlulisele ubuchule kumacandelo alawulwa yiNgqungquthela nalo Mgaqo. Kwizixhobo zabo zokuqinisekisa ngokusesikweni okanye ukungena, le mibutho iya kubonisa ubungakanani bokufaneleka kwabo kwimimandla elawulwa yiNgqungquthela kunye nale Protocol. Emva koko, baxela ugcino lwalo naluphi na utshintsho olubonakalayo kubuchule babo.

2. Kule Protocol, izingqinisiso ze "States Parties" zisebenza kwimibutho enjalo ngaphakathi komda wobuchule bayo.

3. Ukulungiselela iinjongo zenqaku 1, umhlathi 13, kunye nenqaku 2, umhlathi 15, wale Protocol, izixhobo ezifakwe yimibutho yokudibanisa ingingqi aziyi kubalwa.

4. Imibutho emanyanisiweyo yengingqi iya kuba neevoti ezininzi ezilingana nenani lamazwe angamaLungu aMazwe aLoo Protocol ukusebenzisa ilungelo labo lokuvota kwintlanganiso yamaQela amaZwe kwimiba yobuchule babo. Abalisebenzisi ilungelo labo lokuvota ukuba amaLungu amaLungu aseMelika asebenzisa awabo, kwaye kungenjalo.

Isiqendu 13

1. Ngokuxhomekeke ekusetyenzisweni kwesi siVumelwano, le Protocol iya kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu emva kokufakwa kwesixhobo seshumi sokuqinisekiswa okanye sokungena.

2. Ilizwe ngalinye okanye umbutho ngamnye wokudityaniswa kwengingqi oya kuthi uqinisekise, uqinisekise ngokusesikweni okanye uvume le Protocol emva kokufakwa kwesixhobo seshumi sokumiselwa okanye ukungena, iProtokholi iya kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu elandela idiphozithi oorhulumente okanye umbutho wesixhobo sokuqinisekisa, ukungena okanye isiqinisekiso esisemthethweni.

Isiqendu 14

1. Ukubekelwa indawo okungahambelani nento kunye nenjongo yale Protocol akuyi kuvunyelwa.

2. Oovimba banokurhoxiswa nanini na.

Isiqendu 15

1. Nawuphina uMbutho kaRhulumente ungacebisa ngokwenziwa kwezilungiso kule Protocol aze awungenise kuNobhala Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo. UNobhala-Jikelele uya kunxibelelana nezindululo zezilungiso kumaQela aseMelika, ebacela ukuba bamazise ukuba bayathanda na ukubiza intlanganiso yamaQela aseMelika ukuba aqwalasele ezi zindululo kwaye athathe isigqibo ngazo. Ukuba, zingaphelanga iinyanga ezine zomhla wonxibelelwano olunjalo, ubuncinci isinye kwisithathu se-States Parties siyayithanda le ntlanganiso, uNobhala-Jikelele uya kuyibiza intlanganiso phantsi kolawulo lweZizwe eziManyeneyo. . Nasiphi na isilungiso esamkelwe sisibini esithathwini samazwe aseMelika akhoyo kunye nokuvota siya kungeniswa ukuze samkelwe kwiNdibano yeZizwe eziManyeneyo, emva koko yamkelwe ngawo onke amaQela amaZwe.

2. Nasiphi na isilungiso esamkelweyo nesamkelweyo ngokomhlathi woku-1 weli nqaku siza kuqala ukusebenza ngomhla wamashumi amathathu emva komhla apho inani lezixhobo zolwamkelo ezifakiweyo zifikelela kwisibini kwisithathu senani lamaqela aseMelika ngomhla wokwamkelwa kwawo. Emva koko, isilungiso siqala ukusebenza kwiQela ngalinye likaRhulumente ngomhla wamashumi amathathu kulandele idiphozithi yeloo lizwe ngesixhobo sayo sokwamkelwa. Isilungiso siyabophelela kumaQela aseMelika awamkeleyo.

Isiqendu 16

Nawuphi na uMbutho kaRhulumente unokuyichasa le Protocol ngesaziso esibhaliweyo kuNobhala Jikelele weZizwe eziManyeneyo. Ukugxekwa kuqala ukusebenza kunyaka omnye emva komhla athe uNobhala-Jikelele afumana ngawo isaziso.

Isiqendu 17

Isicatshulwa sale Protocol siza kwenziwa sifumaneke kwiifomathi ezifikelelekayo.

Isiqendu 18

Imibhalo yesi-Arabhu, isiTshayina, isiNgesi, isiFrentshi, isiRashiya kunye neSpanish yale Protocol iyinyani ngokulinganayo. EBUNGQINA NANGOKUBA ii-Plenipotentiaries ezisayinwe apha ngasentla, ezigunyaziswe ngokufanelekileyo ngoorhulumente bazo, zisayine le Protocol.

5 2 iivoti
Ixabiso leSiqendu

Isibuyekezo sokugqibela: 28 / 09 / 2020

26 / 09 / 2020 46 Isiza_Admin UAH_OrgIntl, I-AA_OrgIntl_ONU-CDPH, I-AllianceAutiste.org
Total 2 Iivoti:
0

Nceda usixelele ukuba singaluphucula njani olu xwebhu okanye ongakuthandiyo? Enkosi!

+ = Qinisekisa uMntu okanye iSpambot?

guest
3 izimvo
kunako
ezintsha Uninzi lwabavoti
Inline feedbacks
Jonga zonke izimvo
U-Eric LUCAS
Ilungu
Iindawo zeAutiPo: 468
iintsuku 24 eyadlulayo

Merci de bien vouloir apporter vos contributions au Rapport de l’Alliance Autiste pour le ComitĂ© CDPH Ă  propos de l’Etat français, de la manière suivante : Cliquez sur une “bulle” verte dans le texte pour commenter la partie correspondante (ici, un article de la CDPH), OU rĂ©pondez Ă  un commentaire existant dĂ©jĂ  en bas de page, concernant cette partie. Indiquez des SOURCES Ă  vos dĂ©clarations, avec des adresses Internet (c’est Ă  dire commençant par http ou https). Vous pouvez dĂ©clarer des violations de ce texte par l’Etat français, mais aussi des situations oĂą, au contraire, le respect est notable (ce... Funda ngokugqithisileyo "

Igqityelwe ukuhlelwa kwiintsuku ezi-2 ezidlulileyo ngu-Eric LUCAS
Pinchon
Pinchon
undwendwe
iintsuku 21 eyadlulayo
Abantwana abakhubazekileyo " Funda ngokugqithisileyo "

Ootitshala okanye ootitshala eFrance abanalo uqeqesho okanye ulwazi lwe-autism.
Ukulingana nabanye abantwana andiboni kwaphela kwimfundo.
I-Ulis ayidibanisi abantwana abakhubazekileyo kuba ukusuka kubunzima bokuqala umntwana ashiye i-Ulis.
Uninzi lwabantwana baseUlis badlala umculo wezemidlalo kwaye abanye baseUlis.

0

Igqityelwe ukuhlelwa kwiintsuku ezi-21 ezidlulileyo ngeSayithi_Admin
U-Eric LUCAS
Ilungu
Iindawo zeAutiPo: 468
Phendula Pinchon
iintsuku 21 eyadlulayo

Merci.
Quelqu’un pourrait-il tenter d’expliciter les deux dernières phrases ?

  • "U-Ulis akabadibanisi abantwana abakhubazekileyo kuba ukusukela kubunzima bokuqala umntwana ubuyela ku-Ulis." :?…
  • Uninzi lwabantwana baseUlis badlala umculo kunye nabanye eUlis. :?…
0

Igqityelwe ukuhlelwa kwiintsuku ezi-2 ezidlulileyo ngu-Eric LUCAS

Bayasinceda

Cofa i-logo ukuze wazi njani
3
0
Sebenzisana ngokulula ngokwabelana ngeengcinga zakho kule ngxoxo, enkosi!x